President of the Republic of Macedonia

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President of the
Republic of Macedonia
Coat of arms of the President of Macedonia.svg
Ǵorge Ivanov 2012-04-27.jpg
Incumbent
Gjorge Ivanov

since May 12, 2009
Residence Vila Vodno[1]
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Kiro Gligorov
January 27, 1991
Formation Macedonian Constitution
April 16, 1991
Website www.president.gov.mk
Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Macedonia

The President of the Republic of Macedonia is the head of state of the Republic of Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern Republic of Macedonia began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The Macedonian presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.

The president must be a citizen of the Republic of Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years.[2]

History[edit]

During the period of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, there was a collective presidency which was abolished in 1991. Its first president was Metodija Andonov Čento elected at ASNOM, when the modern Macedonian state was formed, while the last one was Vladimir Mitkov.[3] Following the transition from socialist system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia changed the collective leadership with a single-president post in 1991. Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on 27 January 1991.[4] On 16 April 1991 the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing the term "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on 7 June of the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[5] Hence Gligorov continued his function as a president of the Republic of Macedonia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on 8 September 1991. On completing his second term as head of the independent state Gligorov was succeeded by Boris Trajkovski in 1999. Following Trajkovski's death in 2004, he was succeeded by Branko Crvenkovski. Gjorge Ivanov won the 2009 presidential election and took office on 12 May 2009.

List of Presidents of Macedonia[edit]

Socialist Republic of Macedonia[edit]

Parties

      KPM/SKM       Non-partisan

Status
  Acting President
Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Political Party
President of Initiatory Committee for Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation of Macedonia
1943–1944
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
1 October 1943 2 August 1944 Communist Party of Macedonia
Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation (ASNOM)
1944–1945
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
2 August 1944 1 January 1945 Communist Party of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
1945–1953
1 Metodija Andonov-Čento
(1902–1957)
1 January 1945 15 March 1946 Communist Party of Macedonia
Dimitar Nestorov (acting)
(1890–1968)
16 March 1946 30 December 1946 Communist Party of Macedonia
2 Blagoja Fotev
(1900–1993)
1947 4 January 1951 Communist Party of Macedonia
Vidoe Smilevski (acting)
(1915–1979)
4 January 1951 1953 Communist Party of Macedonia (until 1952)
League of Communists of Macedonia (from 1952)
Presidents of the People's Assembly
1953–1974
3 Dimce Stojanov
(1910–1991)
1953 19 December 1953 League of Communists of Macedonia
4 Lazar Koliševski
(1914–2000)
19 December 1953 26 June 1962 League of Communists of Macedonia
5 Ljupčo Arsov
(1910–1986)
26 June 1962 24 June 1963 League of Communists of Macedonia
6 Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
25 June 1963 12 May 1967 League of Communists of Macedonia
7 Mito Hadživasiliev
(1921–1968)
12 May 1967 1 August 1968 League of Communists of Macedonia
8 Nikola Mincev
(1915–1997)
23 December 1968 6 May 1974 League of Communists of Macedonia
Presidents of the Presidency
1974–1991
9 Vidoe Smilevski
(1915–1979)
6 May 1974 31 October 1979 League of Communists of Macedonia
10 Ljupčo Arsov
(1910–1986)
31 October 1979 29 April 1982 League of Communists of Macedonia
11 Angel Cemerski
(1923–2005)
29 April 1982 29 April 1983 League of Communists of Macedonia
12 Blagoja Taleski
(1924–2001)
29 April 1983 29 April 1984 League of Communists of Macedonia
13 Tome Bukleski
(1921– )
29 April 1984 26 April 1985 League of Communists of Macedonia
14 Vanco Apostolski
(1925–2008)
26 April 1985 June 1986 League of Communists of Macedonia
15 Dragoljub Stavrev
(1932–2003)
June 1986 May 1988 League of Communists of Macedonia
16 Jezdimir Bogdanski
(1930–2007)
May 1988 28 April 1990 League of Communists of Macedonia
17 Vladimir Mitkov
(1931– )
28 April 1990 27 January 1991 League of Communists of Macedonia
18 Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
27 January 1991 18 September 1991 Non-partisan

Republic of Macedonia[edit]

Parties

      Non-partisan       LPM       DA       VMRO–DPMNE       SDSM

Status
  Acting President
# Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
Presidents
1991 onwards
1 Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
No image.png 1994 18 September 1991 4 October 1995 Non-partisan
Stojan Andov (acting)
(1935– )
No image.png 4 October 1995 17 November 1995 Liberal Party of Macedonia
(1) Kiro Gligorov
(1917–2012)
No image.png 17 November 1995 19 November 1999 Non-partisan
Savo Klimovski (acting)
(1947– )
No image.png 19 November 1999 15 December 1999 Democratic Alternative
2 Boris Trajkovski
(1956–2004)
BorisTrajkovski1.jpg 1999 15 December 1999 26 February 2004
(died in plane crash)
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization

Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity
Ljupčo Jordanovski (acting)
(1953–2010)
No image.png 26 February 2004 12 May 2004 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
3 Branko Crvenkovski
(1962– )
Branko-Crvenkovski.JPG 2004 12 May 2004 12 May 2009 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
4 Gjorge Ivanov
(1960– )
Ǵorge Ivanov 2012-04-27.jpg 2009 12 May 2009 Incumbent Non-partisan
supported by
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization

Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity

Notes[edit]

Kiro Gligorov was incapacitated after an assassination attempt in 1995. Stojan Andov served as acting leader during Gligorov's incapacitation.

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 22 March and 5 April 2009 Macedonian presidential election results
Candidate Nominating party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Gjorge Ivanov VMRO–DPMNE 345,850 35.04 453,616 63.14
Ljubomir Frčkoski Social Democratic Union of Macedonia 202,691 20.54 264,828 36.86
Imer Selmani New Democracy 147,547 14.95  
Ljube Boškoski Independent 146,878 14.88
Agron Buxhaku Democratic Union for Integration 73,629 7.46
Nano Ružin Liberal Democratic Party 40,042 4.06
Mirushe Hoxha Democratic Party of Albanians 30,225 3.06
Invalid/blank votes 32,386 3.18 45,589 5.87
Total 1,019,268 100.00 764,033 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 1,792,082 56.9 1,792,082 42.6
Source: SEC, Nohlen & Stöver[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.dnevnik.com.mk
  2. ^ Macedonian Information Agency
  3. ^ Prof. Dr. Vladimir Mitkov - Faculty of Law, University of Skopje (Macedonian)
  4. ^ Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on 27 January 1991, when SR Macedonia was still an official name of the state. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia
  5. ^ On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA, see: 1991 (Macedonian)
  6. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p2054 ISBN 9873832956097

External links[edit]