Prime Minister of Abkhazia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prime Minister of the Republic of Abkhazia
Coat of arms of Abkhazia.svg
Beslan Butba

since 29 September 2014
Inaugural holder Gennady Gagulia
Formation 26 November 1994
Coat of arms of Abkhazia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
See also

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Abkhazia is responsible for directing day-to-day government.[citation needed]


While the Presidency was filled by one man - Vladislav Ardzinba - from 1994 to 2005, the position of Prime Minister changed hands a number of times during that time. It was created with the November 1994 adoption of the Constitution of Abkhazia, although Gennady Gagulia became the first Prime Minister only in January 1995.[citation needed]


After Sergei Bagapsh succeeded Ardzinba to the Presidency in February 2005, he appointed Alexander Ankvab as Prime Minister. Ankvab was Bagapsh's Vice Presidential candidate in the 12 December 2009 presidential election,[1] and as required by law, he was officially suspended from his post on 11 November and his duties were carried out by First Vice Premier Leonid Lakerbaia.[2] Bagapsh and Ankvab won the election, and on 13 February 2010, Ankvab was succeeded by long-time Minister for Foreign Affairs Sergei Shamba.[3]

After Alexander Ankvab defeated Sergei Shamba in the 2011 Presidential election, Leonid Lakerbaia became Prime Minister.

On 2 June 2014, Lakerbaia resigned as a result of the 2014 Abkhazian political crisis and Vice Premier Vladimir Delba was appointed acting Prime Minister.[4]

The election to succeed Alexander Ankvab as President was won by opposition leader Raul Khajimba, who on 29 September 2014 appointed Beslan Butba as the new Prime Minister.[5]

List of Prime Ministers of Abkhazia[edit]

# Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Gennady Gagulia
(1st time)
January 1995 29 April 1997 (None)
2 Sergei Bagapsh 29 April 1997 December 1999 (None)
3 Viacheslav Tsugba 30 December 1999 30 May 2001 (None)
4 Anri Jergenia 7 June 2001 29 November 2002 (None)
5 Gennady Gagulia
(2nd time)
29 November 2002 8 April 2003 (None)
6 Raul Khajimba 22 April 2003 6 October 2004 (None)
7 Nodar Khashba 6 October 2004 14 February 2005 United Abkhazia
8 Alexander Ankvab 14 February 2005 13 February 2010 Aitaira
9 Sergei Shamba 13 February 2010 27 September 2011 Social-Democratic Party of Abkhazia
10 Leonid Lakerbaia 27 September 2011 2 June 2014 Aitaira
Vladimir Delba
2 June 2014 29 September 2014 (None)
11 Beslan Butba 29 September 2014 Incumbent Party for the Economic Development of Abkhazia

See also[edit]