Prime Minister of Malaysia
|Prime Minister of Malaysia
|Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)|
|Member of||House of Representatives, Cabinet, National Finance Council|
|Seat||Central Main Block of Perdana Putra, Putrajaya|
as Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
|Term length||While commanding the confidence of the lower house of Parliament|
|Constituting instrument||Federal Constitution of Malaysia|
|Inaugural holder||Tunku Abdul Rahman|
|Formation||31 August 1957|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia|
|Salary||MYR 22,826.65 not included other major income|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the indirectly elected head of government (executive) of Malaysia. He is officially appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the head of state, who in HM's judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of that House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat), the elected lower house of Parliament. He heads the Cabinet, whose members are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the prime minister's advice. The Prime Minister and his Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament. The Prime Minister's Department (sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister's Office) is the body and ministry in which the Prime Minister exercises its functions and powers.
The current prime minister is Najib Razak.
|This section requires expansion. (September 2012)|
The prime minister has been from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) since independence. It is the largest component party of the Barisan Nasional (National Front), which was known as the Perikatan (Alliance Party) until the 1969 general election.
Tunku Abdul Rahman was the Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya, restyled to Prime Minister of Malaysia in 16 September 1963 after the formation of Malaysia. Federation of Malaya became independent on 31 August 1957.
The 6th prime minister, Mohd Najib bin Abdul Razak is the eldest son of the second prime minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak bin Hussein.
Requirements for taking office
According to the constitution, the Prime Minister must be a member of the House of Representatives and command the confidence of the majority members of Dewan Rakyat; citizen of Malaysia but not by naturalisation.
The Prime Minister and his cabinet ministers shall take and subscribe in the presence of Yang di-Pertuan Agong the oath of office and allegiance and the oath of secrecy before exercise the functions of the office. The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament.
Although statutory states that the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has discretion in the appointment of the prime minister, the appointment is invariably given to the chief of the dominant party which commanding the most seats in lower house of parliament.
If the Prime Minister ceases to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the House of Representatives, then, unless at his request the Yang di-Pertuan Agong dissolves Parliament, the Prime Minister shall tender the resignation of the Cabinet.
Caretaker Prime Minister
Under Article 55(3) of Constitution of Malaysia, the lower house of Parliament unless sooner dissolved by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong with HM's own discretion on the advice of the prime minister shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. Article 55(4) of the Constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and Parliament shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one Parliament and the convening of the next,the prime minister and the cabinet remain in office in a caretaker capacity.
Acting Prime Minister
List of Prime Ministers of Malaysia
Party: United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
|Picture||Term of office||Party||Coalition||Honorific title|
|Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|00||1||Tunku Abdul Rahman
MP for Kuala Muda
|31 August 1957||27 June 1959||4770||UMNO||AP||Father of Independence
Father of Malaysia
|01||19 August 1959||1 March 1964|
|02||21 March 1964||20 March 1969|
|03||10 May 1969||22 September 1970|
|2||Abdul Razak Hussein
MP for Pekan
|22 September 1970||31 July 1974||1940||UMNO||AP||Father of Development
|04||24 August 1974||14 January 1976||BN|
MP for Johor Timur
|14 January 1976||12 June 1978||2010||UMNO||BN||Father of Unity
|05||8 July 1978||16 July 1981|
MP for Kubang Pasu
|16 July 1981||29 March 1982||8142||UMNO||BN||Father of Modernisation
|06||22 April 1982||19 July 1986|
|07||3 August 1986||4 October 1990|
|08||21 October 1990||6 April 1995|
|09||25 April 1995||10 November 1999|
|10||29 November 1999||31 October 2003|
|5||Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
MP for Kepala Batas
|31 October 2003||2 March 2004||1981||UMNO||BN||Father of Human Capital Development
(Bapa Pembangunan Modal Insan)
|11||21 March 2004||13 February 2008|
|12||8 March 2008||3 April 2009|
MP for Pekan
|3 April 2009||3 April 2013||2126||UMNO||BN||Father of Transformation
|13||6 May 2013||Incumbent|
Living former Prime Ministers
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prime ministers of Malaysia.|
- PM and his cabinet ministers salary
- The UK Statute Law Database: Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 (c. 60)
- Prime Ministers of Malaysia
- "We should not forget Sambanthan’s contributions - Opinion | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- Tokoh Negara. Malaysiamerdeka.gov.my. Retrieved on 27 September 2013.
- Kronologi membawa kepada pelucutan semua jawatan. arkibcmk.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 27 September 2013.[unreliable source?]