Preveza (regional unit)

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Preveza
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Πρέβεζας
Regional unit
Municipalities of Preveza
Municipalities of Preveza
Preveza within Greece
Preveza within Greece
Coordinates: 39°10′N 20°45′E / 39.167°N 20.750°E / 39.167; 20.750Coordinates: 39°10′N 20°45′E / 39.167°N 20.750°E / 39.167; 20.750
Country Greece
Region Epirus
Capital Preveza
Area
 • Total 1,036 km2 (400 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 57,491
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Postal codes 48x xx
Area codes 268x0
ISO 3166 code GR-34
Car plates ΡΖ
Website www.preveza.gr
The city of Preveza, and the airport.

Preveza (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Πρέβεζας) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Epirus region. Its capital is the town of Preveza.

Geography[edit]

The regional unit of Preveza is located northwest of the Ambracian Gulf. The Ionian Sea lies to the west. The terrain is mostly hilly. The mountains of Xerovouni are in the far northeast. Rivers include the Louros in the east, and Acheron in the north.

Its climate is typically Mediterranean with hot dry summers and cool winters. Snow is not uncommon in winter at higher elevations.

Administration[edit]

The regional unit Preveza is subdivided into 3 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Prefecture[edit]

Preveza was established as a prefecture in 1915 (Greek: Νομός Πρέβεζας). As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Preveza was created out of the former prefecture Preveza. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Parga Parga Kanallaki
Fanari
Preveza Preveza Preveza
Louros
Zalongo
Ziros Anogeio Filippiada
Thesprotiko
Kranea
Filippiada

History[edit]

The area was first settled by the Greek tribe of the Thesprotians and subsequently formed part of the Kingdom of Epirus and later the Roman Empire. The Battle of Actium took place in the area in 31 BC, following which the city of Nicopolis ("city of victory") was built by Augustus. The area became part of the Byzantine Empire, and following the Fourth Crusade, split off along with the rest of Epirus to form the Despotate of Epirus. The area passed to Ottoman rule in the 14th century, which lasted until 1913. Following the Balkan Wars, the area was awarded to Greece in 1913, at which point the prefecture was created. The prefecture included the island of Lefkada, until the latter was split off in 1955 as a separate prefecture Lefkada.

Sights[edit]

The ruins of the ancient cities of Nicopolis and Cassope, and the Necromanteion lie in the prefecture. Zalongo is a mountain village, known for its monastery. Parga is a historic port town and a resort.

Transport[edit]

The Aktio-Preveza Undersea Tunnel, which runs underneath the Ambracian Gulf, connects Preveza with Aetolia-Acarnania to the south.

Persons[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]