Prima is a family of railway diesel and electric locomotives built by Alstom. Manufacturing began in the late 1990s, and by 2008 Alstom had sold 1750 Prima locomotives. The second generation Prima II was launched in 2009.
- Electric locomotives
- SNCF Class BB 27000
- SNCF Class BB 27300
- SNCF Class BB 37000
- SNCF Class BB 47000
- Prima Class E 37500
- China Railways HXD2
- Diesel locomotives
The locomotives are designed to be modular and reconfigurable to customers requirements throughout their lifetimes. Electric versions can work with up to four different overhead line voltages; 1.5 and 3 kV DC, and 15 and 25 kV AC, with power ratings of up to 6.4 MW (8,600 hp), and operating speeds of 140 to 200 km/h (87 to 124 mph). The design also allows for broader gauge versions with Russia, and India as well as Finland being seen by Alstom as potential markets. A diesel version is also planned in the long term.
Compatibility with the ERTMS signalling system for European cross border operations is also a feature.
The first order for the second generation Prima II came from Morocco's national railway ONCFM, with an order in November 2007 for twenty electric locomotives. These are due to be delivered in the second half of 2009 for entry into passenger and freight service in 2010. The Moroccan locomotives are to be initially delivered for 3 kV DC operation, with the potential to install a transformer and other electrical equipment for 25 kV AC operation at a later date when Moroccan electrification upgrade schemes take place.
- Prima II
- ONCFM (Morocco)
- "Prima II prototype rolled out by Alstom". Railway Gazette International. 2009-06-03.
- "Prima II design unveiled by Alstom". Railway Gazette International. 2008-05-23.
- Alstom unveils the Prima II prototype, its new generation locomotive alstom.com 3/6/2009
- Between 4.2 and 6.4 MW (5,600 and 8,600 hp) for 4 axle version depending on supply voltage
- 140 km/h (87 mph) for freight,200 km/h (120 mph) for passenger version - a change of bogies is required for conversion between passenger and freight versions Press release poster image alstom.com
- Prima goes modular to tap new markets railwaygazette.com 10/7/2008 Laurent Charlier
- Prima II 'Borderless Efficiency' alstom.com press release technical sheet.
- Locomotive Bogie classification system CoCo and BoBo Technical sheet with special reference to Prima CoCo and BoBo models alstom.com
- Prima II official site (English) flash presentation, alstom.com
- Пополнение парка грузовых локомотивов железных дорог Франции, Железные дороги мира (in Russian) (4), 2000
- Specification sheet for the ONCF E1400 Prima II locomotive; French