National Congress of Honduras

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National Congress of Honduras
Type
Type
Leadership
Mauricio OlivaNational Party
since 25 January 2014
Structure
Seats 128
National_Congress_of_Honduras_2013.svg
Political groups

Government (50)

Crossbench (28)

Opposition (50)

Elections
Last election
24 November 2013
Meeting place
Tegucigalpa
Website
www.congresonacional.hn
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Honduras
Foreign relations

The National Congress (Spanish: Congreso Nacional) is the legislative branch of the government of Honduras.

Organisation[edit]

The Honduran Congress is a unicameral legislature. The nominal President of the National Congress of Honduras is currently Mauricio Oliva. Its members are 128 deputies, who are elected on a proportional representation basis, by department, to serve four-year terms.

Meeting place[edit]

Congress meets in a purpose-built legislative palace (Palacio Legislativo) in the centre of Tegucigalpa. Of a modernist design, it is painted in an array of bright colours and rests on a series of concrete pillars that separate it from the ground.

Coordinates: 14°06′14″N 87°12′18″W / 14.10375°N 87.20495°W / 14.10375; -87.20495

Directive[edit]

2014-2018 legislative period[edit]

The current directive of the National Congress is:[1]

  • Mauricio Oliva (President) (PNH)
  • Gladys Aurora López (1st Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Lena Gutiérrez Arévalo (2nd Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Antonio Rivera Callejas (3rd Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Milton de Jesús Puerto (4th Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Miguel Edgardo Martínez (5th Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Augusto Cruz Ascensio (6th Vice-President) (DC)
  • Edwin Roberto Pavón (7th Vice-President (UD)
  • Rolando Dubón Bueso (Alternate Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Ramón Antonio Leva Bulnes (Alternate Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Jose Vicente de León Rojas (Alternate Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Mario Alonso Perez (1st Secretary) (PNH)
  • Román Villeda Aguilar (2nd Secretary) (PNH)
  • José María Martínez (Alternate Secretary) (PNH)
  • Wilmer Neal Velásquez (Alternate Secretary) (PNH)
  • José Tomás Zambrano (1st Pro-Secretary) (PNH)
  • Sara Ismena Medina Galo (2nd Pro-Secretary) (PNH)

2010-2014 legislative period[edit]

The directive of the National Congress for the period 2010-2014 is:[2]

  • Juan Orlando Hernández (President) (PNH) (In June 2013 he was given permission by the Congress to absent himself from all responsibilities in the Congress to dedicate himself to his presidential campaign.[3])
  • Lena Gutiérrez Arévalo (1st Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Marlon Lara (2nd Vice-President) (PLH)
  • Ramón Velásquez Názar (3rd Vice-President) (DC)
  • Marvin Ponce (4th Vice-President) (PUD)
  • Martha Concepción Guevara (5th Vice-President)(PNH)
  • Nora de Melgar (6th Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Rigoberto Chang Castillo (1st Secretary) (PNH)
  • Gladis Aurora López (2nd Secretary) (PNH)
  • Eliseo Noel Mejía (Pro-Secretary) (PNH)
  • Yariel Waldina Paz (Pro-Secretary] (PLH)
  • Óscar Orlando Burgos (Alternate Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Victoria Carrasco García (Alternate Vice-President) (PNH)
  • Ángel Banegas (Alternate Secretary) (PLH)
  • Milton de Jesús Puerto (Alternate Secretary) (PNH)

Elections[edit]

The most recent election was held November 2013. Previous elections were held in 2009, 2005 and 2001.

2013 Legislative Elections[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Party 9,255,904 33.64 48 –23
Liberty and Refoundation 7,568,392 27.51 37 New
Liberal Party 4,670,157 16.97 27 –18
Anti-Corruption Party 4,169,245 15.15 13 New
Innovation and Unity Party 507,958 1.85 1 –2
Democratic Unification Party 460,814 1.67 1 –3
Christian Democratic Party 444,734 1.62 1 –4
Patriotic Alliance 272,398 0.99 0 New
FAPERDemocratic Unification Party 128,488 0.47 0
Independent Socialist candidates 20,429 0.07 0
FAPER 9011 0.03 0 New
United for Choluteca 8,542 0.03 0
Total 27,516,072 100 128 0
Valid votes 2,699,544 85.98
Invalid votes 155,060 4.94
Blank votes 285,088 9.08
Total votes 3,139,692 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,308,781 59.14
Source: TSE
e • d Summary of the 29 November 2009 National Congress of Honduras election results
Parties Seats
National Party of Honduras (Partido Nacional de Honduras) 71
Liberal Party of Honduras (Partido Liberal de Honduras) 45
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (Partido Demócrata Cristiano de Honduras) 5
Democratic Unification Party (Partido de Unificación Democrática) 4
Innovation and Unity Party (Partido Innovación y Unidad) 3
Total votes: 2,300,056 (2,146,012 valid votes) (turnout 51.04 %) 128
Registered voters: 4,600,000 approx.
Sources: TSE, El Heraldo
e • d Summary of the 27 November 2005 National Congress of Honduras election results
Parties Seats
Liberal Party of Honduras (Partido Liberal de Honduras) 62
National Party of Honduras (Partido Nacional de Honduras) 55
Democratic Unification Party (Partido de Unificación Democrática) 5
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (Partido Demócrata Cristiano de Honduras) 4
Innovation and Unity Party (Partido Innovación y Unidad) 2
Total votes: 1,833,710 (turnout 45.97 %) 128
Registered voters: 3,988,605
Source regarding number of votes IPU Parline

The previous election was held on 25 November 2001. Following that election (which saw Ricardo Maduro elected president), party strengths in Congress stood as follows:

e • d Summary of the 25 November 2001 Honduras National Congress (Congreso Nacional) election results
Parties Votes % Seats
National Party of Honduras (Partido Nacional de Honduras) 46.5 61
Liberal Party of Honduras (Partido Liberal de Honduras ) 40.8 55
Innovation and Unity Party-Social-Democracy (Partido de Inovación y Unidad-Social Democracia) 4.6 4
Democratic Unification Party (Partido de Unificación Democrática) 4.5 5
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (Partido Demócrata Cristiano de Honduras) 3,7 3
Total (turnout 66.3 %)   128

Honduras also returns deputies to the supranational Central American Parliament.

President[edit]

The President of the National Congress of Honduras is the presiding officer (speaker) of the National Congress of Honduras.

Presidents of the Congress 20th Century[edit]

Name Term Party Notes
Rafael Alvarado Manzano 1914–1915 National Party of Honduras
Angel Ugarte 1921 Liberal Party of Honduras
Miguel Oqueli Bustillo 1923 Liberal Party of Honduras
Angel Sevilla R. 1924 National Party of Honduras
Venancio Callejas 1925–1926 National Party of Honduras
Tiburcio Carías Andino 1926–1929 National Party of Honduras First Time
Antonio C. Rivera 1929–1930 National Party of Honduras First Time
Tiburcio Carías Andino 1930–1931 National Party of Honduras Second Time
Santiago Meza Cálix 1931–1932 Liberal Party of Honduras
Antonio Bográn 1932 National Party of Honduras
Abraham Williams C. 1932 National Party of Honduras
Miguel Paz Barahona 1933–1934 National Party of Honduras
Ramón Alcerro Castro 1934–1935 National Party of Honduras President of the National Constituent Assembly of 1943
Antonio C. Rivera 1935–1939 National Party of Honduras Second Time
Plutarco Muñoz P. 1939–1948 National Party of Honduras
Luciano Milla Cisneros 1949 National Party of Honduras
Juan B. Valladares R. 1949 National Party of Honduras
Jose Máximo Gálvez 1949–1950 National Party of Honduras
Camilo Gómez y Gómez 1950–1954 National Party of Honduras
Francisco Salomón Jiménez Castro 1954 National Party of Honduras
Ramón Villeda Morales 1957 Liberal Party of Honduras President of the Constituent Assembly of 1957 and then, President of Honduras 1957-1963.
Modesto Rodas Alvarado 1957–1963 Liberal Party of Honduras He was overthrown by the military coup led by Oswaldo López Arellano.
Héctor Orlando Gomez C. 1963 Liberal Party of Honduras He assumed the Presidency of the Congress for a few days, after the military coup led by Oswaldo López Arellano
Mario E. Rivera López 1965–1971 National Party of Honduras He was President of the National Constituent Assembly of 1965 and the National Congress from 1965 to 1971.
Martín Agüero Vega 1971–1972 National Party of Honduras
Roberto Suazo Cordova 1981 Liberal Party of Honduras He was the President of the National Constituent Assembly that drew up the 1982 Honduran Constitution. He was then elected President of Honduras in the Honduran general election, 1981

List of Presidents since 1982[edit]

Name Term Party
Efrain Bu Girón 1982–1986 Liberal Party of Honduras
Carlos Orbin Montoya 1986–1990 Liberal Party of Honduras
Rodolfo Irias Navas 1990–1994 National Party of Honduras
Carlos Roberto Flores 1994–1998 Liberal Party of Honduras
Rafael Pineda Ponce 1998–2002 Liberal Party of Honduras
Porfirio Lobo Sosa 2002–2006 National Party of Honduras
Roberto Micheletti 2006–2009 Liberal Party of Honduras
José Alfredo Saavedra
2009–2010 Liberal Party of Honduras
Juan Orlando Hernández 2010–2014 National Party of Honduras
Mauricio Oliva 2014–present National Party of Honduras

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]