List of Presidents of Croatia

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This is a list of Presidents of Croatia.

Historically, the heads of state of Croatia as a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were referred to as "Presidents".[citation needed] Prior to 1974, Croatia's head of state was the speaker of the Croatian parliament.[citation needed] The Croatian Parliament was known as the People's Assembly (Narodna Skupština) 1945-1953, and then re-assumed its old name, the Sabor, in 1953 ("Sabor" is translated "Parliament" in the table).

Since the Christmas Constitution, the President of the Republic (Predsjednik) is directly elected to a five-year term and is limited to a maximum of two terms. Since the changes to the Constitution of Croatia in 2001, the President of the Republic of Croatia cannot be a member of any political party.[1] He or she can be elected as a member of a party, but once elected must resign from membership in any political party. Note that the office of the President of the Republic of Croatia is not a continuation of the previous Presidents of the Presidency of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, as they were not the heads of state, but suborninate to the Federal Presidency of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia.

      League of Communists of Yugoslavia       Social Democratic Party       Croatian Democratic Union       Croatian Peasant Party       Non-party

No. President Lifespan Term of office

Electoral
mandates
Party Notes
Presidents of the Presidium of the Parliament
1943-1953
1 Vladimir Nazor Vladimir Nazor 1876–1949 13 June
1943
19 June
1949
Independent
(member of the Unitary National Liberation Front, i.e. the National Front)
From 1943 to 1945 formal head of state as Speaker of the ZAVNOH (Croatian wartime assembly). Post-war served as head of state in the function of President of the Presidium of the Parliament. First head of state of modern Croatia. Died in office.
2 Karlo Mrazović Karlo Mrazović 1902–1987 15 October
1949

1952
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
3 Vicko Krstulović Vicko Krstulović 1905–1988
1952
6 February
1953
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
(renamed in 1952)
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
(renamed in 1952)
Speakers of the Parliament
1953-1974
4 Zlatan Sremec Zlatan Sremec 1898–1971 6 February
1953
December
1953
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Speaker of Parliament since 1946; became formal head of state (as Speaker) on 6 February 1953 with the abolition of the Presidium.
5 Vladimir Bakarić Vladimir Bakarić 1912–1983 December
1953
December
1963
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Longest term to date as Croatian head of state, also served as Prime Minister of Croatia. People's Hero of Yugoslavia
6 Ivan Krajačić Ivan Krajačić 1906–1986 December
1963
June
1967
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
7 Jakov Blažević Jakov Blažević 1912–1996 June
1967
April
1974
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
8 Ivo Perišin Ivo Perišin 1923–2009 April
1974
8 May
1974
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Ceased to be the head of state with the establishment of the collective Presidency on 8 May 1974; continued on as Speaker until 1978. Also at one time held the positions of Prime Minister of Croatia, and Mayor of Split.
Presidents of the Presidency
1974-1990
9 Jakov Blažević Jakov Blažević 1912–1996 8 May
1974
May
1982
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
10 Marijan Cvetković Marijan Cvetković 1920–1990 May
1982
May
1983
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
11 Milutin Baltić Milutin Baltić 1920–2013 May
1983
10 May
1984
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
12 Jakša Petrić Jakša Petrić 1922–1993 10 May
1984
10 May
1985
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
13 Pero Car Pero Car 1920–1985 10 May
1985
20 November
1985
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
14 Ema Derosi-Bjelajac Ema Derosi-Bjelajac 1926– 20 November
1985
10 May
1986
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
15 Ante Marković Ante Marković 1924–2011 10 May
1986
May
1988
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Also at one time Prime Minister of Croatia, and last Prime Minister of Yugoslavia. Led successful reforms terminated by the ensuing Yugoslav Wars.
16 Ivo Latin Ivo Latin 1929–2002 May
1988
30 May
1990
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
President of the Republic of Croatia
since 1990[2]
1
Franjo Tuđman Franjo Tuđman 1922–1999 30 May
1990
10 December
1999
Croatian Democratic Union Two terms. Initially held the office as President of the Presidency of Croatia. From 26 November 1999 until his death on 10 December 1999 represented by acting president Vlatko Pavletić (the Speaker of the Parliament). Died while formally in office.
1992, 1997
A Vlatko Pavletić Vlatko Pavletić
(acting)
1930–2007 26 November
1999
2 February
2000
Croatian Democratic Union Speaker of the Parliament serving as acting president (for Tuđman until 10 December 1999, then in his own right).
A Zlatko Tomčić Zlatko Tomčić
(acting)
1945– 2 February
2000
18 February
2000
Croatian Peasant Party Speaker of the Parliament serving as acting president until the inauguration of an elected president (Tomčić replaced Pavletić as Speaker after the 2000 parliamentary election).
2
Stjepan Mesić Stjepan Mesić 1934– 18 February
2000
18 February
2010
Independent Two terms. Previously served as the last President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia.
2000, 2005
3
Ivo Josipović Ivo Josipović 1957– 18 February
2010
Incumbent Social Democratic Party
2009–10

See also[edit]

References[edit]