Prime Minister of Iceland

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Prime Minister of Iceland
Forsætisráðherra Íslands
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson, the Prime Minister of Iceland
Incumbent
Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson

since 23 May 2013
Prime Minister's Office
Member of
Residence None.
Seat Reykjavík, Capital Region
Nominator Incumbent's political party
Appointer President of Iceland
Term length Four years
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Parliament.
Constituting instrument
Precursor Minister for Iceland
Formation 1 February 1904
First holder Jón Magnússon
Deputy Whoever appointed by the incumbent.
Salary 1,231,092 ISK monthly (2013)
Website eng.forsaetisraduneyti.is (English)
forsaetisraduneyti.is (Icelandic)
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iceland
Constitution
Stjórnarráðið in Reykjavík, the Prime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister of Iceland (Icelandic: Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is appointed formally by the President and exercises executive authority along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support.

List of Prime Ministers of Iceland[edit]

Prime Ministers during the Home rule (1904–1917)[edit]

# Name Portrait Entered office Left office Party
1. Hannes Hafstein
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg 1 February 1904 31 March 1909 HP
2. Björn Jónsson
MP for Barðastrandarsýsla
Bjorn Jonsson.jpg 31 March 1909 14 March 1911 OIP
3. Kristján Jónsson
MP for Borgarfjarðarsýsla
Kristjan Jonsson.jpg 14 March 1911 24 July 1912 No party
(1) Hannes Hafstein
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg 24 July 1912 21 July 1914 UP
4. Sigurður Eggerz
MP for West Skaftafellssýsla
Sigurður Eggerz.jpg 21 July 1914 4 May 1915 OIP
5. Einar Arnórsson
MP for Árnessýsla
EinarArnorsson.jpg 4 May 1915 4 January 1917 OIP langsum

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Iceland (1917–1944)[edit]

# Name Portrait Entered office Left office Party Election Coalition Age
1. Jón Magnússon
MP for Reykjavík until 1920
not in Parliament from 1920
Jón Magnússon1.jpg 4 January 1917 25 February 1920 Home Rule Party 1916 HP—OIP—PP 57
25 February 1920 7 March 1922 1919 HP—others 61
2. Sigurður Eggerz
MP without constituency
Sigurður Eggerz.jpg 7 March 1922 22 March 1924 Old Independence Party OIP—others 47
1923
(1) Jón Magnússon
MP without constituency
Jón Magnússon1.jpg 22 March 1924 23 June 1926 Conservative Party CP 65
3. Magnús Guðmundsson
(acting)
MP for Skagafjarðarsýsla
23 June 1926 8 July 1926 Conservative Party CP 47
4. Jón Þorláksson
MP without constituency
JThorl1927.jpg 8 July 1926 28 August 1927 Conservative Party CP 49
5. Tryggvi Þórhallsson
MP for Strandasýsla
28 August 1927 3 June 1932 Progressive Party 1927 PP 38
1931
6. Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
MP for West Ísafjarðarsýsla
Asgeir Asgeirsson.jpg 3 June 1932 28 July 1934 Progressive Party PPIP—Peasants 38
1933
7. Hermann Jónasson
MP for Strandasýsla
Herman Jonassón.jpg 28 July 1934 2 April 1938 Progressive Party 1934 PPSDP 37
2 April 1938 17 April 1939 1937 PP 41
17 April 1939 18 November 1941 PPIPSDP 42
18 November 1941 16 May 1942 PPIPSDP 44
8. Ólafur Thors
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
Olafur Thors.jpg 16 May 1942 16 December 1942 Independence Party Jul.1942 IP 50
Oct.1942
9. Björn Þórðarson
not in Parliament
No image.svg 16 December 1942 21 October 1944 Independent 63

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Iceland (1944–Present)[edit]

# Name Portrait Entered office Left office Party Election Coalition Age
(8) Ólafur Thors
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
Olafur Thors.jpg 21 October 1944 4 February 1947 Independence Party 1946 IPSDPSP 52
10. Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
4 February 1947 6 December 1949 Social Democratic Party SDPIPPP 52
(8) Ólafur Thors
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
Olafur Thors.jpg 6 December 1949 14 March 1950 Independence Party 1949 IP 57
11. Steingrímur Steinþórsson
MP for Skagafjarðarsýsla
SteingrimurSteinthorsson.jpg 14 March 1950 11 September 1953 Progressive Party PPIP 57
(8) Ólafur Thors
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
Olafur Thors.jpg 11 September 1953 24 July 1956 Independence Party 1953 IPPP 61
(7) Hermann Jónasson
MP for Strandasýsla
Herman Jonassón.jpg 24 July 1956 23 December 1958 Alliance
Progressive Party
1956 Alliance
PPSDPPA
59
12. Emil Jónsson
MP for Hafnarfjörður
23 December 1958 20 November 1959 Social Democratic Party Jun.1959 SDP 56
(8) Ólafur Thors
MP for Reykjanes
Olafur Thors.jpg 20 November 1959 8 September 1961 Independence Party Oct.1959 IPSDP 67
13. Bjarni Benediktsson
(acting)
MP for Reykjavík
8 September 1961 31 December 1961 Independence Party IPSDP 53
(8) Ólafur Thors
MP for Reykjanes
Olafur Thors.jpg 1 January 1962 14 November 1963 Independence Party IPSDP 69
(13) Bjarni Benediktsson
MP for Reykjavík
14 November 1963 10 July 1970 Independence Party 1963 IPSDP 55
1967
14. Jóhann Hafstein
MP for Reykjavík
10 July 1970 14 July 1971 Independence Party IPSDP 54
15. Ólafur Jóhannesson
MP for Norðurland West
14 July 1971 28 August 1974 Progressive Party 1971 PPPALL 58
16. Geir Hallgrímsson
MP for Reykjavík
28 August 1974 1 September 1978 Independence Party 1974 IPPP 48
(15) Ólafur Jóhannesson
MP for Norðurland West
1 September 1978 15 October 1979 Progressive Party 1978 PPPA 65
17. Benedikt Gröndal
MP for Reykjavík
15 October 1979 8 February 1980 Social Democratic Party 1979 SDP 55
18. Gunnar Thoroddsen
MP for Reykjavík
8 February 1980 26 May 1983 Independence Party Gunnar's Independents
PPPA
69
19. Steingrímur Hermannsson
MP for Westfjords
26 May 1983 8 July 1987 Progressive Party 1983 PPIP 54
20. Þorsteinn Pálsson
MP for Suðurland
Thorsteinn Palsson.JPG 8 July 1987 28 September 1988 Independence Party 1987 IPPPSDP 39
(19) Steingrímur Hermannsson
MP for Reykjanes
28 September 1988 10 September 1989 Progressive Party PPSDPPA 60
10 September 1989 30 April 1991 PPSDPPACiP 61
21. Davíð Oddsson
MP for Reykjavík until 2003
MP for Reykjavík North from 2003
David Oddsson.jpg 30 April 1991 23 April 1995 Independence Party 1991 IPSDP 43
23 April 1995 28 May 1999 1995 IPPP 47
28 May 1999 23 May 2003 1999 IPPP 51
23 May 2003 15 September 2004 2003 IPPP 55
22. Halldór Ásgrímsson
MP for Reykjavík North
Islands statsminister Halldor Asgrimsson.jpg 15 September 2004 15 June 2006 Progressive Party PPIP 57
23. Geir Haarde
MP for Reykjavík South
Geir Haarde 2006-Oct-11.JPG 15 June 2006 24 May 2007 Independence Party IPPP 55
24 May 2007 1 February 2009 2007 IPSDA 56
24. Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
MP for Reykjavík North
Johanna sigurdardottir official portrait trim.jpg 1 February 2009 10 May 2009 Social Democratic Alliance SDALGM 66
10 May 2009 23 May 2013 2009 SDALGM 66
25. Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
MP for Norðausturkjördæmi
Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson (cropped).jpg 23 May 2013 Incumbent Progressive Party 2013 PPIP 38

Note about Magnús Guðmundsson: Jón Magnússon died 23 June 1926. Magnús Guðmundsson acted as PM until Jón Þorláksson could be reached. Officially the third cabinet of Jón Magnússon is said to have been in office until 8 July 1926, but as the PM was dead, it seemed proper to include the acting PM in the list.

Timeline since 1980[edit]

Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir Haarde I Government Ásgrímsson I Government Oddsson I Government Hermannsson II Government Pálsson I Government Hermannsson I Government Thoroddsen I Government

Abbreviations[edit]

Current political parties[edit]

Former political parties[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]