Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan

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Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg
Political Emblem
Nechervan Barzani May 2014 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nechervan Idris Barzani

since 17 January 2012
Appointer Kurdistan Parliament
Term length Four years, renewable
Inaugural holder Fuad Masum (de facto)
Nechervan Barzani (de jure)
Formation 4 July 1992 (de facto)
1 March 2006 (de jure)
Website http://www.krg.org/
Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraqi Kurdistan

The Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan heads the Kurdistan Regional Government, the government of Iraq's Kurdistan Autonomous Region. The government is elected as part of the Kurdistan National Assembly.[1]

1992–2005[edit]

After the 1992 elections resulted in the two main parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, each holding 50 out of 100 seats, they decided to create a unity government (which was not recognized by the government of Saddam Hussein).

The unity government soon collapsed and in 1994 a civil war broke out, which lasted until 1998. This resulted in the establishment of two Kurdistan Regional Governments in 1996, a KDP-controlled one in Arbil and a PUK-controlled one in as-Sulaymaniyah, each with their own Prime Minister.[2]

PUK-controlled part[edit]

Prime Ministers of the PUK-controlled part of Iraqi Kurdistan:[3]

Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party
1 Fuad Masum Fuad Masum.jpg 1938– 4 July 1992 26 April 1993 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
2 Kosrat Rasul Ali Kosrat Rasul.jpg 1952– 26 April 1993 21 January 2001 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
3 Barham Salih Barham Salih conducts a press conference in the Pentagon on Sept. 14, 2006.jpg 1960– 21 January 2001 4 July 2004 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
4 Omer Fattah Hussain Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg 1948– 4 July 2004 14 June 2005 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

KDP-controlled part[edit]

Prime Ministers of the KDP-controlled part of Iraqi Kurdistan:[3]

Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party
1 Rowsch Shaways Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg 1947– 26 September 1996 20 December 1999 Kurdistan Democratic Party
2 Nechervan Idris Barzani Nechervan Barzani May 2014 (cropped).jpg 1966– 20 December 1999 14 June 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party

2006–Present[edit]

After the reconciliation between the KDP and PUK, parliamentary elections were held on January 30, 2005 and an agreement was made to let a KDP leader become Prime Minister for the first term and a PUK Prime Minister to become President for the second term, so Nechervan Barzani became Prime Minister. Barham Salih held the post of Prime Minister until 17 January 2012 afer which he relinquished his position to Nechervan Idris Barzani.[4]

Prime Ministers of Kurdistan Regional Government:

Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party
1 Nechervan Idris Barzani Nechervan Barzani May 2014 (cropped).jpg 1966– 1 March 2006 31 August 2009 Kurdistan Democratic Party
2 Barham Salih Barham Salih conducts a press conference in the Pentagon on Sept. 14, 2006.jpg 1960– 1 September 2009 17 January 2012 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
3 Nechervan Idris Barzani Nechervan Barzani May 2014 (cropped).jpg 1966– 17 January 2012 Incumbent Kurdistan Democratic Party

See also[edit]

Iraqi Kurdistan after the 1998 cease-fire. Green area controlled by the PUK, Yellow area controlled by the KDP

References[edit]

  1. ^ KRG
  2. ^ Galbraith, Peter (2006), The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End; Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-9423-8
  3. ^ a b http://rulers.org/ruli.html#iraq
  4. ^ http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=15847