Prime Minister of Ghana
|Prime Minister of Ghana|
|Former political post|
|First officeholder||Kwame Nkrumah|
|Last officeholder||Kofi Abrefa Busia|
|Appointer||Governor-General of Ghana (1957–1960)
President of Ghana (1969–1972)
|Office began||6 March 1957|
|Office ended||13 January 1972|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
History of the office
The country's first leader and Prime Minister was Kwame Nkrumah of the Convention People's Party (CPP). He held that post from the date of Ghanaian independence – 6 March 1957 to 1 July 1960, when a new constitution came into effect that abolished the position. Nkrumah became President of the Republic, but was later overthrown in a 1966 military coup.
When Ghana returned to civilian rule in 1969, the parliamentary system was restored. The Progress Party (PP), led by Kofi Abrefa Busia, won parliamentary elections and he became Prime Minister on 1 October 1969. Busia's government was deposed in a military coup on 13 January 1972.
A presidential system was instituted in 1979 when civilian rule was re-established. The post of Prime Minister was never revived.
Prime Ministers of Ghana (1957–1972)
|Took office||Left office||Political Party|
|Prime Minister of the Commonwealth Realm of Ghana|
|6 March 1957||1 July 1960||Convention People's Party|
|Prime Minister of the Republic of Ghana|
|Post abolished (1 July 1960 – 1 October 1969)|
|2||Kofi Abrefa Busia
|1 October 1969||13 January 1972||Progress Party|
|Post abolished (13 January 1972 – Present)|