Prime Minister of Latvia

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Laimdota Straujuma

since 22 January 2014
Appointer President of Latvia
Term length General elections to the Saeima are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holder Kārlis Ulmanis
Formation 19 November 1918

The Minister-President of Latvia (Latvian: Ministru prezidents) is the most powerful member of the Government of the Republic of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of Saeima (parliament).

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers for both the first period when Latvia was independent (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

Republic of Latvia (1918-1940)[edit]

Political Party:       LZS       Independent       MP       DC       PA       LJSP

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Saeima
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 4)
[1]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
18 November 1918 13 July 1919 944 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
I LZS – LNP – DC – DS PC
14 July 1919 8 December 1919 II LZS – LŽNP
DC joined later
PC
( ···· )
9 December 1919 11 June 1920 III LZS – LŽNP
DS joined later
PC
( ···· )
12 June 1920 18 June 1921 IV LZS – DS – LDP
DS exited later
CA (1920)
2
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
19 June 1921 26 January 1923 587 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – MP – LTP
LTP exited later
CA
( ···· )
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Jānis Pauļuks
(1865–1937)
27 January 1923 27 June 1923 152 Independent I LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP 1 (1922)
2
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
28 January 1923 26 January 1924 213 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
I LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP 1 ( ···· )
4 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Voldemārs Zāmuēls
(1872–1948)
27 January 1924 18 December 1924 327 Independent I BNC – DC – LJS 1 ( ···· )
5
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
19 December 1924 23 December 1925 370 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
I LZS – DC
MP and LJS joined later
1 ( ···· )
1
(2 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
24 December 1925 6 May 1926 134 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
V LZS – LJSP – LJS – LZP
NA joined later
2 (1925)
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Arturs Alberings
(1877–1934)
7 May 1926 18 December 1926 226 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – LJSP – LJS – LZP 2 ( ···· )
7
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
19 December 1926 23 January 1928 401 Mensheviks Party
(MP)
I LSDSP – MP – LPP – DC – LJS
DC exited cabinet
2 ( ···· )
8 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Pēteris Juraševskis
(1872–1945)
24 January 1928 30 November 1928 312 Democratic Centre
(DC)
I LZS – DC – LZP – VRP / DbRP 2 ( ···· )
5
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
1 December 1928 26 March 1931 846 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
II LZS – DC – LJSP – LDZA – LA – KNP – VRP / DbRP
DC, KNP, VRP / DbRP exited cabinet
3 (1928)
1
(3 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
27 March 1931 5 December 1931 254 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
VI LZS – LJSP – LDZA – NA – MKRA – LKZP – LPP 3 ( ···· )
7
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
6 December 1931 23 March 1933 474 Progressive Association of New Farmers
(PA)
II PA – DC – LZS – LZPA
LJSP joined later
4 (1931)
9 Adolfs Blodnieks.jpg Ādolfs Bļodnieks
(1889–1962)
24 March 1933 16 March 1934 358 Party of New Farmers and Smallholders
(LJSP)
I LJSP – LZS – DC – LZPA – PA – LKKP – KDP
DC, PA exited cabinet
4 ( ···· )
1
(4 of 4)
[2]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
17 March 1934 15 May 1940 2287 Centre Party LATVIAN FARMERS' UNION
(LZS)
VII LZS – KA – LKKP – LPP – KDP 4 ( ···· )
15 May 1934 19 June 1940 Independent VIII No party Dis.
[3] Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Augusts Kirhenšteins
(1872–1963)
20 June 1940 25 August 1940 66 Independent I No party Dis.
Notes

1 During the 1918-1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.

2 On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), establishing authoritarian rule.

3 Puppet leader appointed by Soviet authorities. Not recognized as such by the Latvian government.

Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Latvia
Foreign relations

Republic of Latvia (1990-Present)[edit]

From 4 May 1990 after adopting the Declaration of the Restoration of Independence of the Republic.

Political Party:       LTF       LC       Independent       TB/LNNK       TP       JL       LZP       LPP/LC       V

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Saeima
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
7 May 1990 3 August 1993 1136 Popular Front of Latvia
(LTF)
I LTF
LC joined later
SC (1990)
2 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Valdis Birkavs
(born 1942)
3 August 1993 15 September 1994 408 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCLZSLZP 5 (1993)
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Māris Gailis
(born 1951)
15 September 1994 21 December 1995 462 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPALZSLZP
TB joined later and exited cabinet
5 ( ···· )
4
(1 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
21 December 1995 13 February 1997 595 Independent I DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPLVP 6 (1995)
13 February 1997 7 August 1997 II DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZP
KDS joined later
6 ( ···· )
5 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Guntars Krasts
(born 1957)
7 August 1997 26 November 1998 476 For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK
(TB/LNNK)
I TB/LNNKLCLZSLZPDPS – KTP
DPS and KTP exited cabinet
6 ( ···· )
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Vilis Krištopans
(born 1954)
26 November 1998 16 July 1999 232 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTB/LNNKJP
LSDSP joined later
7 (1998)
4
(2 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
16 July 1999 5 May 2000 294 People's Party
(TP)
III TPLCTB/LNNK 7 ( ···· )
7 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Andris Bērziņš (LPP-LC).jpg Andris Bērziņš
(born 1951)
5 May 2000 7 November 2002 916 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPTB/LNNKJP 7 ( ···· )
8 Einars Repse.jpeg Einars Repše
(born 1961)
7 November 2002 9 March 2004 488 New Era Party
(JL)
I JLTB/LNNKLZSLPPLZP
LPP exited cabinet
8 (2002)
9 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Indulis Emsis.jpg Indulis Emsis
(born 1952)
9 March 2004 2 December 2004 268 Latvian Green Party
(LZP)
I TPLPPLZSLZP 8 ( ···· )
10 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Aigars Kalvītis.jpg Aigars Kalvītis
(born 1966)
2 December 2004 7 November 2006 1113 People's Party
(TP)
I TPJLLZSLPPLZP
JL exited cabinet
8 ( ···· )
7 November 2006 20 December 2007 II TPLZSLPPTB/LNNKLZPLC 9 (2006)
1
(2 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
20 December 2007 12 March 2009 448 Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
(LPP/LC)
II LPP/LCTPLZSTB/LNNKLZP 9 ( ···· )
11 Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg Valdis Dombrovskis
(born 1971)
12 March 2009 3 November 2010 1777 New Era Party
(JL)
JL later replaced by V
I JLTPTB/LNNKLZSLZPPS 9 ( ···· )
3 November 2010 25 October 2011 II JLPSSCPLZSLZP – LP
JL, PS, SCP, LP later replaced by V
10 (2010)
25 October 2011 22 January 2014 Party "UNITY"
(V)
III VZRPNA 11 (2011)
12 Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg Laimdota Straujuma
(born 1951)
22 January 2014 5 November 2014 334 Party "UNITY"
(V)
I VRPNA - LZSLZP 11 ( ···· )
5 November 2014 Incumbent II VNA - LZSLZP 12 ( 2014)

Statistics[edit]

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Ulmanis, KārlisKārlis Ulmanis 18770904September 4, 1877(September 4, 1877) 41 07541 years, 75 days 09 3349 years, 334 days 62 28762 years, 287 days 19420920September 20, 1942 23,75665 years, 16 days
2 Meierovics, ZigfrīdsZigfrīds Meierovics 18870206February 6, 1887(February 6, 1887) 34 13334 years, 133 days 02 0702 years, 70 days 36 35436 years, 354 days 19250822August 22, 1925 14,07638 years, 197 days
3 Pauļuks, JānisJānis Pauļuks 18651112November 12, 1865(November 12, 1865) 57 07657 years, 76 days 00 1520 years, 152 days 57 22857 years, 228 days 19370621June 21, 1937 26,15371 years, 221 days
4 Zāmuēls, VoldemārsVoldemārs Zāmuēls 18720522May 22, 1872(May 22, 1872) 51 25051 years, 250 days 00 3270 years, 327 days 52 21052 years, 210 days 19480116September 25, 1944 27,63175 years, 239 days
5 Celmiņš, HugoHugo Celmiņš 18771030October 30, 1877(October 30, 1877) 47 05047 years, 50 days 03 1213 years, 121 days 53 14753 years, 147 days 19410730July 30, 1941 23,28363 years, 273 days
6 Alberings, ArtursArturs Alberings 18760108January 8, 1876(January 8, 1876) 50 11950 years, 119 days 00 2260 years, 226 days 50 34550 years, 345 days 19340426April 26, 1934 21,29258 years, 108 days
7 Skujenieks, MarģersMarģers Skujenieks 18860622June 22, 1886(June 22, 1886) 40 18040 years, 180 days 02 1452 years, 145 days 46 27446 years, 274 days 19410712July 12, 1941 20,10855 years, 20 days
8 Juraševskis, PēterisPēteris Juraševskis 18720323March 23, 1872(March 23, 1872) 55 30755 years, 307 days 00 3120 years, 312 days 56 25256 years, 252 days 19450110January 10, 1945 26,59072 years, 293 days
9 Blzodnieks, AzdolfsĀdolfs Bļodnieks 18890724July 24, 1889(July 24, 1889) 43 24343 years, 243 days 00 3580 years, 358 days 44 23544 years, 235 days 19620321March 21, 1962 26,53772 years, 240 day
10 Kirhenšteins, AugustsAugusts Kirhenšteins 18720918September 18, 1872(September 18, 1872) 67 27667 years, 276 days 00 0660 years, 66 days 67 34267 years, 342 days 19631103November 11, 1963 33,28291 years, 46 days
11 Godmanis, IvarsIvars Godmanis 19511127November 27, 1951(November 27, 1951) 38 16138 years, 161 days 04 1244 years, 124 days 57 10557 years, 105 days Living 23,03663 years, 25 days (Living)
12 Birkavs, ValdisValdis Birkavs 19420728July 28, 1942(July 28, 1942) 51 00651 years, 6 days 01 0431 year, 43 days 52 04952 years, 49 days Living 26,44572 years, 147 days (Living)
13 Gailis, MārisMāris Gailis 19510709July 9, 1951(July 9, 1951) 43 03743 years, 37 days 01 0971 year, 97 days 44 16544 years, 165 days Living 23,17763 years, 166 days (Living)
14 Szkzēle, AndrisAndris Šķēle 19580116January 16, 1958(January 16, 1958) 37 33937 years, 339 days 02 1592 years, 159 days 42 11042 years, 110 days Living 20,79456 years, 340 days (Living)
15 Krasts, GuntarsGuntars Krasts 19571016October 16, 1957(October 16, 1957) 39 29539 years, 295 days 01 1111 year, 111 days 41 04141 years, 51 days Living 20,88657 years, 67 days (Living)
16 Krisztopans, VilisVilis Krištopans 19540613June 13, 1954(June 13, 1954) 44 16644 years, 166 days 00 2320 years, 232 days 45 03345 years, 33 days Living 22,10760 years, 192 days (Living)
17 Bērziņš, AndrisAndris Bērziņš 19510804August 4, 1951(August 4, 1951) 48 27548 years, 275 days 02 1862 years, 186 days 51 09551 years, 95 days Living 23,15163 years, 140 days (Living)
18 Repše, EinarsEinars Repše 19611209December 9, 1961(December 9, 1961) 40 33340 years, 333 days 01 1231 year, 123 days 42 09142 years, 91 days Living 19,37153 years, 13 days (Living)
19 Emsis, IndulisIndulis Emsis 19520102January 2, 1952(January 2, 1952) 52 06752 years, 67 days 00 2680 years, 268 days 52 33552 years, 335 days Living 23,00062 years, 354 days (Living)
20 Kalvītis, AigarsAigars Kalvītis 19660627June 27, 1966(June 27, 1966) 38 15838 years, 158 days 03 0183 years, 18 days 41 17642 years, 91 days Living 17,71048 years, 178 days (Living)
21 Dombrovskis, ValdisValdis Dombrovskis 19710805August 5, 1971(August 5, 1971) 37 21937 years, 219 days 04 3164 years, 316 days 42 17042 years, 170 days Living 15,84543 years, 139 days (Living)
22 Straujuma, LaimdotaLaimdota Straujuma 19510224February 24, 1951(February 24, 1951) 62 33262 years, 332 days 00 240 6990 years, 334 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 23,31263 years, 301 days (Living)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]