List of heads of state of the Republic of the Congo

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President of the
Republic of the Congo
Coat of arms of the Republic of the Congo.svg
Sassou-Nguesso.jpg
Incumbent
Denis Sassou Nguesso

since 25 October 1997
Term length 7 years
Inaugural holder Fulbert Youlou
Formation 15 August 1960
Coat of arms of the Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of the Congo

This is a list of heads of state of the Republic of the Congo since the establishment of that office in 1960.

List of Heads of State of the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Republic of the Congo Independence from France
(République du Congo)
15 August 1960 to 15 August 1963 Fulbert Youlou 1963.jpg Abbé Fulbert Youlou, President UDDIA Continued to use title 'Abbot' despite being laicized by the church on entering politics. Deposed in the Trois Glorieuses uprising
15 August 1963 to 16 August 1963 David Moussaka, Officer in charge of the Provisional Government Mil
Félix Mouzabakani, Officer in charge of the Provisional Government Mil  
16 August 1963 Presidency suspended
16 August 1963 to 19 December 1963 Alphonse Massamba-Debat.png Alphonse Massamba-Débat, Chairman of the National Council of the Revolution MNR
19 December 1963 to 2 August 1968 Alphonse Massamba-Débat, President Deposed
3 August 1968 to 4 August 1968 Augustin Poignet, Acting President Mil Acting for Massamba-Débat
4 August 1968 to 4 September 1968 Alphonse Massamba-Debat.png Alphonse Massamba-Débat, President MNR Restored; Deposed in a coup d'état
4 September 1968 to 5 September 1968 Major Marien Ngouabi, Chairman of the National Council of the Revolution Mil 1st Term
5 September 1968 to 1 January 1969 Alfred Raoul.JPG Major Alfred Raoul, Acting Head of State Mil
1 January 1969 to 3 January 1970 Major Marien Ngouabi, Head of State Mil/PCT 2nd Term
People's Republic of the Congo
(République populaire du Congo)
3 January 1970 to 18 March 1977 Major Marien Ngouabi, President Mil/PCT 2nd Term; Assassinated
18 March 1977 Presidency suspended
18 March 1977 to 3 April 1977 Military Committee of the Congolese Labour Party:-
Colonel Joachim Yhombi-Opango Mil/PCT  
Sassou-Nguesso.jpg Denis Sassou-Nguesso Mil/PCT
Louis Sylvain-Goma.png Louis Sylvain Goma Mil/PCT
Jean-Michel Ebaka Mil/PCT
Raymond Damase Ngollo Mil/PCT
Martin Mbia Mil/PCT
Pascal Bima Mil/PCT
Nicolas Okongo Mil/PCT
François Xavier Katali Mil/PCT
Florent Ntsiba Mil/PCT
Pierre Anga Mil/PCT
3 April 1977 to 5 February 1979 Colonel Joachim Yhombi-Opango, Head of State Mil/PCT Forced to resign
5 February 1979 to 8 February 1979 Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya, Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Congolese Labour Party PCT
8 February 1979 to 14 August 1979 Sassou-Nguesso.jpg Denis Sassou-Nguesso, Head of State PCT 1st Term
14 August 1979 to 15 March 1992 Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President
Republic of the Congo
(République du Congo)
15 March 1992 to 31 August 1992 Sassou-Nguesso.jpg Denis Sassou Nguesso, President PCT 1st Term
31 August 1992 to 25 October 1997 Pascal Lissouba, President UPADS Deposed in the Republic of the Congo Civil War
25 October 1997 to Present Sassou-Nguesso.jpg Denis Sassou Nguesso, President PCT 2nd Term

Affiliations[edit]

ADD Avant pour la Défense de la Démocratie
        (Front for the Defence of Democracy)
MCDDI Mouvement Congolais pour la Démocratie et la Développement Integral
        (Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development)    conservative
PCT Parti Congolais du Travail
        (Congolese Labour Party)    extreme left, only legal party 1979–1991
RDD Rasemblement pour le Démocratie et le Développment
        (Rally for Democracy and Development)
UFD Union des Forces Démocratiques
        (Union of Democratic Forces)
UPADS Union panafricaine pour la démocratie sociale
        (Pan-African Union for Social Democracy, social-democratic)
MNR National Révolutionnaire Mouvement
        (National Revolutionary Movement)    only legal party 1966–1968
UDDIA Union Démocratique pour la Défense d'Intérêts Africains
        (Democratic Union for the Defence of African Interests)
Mil Military
n-p non-partisan
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Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 July 2009 Republic of the Congo presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Denis Sassou-Nguesso Congolese Labour PartyRally of the Presidential Majority 1,055,117 78.6
Joseph Kignoumbi Kia Mboungou Independent 100,181 7.5
Nicéphore Antoine Fylla de Saint-Eudes Liberal Republican Party 93,749 7.0
Mathias Dzon Alliance for the Republic and Democracy 30,861 2.3
Joseph Hondjuila Miokono Independent 27,060 2.0
Guy Romain Kinfoussia Independent 11,678 0.9
Jean François Tchibinda-Kouangou Independent 5,475 0.4
Anguios Nganguia-Engambé Independent 4,064 0.3
Ernest Bonaventure Mizidi Bavoueza Independent 3,594 0.3
Clément Mierassa Independent 3,305 0.3
Bertin Pandi-Ngouari Independent 2,749 0.2
Marion Michel Mandzimba Ehouango Independent 2,612 0.2
Jean Ebina Independent 1,797 0.1
Valid votes 1,342,242 97.2
Invalid votes 38,409 2.8
Total votes (turnout 66.4 %) 1,380,651 100.0
Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive

See also[edit]

External links[edit]