Primates described in the 2000s
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This page is a list of species of the order Primates described in the 2000s.
- Rio Acari marmoset (Callithrix acariensis) and Manicore marmoset (C. manicorensis) were two new species of marmoset discovered in Brazil in 2000.
- The Sambirano mouse lemur (Microcebus sambiranensis), Madame Berthe's mouse lemur (M. berthae) and northern rufous mouse lemur (M. tavaratra) were three species of tiny lemur discovered in Madagascar in 2000.
- In 2001 several new species of dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus) were named, including the furry-eared dwarf lemur (C. crossleyi), lesser iron-gray dwarf lemur (C. minusculus), and Sibree's dwarf lemur (C.sibreei). However, the southern fat-tailed dwarf lemur (C. adipicaudatus) was later deemed synonymous with the fat-tailed dwarf lemur (C. medius), and the greater iron-gray dwarf lemur (C. ravus) was synonymous with the greater dwarf lemur (C. major)
- Prince Bernhard's titi (Callicebus bernhardi) and Stephen Nash's titi (Callicebus stephennashi) were two new species of titi discovered in Brazil in 2002.
- The Arunachal macaque (Macaca munzala), discovered in India in 2004. Known to the locals as Munzala, it is thought to be most closely related to the Assam macaque and Tibetan macaque, and is the first macaque species to be discovered since 1908.
- Kipunji, or highland mangabey, (Rungwecebus kipunji), discovered in Tanzania in 2005. Originally grouped within the genus Lophocebus, the distinctive monkey with mohawk-style hair was declared as a member of a new genus in 2006.
- In 2005 a new species of woolly lemur, or avahi, which was discovered in the 1990s, was named Bemaraha woolly lemur (Avahi cleesei), after the British comedian John Cleese.
- The GoldenPalace.com monkey (Callicebus aureipalatii), a type of titi from Bolivia, was so named following a charity auction held in 2005 to name the species. The auction was won by online casino Goldenpalace.com, which bid $650,000 to name the monkey (aureipalatii is Latin for 'of the Golden Palace'). The money went towards maintaining the monkeys' home, the Madidi National Park.
- Goodman's mouse lemur (Microcebus lehilahytsara), discovered in Madagascar and presented in 2005. The northern giant mouse lemur (Mirza zaza), was also discovered to be a distinct species to Coquerel's giant mouse lemur (Mirza coquereli), and announced at the same time.
- The blond capuchin (Cebus queirozi) was discovered near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2006. Some suspect that rather than a new species, however, it is a rediscovery of a monkey named Simia flavia, known only from a drawing by German taxonomist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber.
- In 2006, researchers announced three new species of sportive lemur have been identified. Genetic tests revealed the red-tailed sportive lemur (Lepilemur ruficaudatus) is in fact three separate species, and the gray-backed sportive lemur (Lepilemur dorsalis) was split into two. The lemurs show no obvious morphological differences, but are in communities separated geographically by rivers.
- "New monkey species discovered". BBC News. 2000-04-23. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- "New lemurs found in Madagascar". BBC News. 2005-08-09. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- Shuker, K. "More lemurs". Fortean Times (146): 20.
- Groeneveld, L.F.; Weisrock, D.W.; Rasoloarison, R.M.; Yoder, A.D.; Kappeler, P.M. (2009). "Species delimitation in lemurs: multiple genetic loci reveal low levels of species diversity in the genus Cheirogaleus" (PDF). BMC Evolutionary Biology 9 (30). doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-30. PMC 2652444. PMID 19193227.
- "Two new monkey species found in Brazil". BBC News. 2002-06-25. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- "Scientists find new Indian monkey". BBC News. 2004-12-16. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- "Tanzanian monkey goes up a notch". BBC News. 2006-05-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- "Endangered lemurs get Fawlty name". BBC News. 2005-11-11. Retrieved 2006-05-16.
- "Internet casino buys monkey naming rights". MSNBC. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- "Scientists Claim New Monkey Species Found". ABC. Retrieved 2006-05-26.[dead link]
- "Three new species of lemurs identified". EurekAlert. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- "New monkey species is already endangered". New Scientist. 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2008-01-19.