Primary Colors (film)
Promotional film poster
|Directed by||Mike Nichols|
|Produced by||Mike Nichols
|Screenplay by||Elaine May|
|Based on||Primary Colors
by Joe Klein
Billy Bob Thornton
|Music by||Ry Cooder|
|Edited by||Arthur Schmidt|
|Distributed by||Universal Studios|
Primary Colors is a 1998 comedy-drama film based on the novel Primary Colors: A Novel of Politics, a roman à clef about Bill Clinton's first presidential campaign in 1992, which originally had been published anonymously, but in 1996 was revealed to have been written by journalist Joe Klein, who had been covering Clinton's campaign for Newsweek. It was directed by Mike Nichols and starred John Travolta, Emma Thompson, Billy Bob Thornton, Kathy Bates, Maura Tierney, Larry Hagman, and Adrian Lester.
Young political idealist Henry Burton (Adrian Lester) is recruited to join the campaign of Jack Stanton (John Travolta), a charismatic, Southern governor -- the film implies he's from Tennessee -- who is trying to win the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States. Henry is impressed by Stanton's genuine warmth and empathy with people. He joins Stanton's inner circle of political advisers: Stanton's formidable wife, Susan Stanton (Emma Thompson); ruthless, redneck political strategist Richard Jemmons (Billy Bob Thornton); intelligent and attractive spokeswoman Daisy Green (Maura Tierney); and sly political operator Howard Ferguson (Paul Guilfoyle) as they journey to New Hampshire, the first state to hold a presidential primary.
After Stanton completes an impressive debate performance against his Democratic rivals, Henry’s ex-girlfriend shows up to question Stanton about his arrest during the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago. The team becomes worried that Stanton’s past indiscretions may be used against him by the press and his political opponents. They hire Jack and Susan's old friend, tough but unbalanced Libby Holden (Kathy Bates), to respond to any attacks designed to undermine Stanton's candidacy, as well as anticipate problems such as allegations about Stanton's notorious womanising. One of Stanton's mistresses, Cashmere McLeod (Gia Carides), produces secret taped conversations between them to prove they had an affair. Henry discovers that the tapes have been doctored, so Libby tracks down the man responsible for the tapes and forces him at gunpoint to confess his guilt in a signed letter to the American public.
The campaign is then rocked by a fresh allegation when Stanton's old friend, "Big Willie" McCullison (Tommy Hollis) approaches Henry to tell him that his 17-year-old daughter Loretta (who worked for the Stantons as a babysitter) is pregnant and that Stanton is the father. Henry and Howard tell Willie he must allow his daughter to undergo an amniocentesis to determine Stanton's paternity. Although they convince Willie to remain silent on the issue, Henry is nonetheless sickened and disillusioned with the experience.
Realising the campaign is falling behind in the polls, Stanton's team adopt a new strategy. Stanton begins going on the offensive by attacking his nearest rival, Senator Lawrence Harris (Kevin Cooney) for being insufficiently pro-Israel and for threatening to cut Medicare. Harris confronts Stanton during a radio debate but suffers a heart attack after the encounter. He subsequently withdraws from the race and is replaced by his friend, former Florida Governor Fred Picker (Larry Hagman). Picker's wholesome, straight-talking image proves an immediate threat to the campaign.
Henry and Libby decide to seek out information about Picker’s past. They discover from his brother-in-law, Eddie Reyes (Tony Shalhoub), that Picker had a cocaine addiction as Governor, which led to the disintegration of his first marriage. They also meet Lorenzo Delgado (John Vargas), with whom Picker had a homosexual affair. Not expecting the information to ever be used, Libby and Henry share their findings with Jack and Susan, but are dismayed when they both decide to leak the information to the press. Libby says that if Jack does so, she will reveal that he tampered with the results of the paternity test, proving that he slept with Willie's daughter. Libby commits suicide after she realizes she spent her life idealizing Jack and Susan only to learn how flawed they truly are. Racked with guilt over Libby's death, Stanton takes the incriminating information to Picker, and apologizes for seeking it out. Picker admits to his past indiscretions, and agrees to withdraw from the race and to endorse Stanton. Henry intends to quit the campaign, admitting he has become deeply disillusioned with the whole political process. Stanton begs Henry to reconsider, persuading him that the two of them can make history.
Months later, President Stanton is dancing at the Inaugural Ball with First Lady, Susan. He shakes the hands of all his campaign staff, the last of whom is Henry.
- John Travolta as Governor Jack Stanton
- Emma Thompson as Susan Stanton
- Billy Bob Thornton as Richard Jemmons
- Kathy Bates as Libby Holden
- Larry Hagman as Governor Fred Picker
- Adrian Lester as Henry Burton
- Stacy Edwards as Jennifer Rogers
- Maura Tierney as Daisy Green
- Diane Ladd as Mamma Stanton
- Paul Guilfoyle as Howard Ferguson
- Kevin Cooney as Senator Lawrence Harris
- Rebecca Walker as March Cunningham
- Caroline Aaron as Lucille Kaufman
- Tommy Hollis as William "Fat Willie" McCullison
- Rob Reiner as Izzy Rosenblatt
- Ben L. Jones as Arlen Sporken
- J. C. Quinn as Uncle Charlie
- Allison Janney as Miss Walsh
- Robert Klein as Norman Asher
- Mykelti Williamson as Dewayne Smith
- Geraldo Rivera as himself
- Charlie Rose as himself
- Larry King as himself
- Bill Maher as himself
- Sophia Choi as herself
- Chelcie Ross as Charlie Martin
- Tony Shalhoub as Eddie Reyes
- John Vargas as Lorenzo Delgado
- Gia Carides as Cashmere McLeod
|This section requires expansion. (May 2011)|
Following the publication of the book in 1996, director Mike Nichols paid more than $1 million for the screen rights.
Nichols was criticized for cutting an interracial love scene from the final version of the film. He responded that he had removed the scene because of unfavorable reactions from a preview audience.
The movie received a positive reception from critics. Variety's reviewer called it a "film à clef" and said that the American public was likely to accept it as a factual account because it so closely mirrored real life characters and events. The Los Angeles Times gave high marks to the movie, noting Travolta's close mirroring of Bill Clinton, but describing Thompson's character as actually not based on Hillary Clinton. Entertainment Weekly called Travolta "Clintonian". The Cincinnati Enquirer gave accolades to the character portrayals of Bill and Hillary Clinton. Syndicated reviewer Roger Ebert said the movie was "insightful and very wise about the realities of political life" and the Cincinnati Enquirer said the movie was a "nuanced dissection of how real American politics work".
In a negative review, Jeff Vice of The Deseret News wrote that the last half of the movie dragged, Travolta's performance seemed more like an impersonation than actual acting, the movie lacked subtlety or depth, and it was loaded with cheap and obvious jokes. Nevertheless, Vice wrote that "solid support is provided by Maura Tierney, Larry Hagman, and Stacy Edwards".
Primary Colors currently holds an 80% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 75 reviews.
|This section requires expansion. (December 2010)|
The film earned a disappointing box office gross, only taking $39,001,187 domestically and $13,089,000 in foreign markets, for a worldwide total gross of $52,090,187 against a budget of $65 million.
- David Lister (May 14, 1998). "Travolta reveals Clinton's prime sense of humour". Independent. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
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- "Primary Colors". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
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- Faye Fiore (March 2, 1998). "Just What He Didn't Need Right Now; Movies: Will 'Primary Colors,' a thinly veiled slice of presidential life, hurt or help Bill Clinton?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Columnist's Mea Culpa: I'm Anonymous, Doreen Carvajal, The New York Times, July 18, 1996
- Locke, Greg W. (26 August 2011). "The Top 25 Roles Bill Murray Didn’t Take". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Richard K. Thompson (April 1996). "Primary Colors: A Nover of Politics". Contemporary Review. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
- Mark Saylor (May 16, 1998). "With Its American Themes, Can 'Primary Colors' Cash In Abroad?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Patrick Goldstein (March 15, 1998). "They All Have a Secret". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Richard Corliss and Jeffrey Ressner (March 16, 1998). "Cinema: True Colors". Time.
- Eric Pooley (March 16, 1998). "Cinema: Tale Of Two Bills". Time. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Todd McCarthy (March 12, 1998). "Primary Colors". Variety. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Kenneth Turan (March 20, 1998). "Inspired Insinuation". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Lisa Schwarzbaum (March 27, 1998). "Primary Colors". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Margaret A. McGurk (1998 The Cincinnati Enquirer). "Primary by a landslide". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved January 24, 2011. Check date values in:
- Roger Ebert (March 20, 1998). "Primary Colors". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Jeff Vice (March 20, 1998). "Primary Colors". Deseret News. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Robin Rauzi (March 30, 1998). "'Grease' Beats 'Primary' but Doesn't Rock the Boat; Box office: Revived musical enjoys a $13-million opening, but Oscar-winner 'Titanic' is No. 1 for the 15th straight weekend.". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Robert W. Welkos (March 31, 1998). "Travolta Films Tail 'Titanic'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Billboard - 28 Mar 1998 - Page 55 "VARIOUS ARTISTS Music From The Motion Picture Soundtrack Primary Colors; Music By Ry Cooder"
- Holger Petersen - Talking Music - 2011 -Page 296 "Movie soundtracks, however, kept him creative, at home, and paying the bills. ... That led to Wim Wenders (Paris, Texas; Buena Vista Social Club), Louis Malle (Alamo Bay), and Mike Nichols (Primary Colors) asking him to soundtrack their films"
- Palmer, William J. (2009). "The American President". The Films of the Nineties: The Decade of Spin. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 84–92. ISBN 0-230-61344-6.
- Primary Colors at the Internet Movie Database
- Primary Colors at AllMovie
- Primary Colors at the TCM Movie Database
- Primary Colors at Rotten Tomatoes
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