Prime Minister of Latvia

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Laimdota Straujuma

since 22 January 2014
Appointer President of Latvia
Term length General elections to the Saeima are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holder Kārlis Ulmanis
Formation 19 November 1918
Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Latvia
Foreign relations

The Minister-President of Latvia (Latvian: Ministru prezidents is the most powerful member of the Government of the Republic of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of Saeima (parliament).

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers for both the first period when Latvia was independent (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

Republic of Latvia (1918-1940)[edit]

Political Party:       LZS       Independent       MP       DC       PA       LJSP

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Saeima
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 4)
[1]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
19 November 1918 13 July 1919 953 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – LNP – DC – DS PC
14 July 1919 8 December 1919 II LZS – LŽNP
DC joined later
PC
( ···· )
9 December 1919 11 June 1920 III LZS – LŽNP
DS joined later
PC
( ···· )
12 June 1920 18 June 1921 IV LZS – DS – LDP
DS exited later
CA (1920)
2
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
19 June 1921 26 January 1923 587 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – MP – LTP
LTP exited later
CA
( ···· )
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Jānis Pauļuks
(1865–1937)
27 January 1923 27 June 1923 152 Independent I LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP 1 (1922)
2
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
28 January 1923 26 January 1924 213 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP 1 ( ···· )
4 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Voldemārs Zāmuēls
(1872–1948)
27 January 1924 18 December 1924 327 Independent I BNC – DC – LJS 1 ( ···· )
5
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
19 December 1924 23 December 1925 370 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC
MP and LJS joined later
1 ( ···· )
1
(2 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
24 December 1925 6 May 1926 134 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
V LZS – LJSP – LJS – LZP
NA joined later
2 (1925)
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Arturs Alberings
(1877–1934)
7 May 1926 18 December 1926 226 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – LJSP – LJS – LZP 2 ( ···· )
7
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
19 December 1926 23 January 1928 401 Mensheviks Party
(MP)
I LSDSP – MP – LPP – DC – LJS
DC exited cabinet
2 ( ···· )
8 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Pēteris Juraševskis
(1872–1945)
24 January 1928 30 November 1928 312 Democratic Centre
(DC)
I LZS – DC – LZP – VRP / DbRP 2 ( ···· )
5
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
1 December 1928 26 March 1931 846 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
II LZS – DC – LJSP – LDZA – LA – KNP – VRP / DbRP
DC, KNP, VRP / DbRP exited cabinet
3 (1928)
1
(3 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
27 March 1931 5 December 1931 254 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
VI LZS – LJSP – LDZA – NA – MKRA – LKZP – LPP 3 ( ···· )
7
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
6 December 1931 23 March 1933 474 Progressive Association of New Farmers
(PA)
II PA – DC – LZS – LZPA
LJSP joined later
4 (1931)
9 Adolfs Blodnieks.jpg Ādolfs Bļodnieks
(1889–1962)
24 March 1933 16 March 1934 358 Party of New Farmers and Smallholders
(LJSP)
I LJSP – LZS – DC – LZPA – PA – LKKP – KDP
DC, PA exited cabinet
4 ( ···· )
1
(4 of 4)
[2]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
17 March 1934 15 May 1940 2287 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
VII LZS – KA – LKKP – LPP – KDP 4 ( ···· )
18 May 1934 19 June 1940 Independent VIII No party Dis.
[3] Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Augusts Kirhenšteins
(1872–1963)
20 June 1940 21 July 1940 31 Independent I No party Dis.
Notes

1 During the 1918-1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.

2 On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), establishing authoritarian rule.

3 Puppet leader appointed by Soviet authorities. Not recognized as such by the Latvian government.

Republic of Latvia (1990-Present)[edit]

From 4 May 1990 after adopting the Declaration of the Restoration of Independence of the Republic.

Political Party:       LTF       LC       Independent       TB/LNNK       TP       JL       LZP       LPP/LC       V

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Saeima
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
7 May 1990 3 August 1993 1136 Popular Front of Latvia
(LTF)
I LTF
LC joined later
SC (1990)
2 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Valdis Birkavs
(born 1942)
3 August 1993 15 September 1994 408 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCLZSLZP 5 (1993)
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Māris Gailis
(born 1951)
15 September 1994 21 December 1995 462 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPALZSLZP
TB joined later and exited cabinet
5 ( ···· )
4
(1 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
21 December 1995 13 February 1997 595 Independent I DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPLVP 6 (1995)
13 February 1997 7 August 1997 II DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZP
KDS joined later
6 ( ···· )
5 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Guntars Krasts
(born 1957)
7 August 1997 26 November 1998 476 For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK
(TB/LNNK)
I TB/LNNKLCLZSLZPDPS – KTP
DPS and KTP exited cabinet
6 ( ···· )
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Vilis Krištopans
(born 1954)
26 November 1998 16 July 1999 232 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTB/LNNKJP
LSDSP joined later
7 (1998)
4
(2 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
16 July 1999 5 May 2000 294 People's Party
(TP)
III TPLCTB/LNNK 7 ( ···· )
7 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Andris Bērziņš (LPP-LC).jpg Andris Bērziņš
(born 1951)
5 May 2000 7 November 2002 916 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPTB/LNNKJP 7 ( ···· )
8 Einars Repse.jpeg Einars Repše
(born 1961)
7 November 2002 9 March 2004 488 New Era Party
(JL)
I JLTB/LNNKLZSLPPLZP
LPP exited cabinet
8 (2002)
9 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Indulis Emsis.jpg Indulis Emsis
(born 1952)
9 March 2004 2 December 2004 268 Latvian Green Party
(LZP)
I TPLPPLZSLZP 8 ( ···· )
10 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Aigars Kalvītis.jpg Aigars Kalvītis
(born 1966)
2 December 2004 7 November 2006 1113 People's Party
(TP)
I TPJLLZSLPPLZP
JL exited cabinet
8 ( ···· )
7 November 2006 20 December 2007 II TPLZSLPPTB/LNNKLZPLC 9 (2006)
1
(2 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
20 December 2007 12 March 2009 448 Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
(LPP/LC)
II LPP/LCTPLZSTB/LNNKLZP 9 ( ···· )
11 Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg Valdis Dombrovskis
(born 1971)
12 March 2009 3 November 2010 1777 New Era Party
(JL)
JL later replaced by V
I JLTPTB/LNNKLZSLZPPS 9 ( ···· )
3 November 2010 25 October 2011 II JLPSSCPLZSLZP – LP
JL, PS, SCP, LP later replaced by V
10 (2010)
25 October 2011 22 January 2014 Unity
(V)
III VZRPNA 11 (2011)
12 Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg Laimdota Straujuma
(born 1951)
22 January 2014 Incumbent 85 Unity
(V)
I VRPNA - LZSLZP 11 ( ···· )

See also[edit]

External links[edit]