Prestes Maia (building)
The Prestes Maia building, or sometimes simply Prestes Maia (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpɾɛstʃiz ˈmaj.jɐ]), is believed to be the largest squatted highrise building in South America, with an estimated 2000 inhabitants. The complex is made up of two tower blocks, Bloco A and Bloco B, the latter of which has the address Avenida Prestes Maia, 911 near Luz Station in downtown São Paulo. Businessman Jorge Nacle Hamuche purchased the building at auction in 1993 and co-owns it with his business partner, Eduardo Amorim. The building remains registered to the previous owner, the bankrupt National Cloth Company (Companhia Nacional de Tecidos in Portuguese), where Hamuche formerly was employed.
The building had been closed and left in a rundown condition for years, serving as shelter for rats and cockroaches. The new residents cleaned out tons of rubbish and litter, organized it, expelled drugs and other criminal bosses. It contained a free library, workshops, and hosted autonomous educational, social and other cultural activities. In the last few years of the squat it was a laboratory of experiments in organizing a real human renewal of downtown São Paulo.
The building was to be returned to its legal owner, who in the previous 15 years had accumulated a debt in municipal taxes of some 5.5 million reais (approx. US$2.2 million / 1.4 million euros), which is close to the amount the building is worth (near R$7 million).
- January 27, 2006 — Representatives met with the police authorities in charge of the forthcoming eviction. During the meeting, it was made clear that the eviction would take place somewhere between the 15th and 21 February (an exact date was not given for 'strategic' reasons). The families were advised to leave the precinct before the eviction to avoid unpleasant encounters, and when they asked where they were supposed to go, the answer was: 'to the streets or elsewhere'.
- February 7, 2006 — The residents of the Prestes Maia building staged a street blockade for almost 2 hours to draw attention to their plight.
- February 13–14th, 2006 — About 200 people congregated at Prestes Maia anxious for the news and information. They were told that repossession of ownership had been postponed for an indeterminate period. The residents celebrated and thanked the support of the groups, individuals, lawyers and others who had helped the campaign.
The residents succeeded in gaining some concessions for relocation from the government, such as financial aid for rental and credit plans.
A gradual removal of the residents to other locations in downtown São Paulo was undertaken, with varying degrees of government promises and assistance, and since July 2007 the building has been closed.
- October 2008 — The building is still closed and barricaded with concrete blocks.
- Prestes Maia - freedom in concrete. Documentary by Levin Peter, Jonas Ginter, Marla Fee Wilke. 52 min, in coproduction with ZDF/Arte. A production of gebrueder beetz filmproduktion (www.gebrueder-beetz.de). Germany 2008.
- Tower of Babel (2007) with subtitles. A Brazilian documentary written and directed by Felipe Seffrin and Dirceu Neto, orientation: Fernando Crocomo. Federal University of Santa Catarina Department of Journalism.
- The Magic Carriage Hero (O Herói da Carruagem Mágica) – Independent ‘Cordel’-documentary that tells the story of the creators of Prestes Maia Community Library. By Philippe Bertrand. 15 min. Brazil 2007.
- Landless Workers' Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Terra (MST) in Portuguese)
- "Tower of Babel (with English subtitles)". Brazilian: YouTube/UFSC/Felipe Seffrin. 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Edifícios Abandonados (1 June 2011). "Prestes Maia, 911". Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- Phillips, Tom (23 January 2006). "Brazil's roofless reclaim the cities". The Guardian.
- "Prestes Maia: largest urban area squat in South America faces imminent eviction". Indybay. 16 February 2007.
- "Prestes Maia – Freiheit in Beton". gebrueder beetz filmproduktion. Retrieved 15 December 2013.