Preston bus station
|Preston bus station|
|Connections||Preston (800 metres (870 yd))|
|Opened||12 October 1969|
|Operator||Preston City Council|
|Official name: Preston Central Bus Station and Car Park|
|Designated||23 September 2013|
Preston Bus Station is the central bus station in the city of Preston in Lancashire, England. It was built by Ove Arup and Partners in the Brutalist architectural style between 1968 and 1969, to a design by Keith Ingham and Charles Wilson of Building Design Partnership with E. H. Stazicker. The building was threatened with demolition as part of the City Council's Tithebarn redevelopment project. After two unsuccessful attempts it was granted Grade II listed building status in September 2013.
Built in the Brutalist architectural style between 1968 and 1969, designed by Keith Ingham and Charles Wilson of Building Design Partnership with E. H. Stazicker, it has a capacity of 80 double-decker buses, 40 along each side of the building. Some claim that it is the second largest bus station in Western Europe. Pedestrian access to the Bus Station is through any of three subways, one of which links directly to the adjacent Guild Hall, while the design also incorporates a multi-storey car park of five floors with space for 1,100 cars. It has been described by The Twentieth Century Society as "one of the most significant Brutalist buildings in the UK".
The building's engineers, Ove Arup and Partners, designed the distinctive curve of the car park balconies "after acceptable finishes to a vertical wall proved too expensive, contributing to the organic, sculptural nature of the building. The edges are functional, too, in that they protect car bumpers from crashing against a vertical wall. The cover balustrade protects passengers from the weather by allowing buses to penetrate beneath the lower parking floor." 
The building was threatened with demolition as part of the City Council's Tithebarn redevelopment project. After the Tithebarn development collapsed, there were still proposals to demolish the bus station and replace it with a small interchange near the railway station.
Putting forward the case for a smaller terminus, a report, commissioned by the council and Grosvenor in 2000, stated that "buses arriving and leaving the bus station have very low bus occupancy rates indicating that passengers alight and board elsewhere in the town centre. The bus station car park similarly suffers from the poor pedestrian linkages."  Listing was subsequently rejected.
A further application to list the bus station was rejected in 2010  and a review of the decision was turned down in 2011. It featured on the 2012 World Monument Fund's list of sites at risk.
In 2012, John Wilson of Fulwood in Preston and a member of the "Save Preston Bus Station" campaign presented a petition of 1435 signatures to Preston City Council calling for a referendum on the future of the bus station and argued that 80% of Preston people surveyed supported keeping the bus station and investing in it. Councillors voted to reject a referendum, with only 1 councillor, Terry Cartwright of Deepdale ward voting in favour.
On 7 December 2012, Preston City Council announced that the bus station would be demolished. They said that it would cost £23m to refurbish it and more than £5m just to keep it standing; although they also conceded that demolition would cost an estimated £1.8m. The Twentieth Century Society, which opposes the scheme, have stated that a fraction of this amount would maintain the building while proposals to retain it were being worked up.
In 2013 listed building status was applied for again by English Heritage and this time it was granted Grade II listed building status.
Preston Bus Station is the subject of 56,000, a short film by Paul Adams and Andrew Wilson.
- "Second-best city". Lancashire Evening Post. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- "Twentieth Century Society deplores Preston bus station demolition plans". Twentieth Century Society. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Keith Ingham for Building Design Partnership. Ove Arup and Partners, Structural Engineers. 1967". Retrieved 31 January 2007.[dead link]
- "Risky Buildings Transport". The Twentieth Century Society. 2006. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Preston Town Centre Analysis Précis document" (PDF). Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
- "Department of Culture, Media and Sport: Minister's Decision on Central Bus Station and Car Park, Preston". The Save Preston Bus Station Campaign. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
- "Preston's Favourite Building", Lancashire Evening Post, 17 May 2010
- "Preston bus station will not be listed". Lancashire Evening Post. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Preston bus station to be bulldozed". Lancashire Evening Post. 7 April 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Preston bus station on UK monument 'at risk' list". BBC News. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "British Brutalism-World Monuments Fund". Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- "Plea over bus station falls flat - News - Lancashire Evening Post". Lep.co.uk. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "Bus station to be bulldozed - Traffic & Travel - Lancashire Evening Post". Lep.co.uk. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- "Preston Bus Station wins listed status - Lancashire Evening Post". Lep.co.uk. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- "CBBC - All Over the Place". BBC. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Preston bus station.|
- http://www.michaelmackenzie.co.uk - Series titled last bus - New images of Preston bus station
- Lee Garland Photography shots of Preston Bus Station, Sept 07
- Website to save Preston bus station
- Lego version of Preston Bus Station which was featured on BBC News
- Feature on BBC News Lancashire
- http://www.padams.co.uk/preston-bus-station-photography/ - Photographic Project of Preston Bus Station
- 56,000 A short film about Preston Bus Station