Prime Minister of Madagascar

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Prime Minister of the
Republic of Madagascar
Seal of Madagascar.svg
Incumbent
Jean Ravelonarivo

since 17 January 2015
Appointer Hery Rajaonarimampianina,
as President of Madagascar
Inaugural holder Gabriel Ramanantsoa
Formation 18 May 1972
Seal of Madagascar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Madagascar
Foreign relations

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of Chief Minister in 1828, during the Merina Kingdom.

Prime Ministers of Madagascar[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)

Merina Kingdom[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
1 No image.png Andriamihaja
(–1833)[1]
1828 1833 5 years Independent
2 No image.png Rainiharo
(–1852)
1833 10 February 1852[2] 19 years Independent
3 Rainivoninahitriniony Prime Minister of Madagascar.jpg Rainivoninahitriniony
(1821–1869)
10 February 1852 14 July 1864[3] 12 years, 155 days Independent
4 Rainilaiarivony.jpg Rainilaiarivony
(1828–1896)
14 July 1864 14 October 1895[4] 31 years, 92 days Independent
5 No image.png Rainitsimbazafy
15 October 1895 September 1896[5] 11 months Independent
6 Rasanjy, ca. 1890.jpg Rasanjy
(1851–1918)[6]
September 1896 February 1897 5 months Independent

French Madagascar (part of the French colonial empire and the French Union)[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Post Abolished (February 1897–27 May 1957)
1 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)[7]
27 May 1957 14 October 1958 1 years, 140 days Social Democratic Party

Malagasy Republic[edit]

Malagasy Republic (autonomous within the French Community)[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(1) Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
14 October 1958 1 May 1959 199 days Social Democratic Party
Post Abolished (1 May 1959–26 June 1960)

Malagasy Republic (independent country)[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Post Abolished (26 June 1960–18 May 1972)
1 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F011092-0001, BPA, Generalstabschef aus Madagaskar.jpg Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)
18 May 1972 5 February 1975
(Resigned)
2 years, 263 days Military
Post Abolished (5 February 1975–30 December 1975)

Democratic Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Post Abolished (30 December 1975–11 January 1976)
2 No image.png Joel Rakotomalala
(1929–1976)
11 January 1976 30 July 1976[8] 201 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
3 No image.png Justin Rakotoniaina
(1933–2001)
12 August 1976 1 August 1977 354 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
4 No image.png Désiré Rakotoarijaona
(b. 1934)
1 August 1977 12 February 1988 10 years, 195 days Military
5 No image.png Victor Ramahatra
(b. 1945)
12 February 1988 8 August 1991 3 years, 177 days Military
6 No image.png Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
8 August 1991 12 September 1992 1 years, 35 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar

Third Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(6) No image.png Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
12 September 1992 9 August 1993 331 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
7 No image.png Francisque Ravony
(1942–2003)
9 August 1993 30 October 1995 2 years, 82 days Committee for Support of Democracy and Development in Madagascar
8 No image.png Emmanuel Rakotovahiny
(b. 1938)
30 October 1995 28 May 1996 211 days National Union for Democracy and Development
9 No image.png Norbert Ratsirahonana
(b. 1938)
28 May 1996 21 February 1997 269 days Judged by Your Work Party
10 No image.png Pascal Rakotomavo
(1934–2010)
21 February 1997 23 July 1998 1 years, 152 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
11 No image.png Tantely Andrianarivo
(b. 1954)
23 July 1998 31 May 2002[9] 3 years, 312 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
12 No image.png Jacques Sylla
(1946–2009)[10]
26 February 2002 20 January 2007 4 years, 328 days Independent
No image.png Jean-Jacques Rasolondraibe
(b. 1947)[11]
31 May 2002 5 July 2002 32 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
13 Charles Rabemananjara detail, 12th AU Summit, 090203-N-0506A-616.jpg Charles Rabemananjara
(b. 1947)
20 January 2007 17 March 2009[12] 2 years, 56 days I Love Madagascar
14 No image.png Monja Roindefo
(b. 1965)[13]
17 March 2009 10 October 2009[14] 207 days Madagascar for the Malagasy
15 No image.png Eugène Mangalaza
(b. 1950)
10 October 2009 18 December 2009 69 days Independent
No image.png Cécile Manorohanta
18 December 2009 20 December 2009 1 years, 2 days Young Malagasies Determined
16 No image.png Albert Camille Vital
(b. 1952)
20 December 2009 11 December 2010 356 days Military

Fourth Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(16) No image.png Albert Camille Vital
(b. 1952)
11 December 2010 2 November 2011 326 days Military
17 Jean Omer Beriziky-IMG 0958.jpg Omer Beriziky
(b. 1950)
2 November 2011 16 April 2014 2 years, 165 days Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery
18 Roger Kolo 2014.jpg Roger Kolo
(b. 1943)
16 April 2014 17 January 2015 276 days Independent
19 No image.png Jean Ravelonarivo
(b. 1959)
17 January 2015 Incumbent 108 days Independent

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Chief Minister
  2. ^ Died in office
  3. ^ Deposed by his brother Rainilaiarivony
  4. ^ Deposed after the Second Madagascar expedition
  5. ^ Removed from office
  6. ^ Principal Governor
  7. ^ Vice President of the Executive Council
  8. ^ Died in a helicopter accident
  9. ^ Under house arrest by Ravalomanana from 27 May 2002
  10. ^ Appointed by Ravalomanana
  11. ^ Appointed by Ratsiraka
  12. ^ Deposed in the 2009 crisis
  13. ^ Appointed by Rajoelina on 7 February 2009
  14. ^ Continued in opposition to 13 November 2009

External links[edit]