Prime Minister of Laos

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Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic of Laos
Emblem of Laos.svg
Thongsing Thammavong 2009-12-9.jpg
Incumbent
Thongsing Thammavong

since 23 December 2010
Nominator Choummaly Sayasone
Appointer National Assembly
Term length Five years
Inaugural holder Prince Phetsarath Rattanavongsa
Formation 15 September 1945
Website [1]
Emblem of Laos.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Laos
Constitution

The Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic of Laos is the highest office within the Central Government.

Powers[edit]

Throughout its history the office of Prime Minister has been responsible, at least in theory but not always in practice, for handling Laos's internal policies. Since Laos is a one-party state with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party being the sole party allowed by the constitution, all the prime ministers of the People's Democratic Republic have been members of the party while holding office.

The current prime minister is Thongsing Thammavong, since 23 December 2010. He is second-ranked in the Political Bureau (Politburo).

The Prime Minister is elected by the proposal of the President of Laos to the National Assembly and is responsible to the National Assembly, which elects all ministers to government. Activity reports by the Prime Minister must be given to the National Assembly, while the Standing Committee of the National Assembly supervises the activities of the Central Government and the Prime Minister. Finally, the deputies of the National Assembly have the right to question the Prime Minister and other members of government.

Office[edit]

The Office of the Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic traces its lineage back to Kaysone Phomvihane, the first Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic. The predecessor office to the Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic was the Prime Minister of the former Kingdom of Laos. There have been 6 prime ministers of the People's Democratic Republic, but there have been 18 prime ministers of Laos if the prime ministers of the Kingdom of Laos are counted.

List of Prime Ministers of Laos (1945–present)[edit]

Kingdom of Laos (1945–1975)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
(Title)
Picture Term start Term end Political Party
1 Prince Phetsarath Rattanavongsa
(1890–1959)
Prime Minister
Phetsarath Rattanavongsa.jpg 15 September 1945 20 October 1945 Non-party
2 Phaya Khammao
(1911–1984)
Chairman of the Provisional Government
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 20 October 1945 23 April 1946 Lao Issara
3 Prince Kindavong
(1900–1951)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 23 April 1946 15 March 1947 Non-party
4 Prince Souvannarath
(1893–1960)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 15 March 1947 25 April 1948 Non-party
5 Prince Boun Oum Na Champasak
(1912–1980)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 25 March 1948 24 February 1950 Non-party
6 Phoui Sananikone
(1903–1983)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 24 February 1950 15 October 1951 Neutralist
7 Prince Savang Vatthana
(1907–1978?)
Prime Minister
Savang Vatthana.jpg 15 October 1951 21 November 1951 Non-party
8 Prince Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
Prime Minister
Souvanna Phouma.jpg 21 November 1951 25 October 1954 National Progressive Party
9 Katay Don Sasorith
(1904–1959)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 25 October 1954 21 March 1956 National Progressive Party
(8) Prince Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
Prime Minister
Souvanna Phouma.jpg 21 March 1956 17 August 1958 National Progressive Party
(6) Phoui Sananikone
(1903–1983)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 17 August 1958 31 December 1959 Neutralist
10 Sounthone Pathammavong
(1911– )
Army Chief of Staff
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 31 December 1959 7 January 1960 Committee for the Defence of the National Interests / Military
11 Kou Abhay
(1892–1964)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 7 January 1960 3 June 1960 Non-party
12 Prince Somsanith Vongkotrattana
(1913–1975)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 3 June 1960 15 August 1960 Committee for the Defence of the National Interests
(8) Prince Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
Prime Minister
Souvanna Phouma.jpg 30 August 1960
(from 9 December 1960, in exile in Phnom Penh, Cambodia)
13 December 1960 Lao Neutralist Front
Quinim Pholsena
(1915–1963)
Prime Minister
(not recognized)
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 11 December 1960 13 December 1960 Peace and Neutrality Party
(5) Prince Boun Oum Na Champasak
(1912–1980)
Prime Minister
Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg 13 December 1960 23 June 1962 Non-party
(8) Prince Souvanna Phouma
(1901–1984)
Prime Minister
Souvanna Phouma.jpg 23 June 1962 2 December 1975 Lao Neutralist Front

Trivia[edit]

Between December 1959 to December 1960, Laos had six different Prime Ministers, who were ousted by six successive political coups.[1]

People's Democratic Republic of Laos (1975–present)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
(Title)
Picture Term start Term end Political Party
1 Kaysone Phomvihane
(1920–1992)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Kaysone DDR 1982.jpg 8 December 1975 15 August 1991 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
2 Khamtai Siphandon
(born 1924)
Sultan of Brunei with Khamtay Siphandone (cropped).png 15 August 1991 24 February 1998 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
3 Sisavath Keobounphanh
(born 1928)
Sisavath Keobounphanh.gif 24 February 1998 27 March 2001 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
4 Bounnhang Vorachith
(born 1937)
Emblem of Laos.svg 27 March 2001 8 June 2006 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
5 Bouasone Bouphavanh
(born 1954)
Bouasone.jpg 8 June 2006 23 December 2010 Lao People's Revolutionary Party
6 Thongsing Thammavong
(born 1944)
Thongsing Thammavong 2009-12-9.jpg 23 December 2010 Incumbent Lao People's Revolutionary Party

Living former prime ministers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]