President of the New South Wales Legislative Council
|President of the New South Wales Legislative Council|
Mr/Madam President (In the Council)
|Appointer||The Monarch's Representative at the behest of the Legislative Council|
|Inaugural holder||Sir Alfred Stephen|
|Formation||20 May 1856|
|Deputy||Hon. Jenny Gardiner|
The President of the New South Wales Legislative Council is the presiding officer of the upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales, the Legislative Council. The presiding officer of the lower house is the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. The role of President has generally been a partisan office, filled by the governing party of the time. The incumbent President is no exception, currently held by Don Harwin of the Liberal Party of Australia.
The President is elected by the Council in a secret ballot. The Clerk of the Council conducts the election. The Presidency has always been a partisan office and the nominee of the government party has nearly always been elected—although this cannot be guaranteed since the government of the day does not necessarily have a majority in the Senate. The President is assisted by an elected Deputy President. The traditional practice has been that the government nominates an MLC to be elected as President, and the Opposition nominates an MLC to be Deputy President. However, as with now, this is not always the case.
Unlike the Speaker, the President has a deliberative, but not a casting vote (in the event of an equality of votes, the motion fails). Like the Speaker, the President continues to attend party meetings, and at general elections stands as a party candidate. On the other hand, the President does not usually take part in debates in the Council and does not speak in public on party-political issues. He or she is expected to conduct the business of the Council in an impartial manner.
The President’s principal duty is to preside over the Council, although he or she is assisted in this by the Deputy President and a panel of Acting Deputy Presidents, who usually preside during routine debates. The occupant of the Chair must maintain order in the Council, uphold the Standing Orders (rules of procedure) and protect the rights of backbench Councillors. The President, in conjunction with the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, also administers Parliament House, Sydney, with the assistance of administrative staff.
Although the President does not have the same degree of disciplinary power as the Speaker does, the Council is not as rowdy as most Australian legislative chambers, and thus his or her disciplinary powers are seldom exercised.
Perquisites and ceremony
Following the Westminster tradition inherited from the House of Lords of the United Kingdom, the traditional dress of the speaker includes components of Court dress such as the black silk lay-type gown (similar to a Queen's Counsel gown), a wing collar and a lace jabot or bands (another variation included a white bow tie with a lace jabot), bar jacket, and a full-bottomed wig. The dress of speakers has often variated according to the party in power, but is determinate on the personal choice of the speaker. Most Labor party Presidents eschewed the wig while retaining the court dress, while conservative and independent speakers tended to wear the full dress.
The President, currently, no longer wears the full traditional court dress outfit. Max Willis (1991-1998) was the last President to do so. From 1998 to 2011, all the Presidents opted not to wear any dress at all, preferring normal business attire. However, upon his election, President Harwin returned to tradition by wearing the gown during question time and on significant occasions such as the Opening of Parliament. However, there is nothing stopping any given Speaker, if they choose to do so, from assuming traditional court dress or anything they deem appropriate.
List of Presidents of the Legislative Council
|Member||Party||Term in Office|
|Hon Sir Alfred Stephen||None||20 May 1856 – 28 January 1857|
|Hon John Plunkett||None||29 January 1857 – 6 February 1858|
|Hon Sir William Burton||None||9 February 1858 – 10 March 1861|
|Hon William Wentworth||None||24 June 1861 – 10 October 1862|
|Hon Sir Terence Murray||None||14 October 1862 – 22 June 1873|
|Hon Sir John Hay||None||8 July 1873 – 10 January 1892|
|Hon Sir John Lackey||None||26 January 1892 – 23 May 1903|
|Hon Sir Francis Suttor||Free Trade||23 May 1903 – 4 April 1915|
|Hon Frederick Flowers||Labor||27 April 1915 – 14 December 1928|
|Hon Sir John Peden||Nationalist
|5 February 1929 – 22 April 1946|
|Hon Ernest Farrar||Labor||30 April 1946 – 16 June 1952|
|Hon William Dickson||Labor||18 August 1952 – 22 May 1966|
|Hon Sir Harry Budd||Country||9 August 1966 – 5 November 1978|
|Hon Johno Johnson||Labor||7 November 1978 – 3 July 1991|
|Hon Max Willis||Liberal||3 July 1991 – 29 June 1998|
|Hon Virginia Chadwick||Liberal||29 June 1998 – 5 March 1999|
|Hon Dr Meredith Burgmann||Labor||11 May 1999 – 2 March 2007|
|Hon Peter Primrose||Labor||8 May 2007 – 17 November 2009|
|Hon Amanda Fazio||Labor||24 November 2009 – 3 May 2011|
|Hon Don Harwin||Liberal||3 May 2011 – present|