Prime Minister of Azerbaijan

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Prime Minister of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
Dmitry Medvedev in Azerbaijan 3 July 2008-1.jpg
Incumbent
Artur Rasizade

since 4 November 2003
Appointer Ilham Aliyev,
as President of Azerbaijan
Inaugural holder Hasan Hasanov
Formation 7 February 1991
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Azerbaijan
See also

The Prime Minister of Azerbaijan is the head of government of Azerbaijan. The current prime minister is Artur Rasizade.

Due to the central role of the President of Russia in the political system, the activities of the executive branch (including the Prime Minister) are significantly influenced by the head of state (for example, it is the President who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Government; the President may chair the meetings of the cabinet and give obligatory orders to the Prime Minister and other members of the Government, the President may also revoke any act of the Government).

Historical background[edit]

In the era of the Soviet Union, the head of government was the Chairman of Council of People's Commissars (until 1946) and the Chairman of the Council of Ministers (after 1946). People who held those positions are sometimes referred to as the prime ministers. They may have also been referred to as Premier of Ministers, or simply premier.

Succession of the presidency[edit]

In case of the President's death, resignation or impeachment, the Prime Minister becomes a temporary president until new presidential elections which must take place within three months. The Prime Minister acting as president may not dissolve the National Assembly, announce a referendum or propose amendments to the Constitution.

List of Heads of Government of Azerbaijan (1918–present)[edit]

Colour key
(for political parties)

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918–1920)[edit]

Prime Ministers[edit]

President Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Khoysky.jpeg Fatali Khan Khoyski
Fətəli-xan Xoyski
(1875–1920)
28 May 1918 14 April 1919 321 Independent
1. Rasulzade I 1918 [1]
Won the Battle of Baku; removed the Centrocaspian Dictatorship from power in Baku; established a multi-party system; established of postal system of Azerbaijan; founded Azerbaijani manat; established Azerbaijani language in all schools and colleges.
2 Nesib bey Yusifbeyli (Mucadile. Birinci Hisse. Istiqlalin Beshiyi (2006)).JPG Nasib Yusifbeyli
Nəsib Yusifbəyli
(1881–1920)
28 May 1919 30 March 1920 307 Musavat
2. Topchubashov I 1919 [2]
Established diplomatic ties between Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and Western world.
Mammad Hasan Hajinski.jpg Mammad Hasan Hajinski (Acting)
Məmməd Hacınski
(1875–1931)
30 March 1920 28 April 1920 29 Musavat
1920 [2]
Failed to slow down the advance of 11th Red Army on Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936) and Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)[edit]

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars[edit]

Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Portrait photo of Nariman Narimanov taken in 1913.jpg Nariman Narimanov
Nəriman Nərimanov
(1870–1925)
28 April 1920 6 May 1922 738 Communist
(Bolsheviks)
1. Hüseynov I [3]
Tried to promote anticolonial program leading to native rule than to a means for the dominance of an industrial proletariat, which refused by Kremlin.
2 Azerbaijani students in Kyiv, 1913.jpg Gazanfar Musabekov
Qəzənfər Musabəyov
(1888–1938)
6 May 1922 14 March 1930 2869 Communist
2. Kirov I [4]
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
3 Dadash Bunyadzade
Dadaş Bünyadzadə
(1888–1938)
14 March 1930 23 October 1932 954 Communist
3. Polonski I
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
4 Mir Jafar Baghirov.jpg Mir Jafar Baghirov
Mir Cəfər Bağırov
(1896–1956)
23 October 1932 12 December 1933 415 Communist
4. Polonski I [5]
Followed Stalin's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
5 Huseyn Rahmanov
Hüseyn Rəhmanov
(1902–1937)
12 December 1933 22 August 1937 1349 Communist
5. Bağırov I [6]
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
6 Teymur Guliyev
Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
13 November 1937 28 March 1946 3057 Communist
6. Bağırov I [7]
Followed Mir Jafar Baghirov's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Teymur Guliyev
Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
28 March 1946 6 April 1953 2566 Communist
1. Bağırov I [8]
2 Mir Jafar Baghirov.jpg Mir Jafar Baghirov
Mir Cəfər Bağırov
(1896–1956)
6 April 1953 20 July 1953 105 Communist
2. Yaqubov I [8]
Followed Stalin's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
3 Teymur Guliyev
Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
20 July 1953 1 March 1954 224 Communist
3. Yaqubov I [8]
Expelled from Communist Party of Azerbaijan for gross violations of social legitimacy and actively promoting crimes of Mir Jafar Baghirov.
4 Sadig Rahimov
Sadıq Rəhimov
(1914–1975)
1 March 1954 8 July 1958 1590 Communist
4. Mustafayev I [9]
Restored Azerbaijani language as the official language of the Azerbaijan SSR.
5 Vali Akhundov
Vəli Axundov
(1916–1986)
8 July 1958 10 July 1959 1828 Communist
5. Mustafayev I [10]
6 Mammad Isgandarov
Məmməd İsgəndərov
(1915–1985)
10 July 1959 29 December 1961 903 Communist
6. Axundov I [8]
7 Anvar Alikhanov
Ənvər Əlixanov
(1917–1992)
29 December 1961 10 April 1970 3024 Communist
7. Axundov I [8]
8 Ali Ibrahimov
Əli İbrahimov
(1913–1985)
10 April 1970 22 January 1981 3920 Communist
8. H.Əliyev I [8]
Temporarily improved economic conditions and promoted alternative industries to the declining oil industry.
9 Hasan Sayidov
Həsən Seyidov
(1932–2004)
22 January 1981 27 January 1989 2927 Communist
9. H.Əliyev I [8]
10 Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg Ayaz Mutallibov
Ayaz Mütəllibov
(1938–)
27 January 1989 26 January 1990 364 Communist
10. Vəzirov I [11]
Black January.
11 Złożenie listów uwierzytelniających przez ambasadora Azerbejdżanu (1).jpg Hasan Hasanov
Həsən Həsənov
(1940–)
26 January 1990 7 February 1991 377 Communist
11. Mütəllibov I [12]

Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)[edit]

Prime Ministers[edit]

Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Złożenie listów uwierzytelniających przez ambasadora Azerbejdżanu (1).jpg Hasan Hasanov
Həsən Həsənov
(1940–)
7 February 1991 4 April 1992 421 Independent
1. Mütəllibov I [13]
Made a deal with the Popular Front of Azerbaijan inviting them to form a coalition within the newly established government.
Firuz Mustafayev (Acting)
Firuz Mustafayev
(19??–????)
4 April 1992 14 May 1992 40 Independent
[14]
2 Rahim Huseynov
Rəhim Hüseynov
(1936–)
14 May 1992 30 January 1993 261 Independent
1. Mütəllibov I [15]
During his term in office, Gross national product fell by 20%.
Ali Masimov (Acting)
Əli Məsimov
(1953–)
5 February 1993 28 April 1993 82 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
1. Elçibəy I [16]
Authored the Azerbaijan Economic Progress Program and Main policies of Cabinet of Ministers program; Laid the foundation of Azerbaijan's Economic Independence Concepts and Agricultural Reforms Program; Established the Assistance Fund for Refugees and IDPs.
3 Panah Huseynov
Pənah Hüseynov
(1957–)
28 April 1993 30 June 1993 63 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
3. Elçibəy I [17]
4 Surat Huseynov
Surət Hüseynov
(1959–)
30 June 1993 7 October 1994 464 Military
4. H.Əliyev II
Attempted a coup d'état, supported by the military, against Heydar Aliyev, which was immediately suppressed.
5 Fuad Guliyev
Fuad Quliyev
(1941–)
7 October 1994 20 July 1996 652 New Azerbaijan Party
5. H.Əliyev II [18]
Declared Sumgait a free economic zone and signed a contract with foreign oil companies for exploration, development and production at Karabakh oil field.
6 W drugim dniu wizyty w Azerbejdżanie Prezydent Lech Kaczyński spotkał się z premierem Rasi-Zadem.jpg Artur Rasizade
Artur Rasi-zadə
(1935–)
20 July 1996 4 August 2003 2571 New Azerbaijan Party
6. H.Əliyev II
7 Ilham Aliyev par Claude Truong-Ngoc juin 2014.jpg Ilham Aliyev
İlham Əliyev
(1961–)
4 August 2003 4 November 2003 92 New Azerbaijan Party
7. H.Əliyev II
8 W drugim dniu wizyty w Azerbejdżanie Prezydent Lech Kaczyński spotkał się z premierem Rasi-Zadem.jpg Artur Rasizade
Artur Rasi-zadə
(1935–)
4 November 2003 Present 4064 New Azerbaijan Party
8. İ.Əliyev I

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fuad Akhundov (Spring 1998). "Alimardan Topchubashev - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1862-1934)". Azerbaijan International. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Ministry of Finance of Republic of Azerbaijan. History of the ministry". Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  3. ^ "Presidential Library. Nariman Narimanov". p. 72. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ "Gazanfar Mahmud-ogly Musabekov (Газанфар Махмуд-оглы Мусабеков)". www.archontology.org. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  5. ^ De Waal, Thomas (2003). Black garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through peace and war. New York and London: New York University. p. 138. ISBN 0-8147-1944-9. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Vaşinqton Post: “Şərqin İbn Sinası doğuldu”". bugun.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Mir Cəfər Bağırov və Teymur Quliyev". www.anl.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Азербайджанская ССР. datarule.narod.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Как это часто бывает, и коллеги были разные…. www.sultanov.azeriland.com (in Russian). Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  10. ^ Lewis Siegelbaum. "Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. 1973: Shakeup in the Republics". Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  11. ^ "Exiled Former President Returns To Azerbaijan For Son's Funeral". www.rferl.org. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. Hasan Hasanov". Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  13. ^ Goltz, Thomas (1998). Azerbaijan Diary: A Rogue Reporter's Adventures in an Oil-rich, War-torn, Post-Soviet Republic. M.E. Sharpe. p. 142. ISBN 978-0765602442. 
  14. ^ "Speech of Heydar Aliyev on social economic progress". Retrieved 2010-07-01. 
  15. ^ Dawisha, Karen; Parrott, Bruce (1994). Russia and the new states of Eurasia: the politics of upheaval. New York: University of Cambridge. p. 192. ISBN 0-521-45262-7. Retrieved June 30, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Directory of Biographies. Ali Masimov". Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  17. ^ Nohlen, Grotz, Hartmann, Dieter, Florian, Christof (2001). Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook : Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia: Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 366. 
  18. ^ Betty Blair (Autumn 1995). "Diplomatic Interview. United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Representative by Paolo Lembo". Azerbaijan International. pp. 62–63. Retrieved 2010-06-25.