Prime Minister of Lithuania

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania
Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg
Min-Butkevičius.jpg
Incumbent
Algirdas Butkevičius

since 13 December 2012
Appointer President of Lithuania
Term length General elections to the Seimas are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holder Augustinas Voldemaras
Formation 11 November 1918
Coat of arms of Lithuania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lithuania

The Prime Minister of Lithuania is the head of the executive arm of Lithuania's government, and is chosen by the Lithuanian parliament, the Seimas. The modern office of Prime Minister was established in 1990, although the official title was "Chairperson of the Council of Ministers" until 25 November 1992. The post was established during the turmoil surrounding the Soviet Union's collapse, and was organized by Sąjūdis, a multi-party coalition in favour of Lithuanian independence.

Historically, the title of Prime Minister was also used between 1918 and 1940. This was during the original Republic of Lithuania, which lasted from the collapse of the Russian Empire until the country's annexation by the Soviet Union.

Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Political party
1 Augustinas Voldemaras 11 November 1918 26 December 1918 Party of National Progress
2 Mykolas Sleževičius 26 December 1918 12 March 1919 Peasant Union
3 Pranas Dovydaitis 12 March 1919 12 April 1919 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Mykolas Sleževičius, 2nd term 12 April 1919 7 October 1919 Peasant Union
4 Ernestas Galvanauskas 7 October 1919 19 June 1920 Non-party
5 Kazys Grinius 19 June 1920 2 February 1922 Lithuanian Social Democratic Party
6 Ernestas Galvanauskas 2 February 1922 23 February 1923 Non-party
23 February 1923 29 June 1923
29 June 1923 18 June 1924
7 Antanas Tumėnas 18 June 1924 4 February 1925 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
8 Vytautas Petrulis 4 February 1925 25 September 1925 Farmers' Association
9 Leonas Bistras 25 September 1925 15 June 1926 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Mykolas Sleževičius, 3rd term 15 June 1926 17 December 1926 Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union
10 Augustinas Voldemaras 17 December 1926 23 September 1929 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
11 Juozas Tūbelis 23 September 1929 12 June 1934 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
12 June 1934 6 September 1935
6 September 1935 24 March 1938
12 Vladas Mironas 24 March 1938 5 December 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
5 December 1939 28 March 1939
13 Jonas Černius 28 March 1939 21 November 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
14 Antanas Merkys 21 November 1939 17 June 1940 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
15 Justas Paleckis 17 June 1940 24 June 1940
Vincas Krėvė-Mickevičius (acting) 24 June 1940 25 August 1940

Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1990)[edit]

Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Lithuanian SSR
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR

Republic of Lithuania (1990–present)[edit]

Parties

      LKP       LKDP       LDDP       TS / TS-LKD       LLS       LSDP       Independent

Status
  Acting Prime Minister
Name Portrait Elected Term of office Political party
Vytautas Sakalauskas (acting) Fond blanc.svg 11 March 1990 17 March 1990 Communist Party
1 Kazimira Prunskienė K. Prunskiene.jpg 1990 17 March 1990 10 January 1991 Communist Party
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
2 Albertas Šimėnas Fond blanc.svg 10 January 1991 13 January 1991 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
3 Gediminas Vagnorius 1st time Fond blanc.svg 13 January 1991 21 July 1992 Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
4 Aleksandras Abišala Aleksandras Abišala 2008.03.31.jpg 21 July 1992 2 December 1992 Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
5 Bronislovas Lubys Fond blanc.svg 1992 2 December 1992 10 March 1993 Independent
(endorsed by Democratic Labour Party)
6 Adolfas Šleževičius Fond blanc.svg 10 March 1993 15 February 1996 Democratic Labour Party
7 Laurynas Stankevičius Fond blanc.svg 15 February 1996 27 November 1996 Democratic Labour Party
(2) Gediminas Vagnorius 2nd time Fond blanc.svg 1996 27 November 1996 4 May 1999 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
Irena Degutienė (acting) DegutieneIrena.JPG 4 May 1999 18 May 1999 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
8 Rolandas Paksas 1st time PAKSAS Rolandas.png 18 May 1999 27 October 1999 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
Irena Degutienė (acting) DegutieneIrena.JPG 27 October 1999 3 November 1999 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
9 Andrius Kubilius 1st time A.Kubilius 2010.png 3 November 1999 26 October 2000 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
(8) Rolandas Paksas 2nd time PAKSAS Rolandas.png 2000 26 October 2000 20 June 2001 Liberal Union
Eugenijus Gentvilas (acting) Fond blanc.svg 20 June 2001 3 July 2001 Liberal Union
10 Algirdas Brazauskas Algirdas Brazauskas 1998.jpg 2004 3 July 2001 1 June 2006 Social Democratic Party
Zigmantas Balčytis (acting) Fond blanc.svg 1 June 2006 4 July 2006 Social Democratic Party
11 Gediminas Kirkilas Gediminas Kirkilas.jpg 4 July 2006 9 December 2008 Social Democratic Party
(9) Andrius Kubilius 2nd time A.Kubilius 2010.png 2008 9 December 2008 13 December 2012 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
12 Algirdas Butkevičius Min-Butkevičius.jpg 2012 13 December 2012 Incumbent Social Democratic Party

References[edit]

External links[edit]