President of the United Nations General Assembly
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|President of the
United Nations General Assembly
Emblem of the United Nations
|Appointer||United Nations General Assembly|
|Term length||1 year|
|Inaugural holder||Paul-Henri Spaak|
|Website||List of Presidents of the UN General Assembly|
The President of the United Nations General Assembly is a position voted for by representatives in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on a yearly basis. The President presides over the sessions of the General Assembly. The current officeholder is John William Ashe of Antigua and Barbuda. On 11 June 2014, the General Assembly elected Sam Kutesa of Uganda as its incoming President for the sixty-ninth session.
The session of the assembly is scheduled for every year starting in September—any special, or emergency special, assemblies over the next year will be headed by the president of UNGA.
Because of their powerful stature globally, some of the largest, most powerful countries have never held the presidency, such as the People's Republic of China, France, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In particular, it is customary that no permanent member of the United Nations Security Council ever serves as General Assembly president.
The only country that had a national elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly twice is Argentina; all the other member states had been represented only once by their nationals holding this office. This does not include special and emergency special sessions of the General Assembly.
Clear and appropriate criteria have been proposed prior to the consideration of candidacies and to establish an "elections committee" or, alternatively, a search committee. Criteria include:
- Availability to devote full-time attention for many months;
- Political independence;
- Multilateral leadership experience, including negotiation and consensus-building skills and the ability to deal with multiple powerful stakeholders; and
- A thorough understanding of the United Nations Charter.
Other propositions includes presidential voting by citizens of all over the world to elect the UNGA president.
List of presidents
- COS: Commonwealth Seat
- EAS: Eastern European and Asian Seat
- LAS: Latin American Seat
- MES: Middle Eastern Seat
- WES: Western European Seat
- Since 1966
- Africa: African Group
- Asia: Asian Group, since 2011 the Asia-Pacific Group
- EEG: Eastern European Group
- GRULAC: Latin American and Caribbean Group
- WEOG: Western European and Others Group
- "About the President of the 68th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations". United Nations. United Nations. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "General Assembly elects Ugandan Foreign Minister as President of 69th session". United Nations News Centre. United Nations. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "UN: About the General Assembly". Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- "Proposed elections committee". Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- Presidents of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Un.org. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- United Nations document GA/11105
- "Asian group of nations at UN changes its name to Asia-Pacific group", Radio New Zealand International, 31 August 2011.
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- UN: List of UN General Assembly presidents
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