Primary schools in Dacorum

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Dacorum within Hertfordshire

This article gives brief information on schools that cater for pupils up to the age of 11 in the Dacorum district of Hertfordshire, England. Most are county maintained primary schools, sometimes known as "junior mixed infant" (JMI). A small number are voluntary aided church schools or independent (fee-paying). The Local Education Authority is Hertfordshire County Council.[1]

Before the mid-20th century, the area contained a scattering of villages, with places such as Apsley, Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted and Tring on the Gade and Bulbourne rivers. During the 19th century a Church of England national school was established in each town and village, supplemented by non-denominational British schools in Apsley, Hemel Hempstead and Berkhamsted. After the Elementary Education Act 1870, the British schools and some of the national schools passed to the control of school boards, while the remaining national schools were aided.[2][3]

Schools across Hertfordshire were used as billets for soldiers during World War I, greatly disrupting their work.[4] The population of several of the smaller villages declined in the inter-war years, and the smaller schools were closed in the late 1930s. The post-war years saw rapid expansion of the towns, especially Hemel Hempstead, which was designated as one of the first new towns. Many new schools were built at this time.[2][3]

Hemel Hempstead[edit]

When school boards were abolished by the Education Act 1902, Hemel Hempstead was the only part of the county to exercise its right to act as an elementary education authority.[3][4]

The town was designated one of the first wave of new towns in 1947, leading to a rapid expansion the small market town that swallowed neighbouring villages such as Apsley, Boxmoor and Leverstock Green. Most of the primary schools in the town date from this time.[3]

Roman Catholic primary schools in the area serve as feeder schools to John F Kennedy Catholic School.

After a review of primary places in the town, the county council decided to amalgamate 3 pairs of schools in 2008.[5]

South-east[edit]

Name Faith Type Gov Opened Intake DCSF number Ofsted number Web Coordinates
Belswains Primary CY 1949 30 2466 117365 W 51°44′16″N 0°27′14″W / 51.7379°N 0.4540°W / 51.7379; -0.4540 (Belswains Primary School)
Chambersbury Primary CY 1954 30 2210 117214 W 51°44′20″N 0°26′40″W / 51.7389°N 0.4444°W / 51.7389; -0.4444 (Chambersbury Primary School)
Hobbs Hill Wood Primary CY 1953 60 2469 117368 W 51°44′37″N 0°26′36″W / 51.7437°N 0.4432°W / 51.7437; -0.4432 (Hobbs Hill Wood Primary School)
Leverstock Green CE Primary VC 1931 30 3054 117416 W 51°45′01″N 0°25′45″W / 51.7503°N 0.4291°W / 51.7503; -0.4291 (Leverstock Green Church of England Primary School)
Lime Walk Primary CY 30 2422 117333 W 51°44′42″N 0°27′21″W / 51.7451°N 0.4558°W / 51.7451; -0.4558 (Lime Walk Primary School)
Nash Mills CE Primary VA 1847 30 3302 117418 W 51°43′55″N 0°27′14″W / 51.7319°N 0.4539°W / 51.7319; -0.4539 (Nash Mills C of E Primary School)
Reddings Primary CY 30 2251 117234 W 51°44′42″N 0°27′05″W / 51.7450°N 0.4514°W / 51.7450; -0.4514 (The Reddings Primary & Nursery School)
St Albert the Great RC Primary VA 30 3391 117471 W 51°44′50″N 0°26′46″W / 51.7471°N 0.4460°W / 51.7471; -0.4460 (St Albert the Great Catholic Primary School)
Tudor Primary CY 30 2045 117109 W 51°44′46″N 0°27′49″W / 51.7462°N 0.4635°W / 51.7462; -0.4635 (Tudor Primary School)
Two Waters Primary CY c. 1850 30 2044 117108 W 51°44′00″N 0°28′17″W / 51.7334°N 0.4714°W / 51.7334; -0.4714 (Two Waters Primary School)
Woodfield Special CY 7025 117682 W 51°44′43″N 0°26′07″W / 51.7452°N 0.4352°W / 51.7452; -0.4352 (Woodfield School)

In the 19th century this area contained a number of mill towns along the River Gade. Nash Mills C of E Primary School was founded in 1847 by John Dickinson, who owned the local paper mills. The original flint built buildings still stand on Belswains Lane, adjacent to the modern site. Little is known about the school's early years; the early records may have been destroyed when the mill's offices were bombed during World War II. The earliest written record of the School is dated 1871.[3][6]

Two Waters Primary School was originally a British school, founded by Non-conformists in the mid-19th century and was subsequently moved to the northern edge of Apsley, at the confluence of the Gade and River Bulbourne in March 1869. It was transferred to the local school board in 1870 and the school expanded into new buildings in 1878. A new school was built in 1913. It serves the Apsley district of Hemel Hempstead and is sited on the edge of the Manor Estate, on the southern edge of the town, where it was relocated in June 1976.[3][7]

In the 1920s, part of the school was a selective central school. In World War II, evacuees from the cities increased the school roll and a double shift system was introduced to manage the numbers in the existing space. In 1941, Two Waters School absorbed the pupils of Wordsworth Junior Infants School from London.[3][7][8]

Another early school was Apsley Manor School, which operated on Thorpe Street (now Avia Close) from 1857 until it was replaced by Belswains Primary School in 1949.[2]

Chambersbury Primary School is located off Hill Common and also borders on Chambersbury Lane. The larger site includes Longdean School and Hobbs Hill Primary, but fencing has been installed to define each school's site and to deter use as a throughway. It serves part of the Bennetts End district of Hemel Hempstead.

Hobbs Hill Wood Primary School was completed in 1953 and was named after the woods that pre-dated the New Town. It serves North End Farm and parts of Bennetts End and Leverstock Green.

Woodfield School is a school for children with severe learning difficulties. It is sited in Leverstock Green and caters for all ages, including the primary age range.

North-east[edit]

Name Faith Type Gov Opened Intake DCSF number Ofsted number Web Coordinates
Aycliffe Drive Primary CY 45 2426 117335 W 51°46′17″N 0°27′31″W / 51.7715°N 0.4586°W / 51.7715; -0.4586 (Aycliffe Drive Primary School)
Broadfield Primary CY 1955 60 3991 135339 W 51°45′15″N 0°27′27″W / 51.7541°N 0.4574°W / 51.7541; -0.4574 (Broadfield Primary School)
Brockswood Primary CY 1978 30 2448 117349 W 51°46′49″N 0°26′08″W / 51.7803°N 0.4356°W / 51.7803; -0.4356 (Brockswood Primary School)
George Street Primary CY 1855 30 2040 117106 W 51°45′33″N 0°28′07″W / 51.7591°N 0.4685°W / 51.7591; -0.4685 (George Street Primary School)
Hammond Primary CY 30 2337 117282 W 51°46′09″N 0°27′19″W / 51.7691°N 0.4553°W / 51.7691; -0.4553 (Hammond Primary School)
Haywood Grove Special CY 1996 7047 131319 W 51°46′32″N 0°27′00″W / 51.7756°N 0.4501°W / 51.7756; -0.4501 (Haywood Grove School)
Hobletts Manor Infant CY 1952 60 2184 117197 W 51°45′32″N 0°26′54″W / 51.7589°N 0.4483°W / 51.7589; -0.4483 (Hobletts Manor Infants' & Nursery School)
Junior 2023 117097 W 51°45′31″N 0°26′59″W / 51.7586°N 0.4496°W / 51.7586; -0.4496 (Hobletts Manor Junior School)
Holtsmere End Infant CY 1981 60 2995 117377 W 51°46′36″N 0°26′29″W / 51.7766°N 0.4415°W / 51.7766; -0.4415 (Holtsmere End Infant and Nursery School)
Junior 1976 2427 117336 W 51°46′38″N 0°26′30″W / 51.7772°N 0.4418°W / 51.7772; -0.4418 (Holtsmere End Junior School)
Maple Grove Primary CY 2008 30 3987 135221 W 51°46′30″N 0°26′59″W / 51.7750°N 0.4498°W / 51.7750; -0.4498 (Maple Grove Primary School)
Yewtree Primary CY 2008 60 3988 135222 W 51°45′51″N 0°27′36″W / 51.7641°N 0.4601°W / 51.7641; -0.4601 (Yewtree Primary School)

There was a national school in the old town at least as early as 1932, rebuilt on George Street in 1855. In 1878 the infants department moved to Queen Street. The two schools were reunited as George Street Primary School in new building in 1969.[3][8] There were also British schools in Marlowes from the 1830s until the late 19th century.[3][8]

In 2007, Brockswood Primary School was one of four primary schools in England that were implicated in malpractice in the National Curriculum assessment tests taken by 11-year-olds. As a result, it was stripped of results in English, maths and science.[9]

Broadfield Primary School was opened in January 2008 as the result of a voluntary amalgamation of the previous Infant and Junior Schools which originally opened in 1955.[10]

In a re-organisation in 2008, Yewtree Primary School was formed from the amalgamation of Jupiter Drive and Bellgate Primary Schools on the Bellgate site. At the same time, Maple Grove Primary School was formed from the amalgamation of Barncroft and Eastbrook schools in the former Eastbrook Junior School site.[5] The former Eastbrook Infants building is now occupied by Haywood Grove School, a special school for primary aged pupils with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties.

West[edit]

Name Faith Type Gov Opened Intake DCSF number Ofsted number Web Coordinates
Boxmoor Primary CY 1842 30 2041 117107 W 51°44′57″N 0°29′19″W / 51.7493°N 0.4885°W / 51.7493; -0.4885 (Boxmoor Primary School)
Chaulden Infants CY 50 2193 117202 W 51°45′04″N 0°29′59″W / 51.7511°N 0.4998°W / 51.7511; -0.4998 (Chaulden Infants' and Nursery School)
Junior 60 2185 117198 W 51°45′02″N 0°30′01″W / 51.7506°N 0.5003°W / 51.7506; -0.5003 (Chaulden Junior School)
Gade Valley JMI CY 1962 30 2274 117249 W 51°45′30″N 0°28′54″W / 51.7584°N 0.4816°W / 51.7584; -0.4816 (Gade Valley JMI and Nursery School)
Galley Hill Primary CY 2008 45 3990 135224 W 51°45′50″N 0°29′24″W / 51.7638°N 0.4900°W / 51.7638; -0.4900 (Galley Hill Primary School)
Heath Lane Nursery CY 1942 80 1009 117070 W 51°45′02″N 0°28′41″W / 51.7506°N 0.4780°W / 51.7506; -0.4780 (Heath Lane Nursery School)
Micklem Primary CY 30 2243 117231 W 51°45′27″N 0°29′36″W / 51.7574°N 0.4934°W / 51.7574; -0.4934 (Micklem Primary School)
Pixies Hill Primary CY 30 2293 117256 W 51°44′55″N 0°30′04″W / 51.7486°N 0.5010°W / 51.7486; -0.5010 (Pixies Hill Primary School)
St Cuthbert Mayne RC Junior VA 1958 60 3386 117468 W 51°45′34″N 0°28′57″W / 51.7595°N 0.4825°W / 51.7595; -0.4825 (St Cuthbert Mayne RC Junior School)
St Rose's RC Infants VA 1967 60 3409 117484 W 51°44′50″N 0°29′34″W / 51.7473°N 0.4928°W / 51.7473; -0.4928 (St Rose's Church of England Infants' School and Nursery)
South Hill Primary CY 1951 30 2047 117110 W 51°44′59″N 0°28′38″W / 51.7496°N 0.4772°W / 51.7496; -0.4772 (South Hill Primary School)

The original school in Boxmoor was St John's national school, split between sites on Cowper Road and St John's Road. The school later passed to board control, and became Boxmoor Primary School. It moved into new buildings in 1974.[2][11]

Gade Valley JMI and Nursery School came into existence in 1982 when the previously separate Infant Junior schools merged. The school is sited on the boundary of the Gadebridge and Hammerfield districts in the north of the town.

In a re-organisation in 2008, Galley Hill Primary School was formed from the amalgamation of Martindale and Rossgate Primary Schools on the Rossgate site.[5]

Berkhamsted[edit]

As an exception within the district, in Berkhamsted there operates a three-tier school system, comprising 6 first schools (ages 5–9), 2 middle schools (9–13) and an upper school (Ashlyns School). The middle schools are classed as secondary schools for statistical purposes.

Name Faith Type Gov Opened Intake DCSF number Ofsted number Web Coordinates
Bridgewater Middle CY 1972 95 4144 117541 W 51°46′15″N 0°34′30″W / 51.7708°N 0.5751°W / 51.7708; -0.5751 (Bridgewater School)
Greenway First CY 1966 60 2326 117276 W 51°45′30″N 0°34′53″W / 51.7582°N 0.5813°W / 51.7582; -0.5813 (Greenway First and Nursery School)
Potten End CE First VC 1856 30 3042 117414 W 51°46′13″N 0°31′36″W / 51.7703°N 0.5266°W / 51.7703; -0.5266 (Potten End C of E First School)
Northchurch St Mary's CE First VA 1864 30 3315 117424 W 51°46′13″N 0°35′22″W / 51.7702°N 0.5895°W / 51.7702; -0.5895 (St Mary's VA C of E First School)
St Thomas More RC Primary VA 1966 30 3402 117479 W 51°45′32″N 0°34′49″W / 51.7590°N 0.5804°W / 51.7590; -0.5804 (St Thomas More RC Primary School)
Swing Gate First CY 1968 30 2301 117260 W 51°45′26″N 0°33′18″W / 51.7571°N 0.5551°W / 51.7571; -0.5551 (Swing Gate First and Nursery School)
Thomas Coram CE Middle VA 1970 95 4627 117559 W 51°45′05″N 0°33′27″W / 51.7514°N 0.5575°W / 51.7514; -0.5575 (The Thomas Coram C of E VA School)
Victoria CE First VA 1897 42 3314 117423 W 51°45′33″N 0°33′53″W / 51.7592°N 0.5646°W / 51.7592; -0.5646 (Victoria C of E First School)
Westfield First CY 1962 30 2288 117254 W 51°45′59″N 0°35′06″W / 51.7664°N 0.5851°W / 51.7664; -0.5851 (Westfield First School)

A British school was established on the corner of Park View Road in 1834, becoming a board school in 1870 and renamed Park View School in 1948. It closed in 1971.[12]

A national school was built in 1838 behind the courthouse, expanding to Gossoms End in 1844. The boys and girls schools moved to the new Victoria schools in 1898 and 1903 respectively. In 1945 these schools were reorganised as a mixed junior schoor and a secondary modern school (closed in 1951).[12]

St Mary's VA C of E First School, Northchurch

St Mary's VA C of E First School was founded in 1864 as a national school in the Northchurch part of Berkhamsted. The original building with its Victorian stained glass window remains in use for communal purposes with modern classrooms added in the 1960s. The school field borders the Grand Union Canal and encloses a section of the River Bulbourne.[2]

In 1970 the town adopted the three-tier system, converting the existing primary schools to first schools and building three new middle schools. Two of these, Augustus Smith Middle School and Thomas Bourne Middle School, amalgamated in 1988 on the Augustus Smith site as Thomas Coram Middle School. The former Thomas Bourne building was purchased by Egerton Rothesay School.[12]

St Thomas More RC Primary School, situated in the Shootersway district adjacent to Greenway First and Nursery School, serves the parishes of Berkhamsted and Tring. It has just over 200 pupils and covers the full primary school age range.

Tring[edit]

Name Faith Type Gov Opened Intake DCSF number Ofsted number Web Coordinates
Bishop Wood CE Junior VA 1842 60 3371 117458 W 51°47′39″N 0°39′51″W / 51.7942°N 0.6641°W / 51.7942; -0.6641 (Bishop Wood C of E Junior School)
Dundale Primary CY 1968 30 2343 117286 W 51°47′59″N 0°39′42″W / 51.7998°N 0.6618°W / 51.7998; -0.6618 (Dundale Primary & Nursery School)
Goldfield Infants CY 60 2322 117274 W 51°47′39″N 0°40′07″W / 51.7941°N 0.6687°W / 51.7941; -0.6687 (Goldfield Infants' and Nursery School)
Grove Road Primary CY 1973 60 2436 117341 W 51°48′09″N 0°39′06″W / 51.8025°N 0.6518°W / 51.8025; -0.6518 (Grove Road Primary School)

Tring National School originally stood on Aylesbury Road in the middle of Tring, on the current site of Tring Library. In the 1930s the junior and secondary departments were re-organised as separate schools, though still occupying the same building. The senior school moved to the top of Mortimer Hill in 1956 as Tring School, while the junior school became Bishop Wood C of E Junior School.[2][13][14]

Villages[edit]

Name Faith Type Gov Opened Intake DCSF number Ofsted number Web Coordinates
Aldbury CE Primary VC 1856 10 3000 117382 W 51°48′10″N 0°36′13″W / 51.8029°N 0.6035°W / 51.8029; -0.6035 (Aldbury C of E Primary School)
Bovingdon Primary CY 1927 60 2003 131188 W 51°43′23″N 0°31′54″W / 51.7231°N 0.5317°W / 51.7231; -0.5317 (Bovingdon Primary School)
Flamstead Primary CY 1867 15 2031 117100 W 51°49′00″N 0°26′10″W / 51.8168°N 0.4362°W / 51.8168; -0.4362 (Flamstead Village School)
Gaddesden Row JMI CY 1876 8 2032 117101 W 51°48′21″N 0°28′42″W / 51.8058°N 0.4783°W / 51.8058; -0.4783 (Gaddesden Row JMI School)
Great Gaddesden CE Primary VA 1855 12 3335 117433 W 51°47′26″N 0°30′32″W / 51.7905°N 0.5088°W / 51.7905; -0.5088 (Great Gaddesden C of E Primary School)
Kings Langley Primary CY 1838 60 2338 117283 W 51°43′03″N 0°27′23″W / 51.7174°N 0.4564°W / 51.7174; -0.4564 (Kings Langley Primary School)
Little Gaddesden CE Primary VA 1854 15 3352 117443 W 51°48′41″N 0°33′38″W / 51.8114°N 0.5605°W / 51.8114; -0.5605 (Little Gaddesden CE Voluntary Aided Primary School)
Long Marston CE Primary VA 1951 20 3373 117459 W 51°49′56″N 0°41′58″W / 51.8323°N 0.6994°W / 51.8323; -0.6994 (Long Marston Voluntary Aided C of E Primary School)
Markyate Primary CY 30 2074 117127 W 51°50′16″N 0°28′02″W / 51.8377°N 0.4672°W / 51.8377; -0.4672 (Markyate Village School & Nursery)
St Bartholomew's, Wigginton CE Primary VA 1854 15 3380 117463 W 51°46′56″N 0°38′37″W / 51.7823°N 0.6435°W / 51.7823; -0.6435 (St Bartholomew's C of E VA Primary School)
St Paul's, Chipperfield CE Primary VA c. 1840 30 3349 117441 W 51°42′13″N 0°29′35″W / 51.7037°N 0.4930°W / 51.7037; -0.4930 (St Paul's VA C of E Primary School, Chipperfield)

Gaddesden Row JMI School was established in 1876 to meet obligations imposed on the community by the Education Act 1876. Hertfordshire County Council acquired the property in 1957 and improved it, creating a modern two-room school in unspoilt farmland. The only surviving part of the original school is now offices for the Headteacher and Secretary. In 2001 a new kitchen replaced the old one and a third classroom was added.[15]

Little Gaddesden CE Voluntary Aided Primary School was initially held in a large room at the Bridgewater Arms, moving to a new building in 1858.[2]

The original Kings Langley School was built by John Dickinson in School Lane. The building is now The Cloisters. It was replaced by Kings Langley Primary School and Kings Langley School, the local secondary school, in 1987.[2]

Long Marston Voluntary Aided C of E Primary School was rebuilt in 1951 after the original building was destroyed by a bomb in World War II.[16]

Old School Cottages, Chipperfield

St Bartholomew's C of E VA Primary School, located in Wigginton, was founded in 1854 by the local vicar, the Reverend Gaisford, to provide children within the parish with full-time education. It was originally a plaiting school where children made straw plaits for the Luton hat industry. The present school building was dedicated on 15 March 1969 by the Bishop of St Albans, the Right Reverend Michael Gresford-Jones.[2][17]

St Paul's VA C of E Primary School is centrally sited in Chipperfield, close to the church and village green. In 1973 the school moved from flint cottages opposite the church to a new building with an unusual circular plan.[18]

Independent schools[edit]

A number of independent schools in the area also take children of primary age.

Abbot's Hill School is an independent school that caters for girls up to GCSE age. There are around 480 pupils. The School was founded in 1912, and is situated in John Dickinson's house in 76 acres (31 ha) of parkland on the southern edge of Hemel Hempstead.[19]

Lockers Park School, situated between Hammerfield and the centre of Hemel Hempstead, is a day and boarding school accommodating boys up to age 13. It was founded in 1874 by Henry Montagu Draper to prepare boys for Rugby School, and is thus one of the earliest purpose-built preparatory schools in England.[20]

The Arts Educational School is an independent day and boarding school with about 275 pupils at Tring Park. The school includes a preparatory department taking pupils from age 8. The school provides vocational training in dance, drama and musical theatre as well as a secondary level academic curriculum.[21]

The Rudolf Steiner School Kings Langley is an independent school that caters for children up to age 19, including those of primary school age. It was opened in 1949 and is one of the oldest Rudolf Steiner Schools in the UK.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herts CC - Schools in the Dacorum area
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hastie, Scott (1996). A Hertfordshire Valley. Kings Langley: Alpine Press. ISBN 0-9528631-0-3. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yaxley, Susan, ed. (1973). History of Hemel Hempstead. Rickmansworth: Amplion Press. ISBN 0-9502743-0-5. 
  4. ^ a b Parker, David (2007). Hertfordshire Children in War and Peace 1914–1939. University of Hertfordshire Press. ISBN 978-1-905313-40-2. 
  5. ^ a b c "Primary Capital Programme: Strategy for Change". Hertfordshire County Council. 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  6. ^ History of Our School, Nash Mills C of E Primary School.
  7. ^ a b History, Two Waters Primary School.
  8. ^ a b c Shipman, Cathy; Jackson, Don (1996). Dacorum – within Living Memory. Watford: Pageprint. 
  9. ^ Cassidy, Sarah (2007-12-06). "Schools 'driven to cheat by pressure of tests'". The Independent. 
  10. ^ "Prospectus". Broadfield Primary School. 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-23. [dead link]
  11. ^ Prospectus, Boxmoor Primary School.
  12. ^ a b c Hastie, Scott (1999). Berkamsted: An Illustrated History. Kings Langley: Alpine Press. ISBN 0-9528631-1-1. 
  13. ^ "About Our School – History". Bishop Wood School. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  14. ^ "The School". Tring School. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  15. ^ Our School History, Gaddesden Row JMI School.
  16. ^ Long Marston School Prospectus.
  17. ^ About Us, St Bartholomew's C of E Primary School.
  18. ^ About Our School, St Paul's VA C of E Primary School.
  19. ^ Abbot's Hill school website
  20. ^ Lockers Park School website
  21. ^ Arts Educational School school website
  22. ^ Rudolf Steiner school website