Prime Minister of Mongolia

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Prime Minister of Mongolia
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
Official Emblem of Mongolia
Incumbent
Chimediin Saikhanbileg

since 21 November 2014
Term length 4 years or less per election term
(No limits are imposed on total times or length of Prime Minister tenures of the same person.)
Inaugural holder Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren (1912)
Puntsagiin Jasrai (1992)
Formation November 1912
21 July 1992
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mongolia

The Prime Minister of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий Сайд, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhii Said) is the highest member of the Mongolian government's executive arm, and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by Parliament, and can be removed by a vote of no confidence.

Powers[edit]

The Prime Minister appoints the governors of the 21 aimags of Mongolia, as well as the governor of the capital, Ulaanbaatar.[1]

History[edit]

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1912, shortly after (Outer) Mongolia first declared independence from the Manchu Qing Dynasty. This was not recognized by many nations. By the time of Mongolia's second (and more generally recognized) declaration of independence (from the Chinese republic) in 1921, the office was controlled by a Communist group known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. 1924 the party established the Mongolian People's Republic, and the Prime Minister's post was superseded by one known by the title "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars". This was changed to "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" in 1946. The title of Prime Minister was only revived in 1990, when the People's Revolutionary Party gradually released its hold on power. Regardless of the changes of name, however, the modern Mongolian government recognizes the office as having existed continuously since 1912, and counts all holders of the office as Prime Ministers.

There is some confusion as to the first holder of the office. A lama named Tseren (or Tserenchimed) held office as "Prime Minister" during a provisional government, and is sometimes cited as the first holder of the modern office. However, the current[needs update] Mongolian government considers Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, the first formal office-holder, to be the first. There is also some confusion over the status of Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav - some consider him to have only been acting Prime Minister, while some consider him to have been a full Prime Minister. The Mongolian government[needs update] takes the latter view.

List of Prime Ministers (since 1992)[edit]

Norovyn Altankhuyag Sükhbaataryn Batbold Sanjaagiin Bayar Miyeegombyn Enkhbold Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Nambaryn Enkhbayar Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa Janlavyn Narantsatsralt Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan Puntsagiin Jasrai

             People's Revolutionary Party & People's Party              Democratic Party

Portrait Name Term of office Electoral mandates Party
Took Office Left Office Days
1
No image.svg
Puntsagiin Jasrai 21 July 1992 19 July 1996 1459 1992 — 56.90% People's Revolutionary Party
2
No image.svg
Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 19 July 1996 23 April 1998 643 1996 — 47.00% Democratic Party
3 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor.jpg Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(1st term)
23 April 1998 9 December 1998 230 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
4
No image.svg
Janlavyn Narantsatsralt 9 December 1998 22 July 1999 225 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
During this interval, Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa was the Acting Prime Minister.
5
No image.svg
Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 30 July 1999 26 July 2000 362 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
6 Nambaryn Enkhbayar 2005.jpg Nambaryn Enkhbayar 26 July 2000 20 August 2004 1486 2000 — 51.60% People's Revolutionary Party
(3) Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor.jpg Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(2nd term)
20 August 2004 13 January 2006 511 2004 — 44.27%
(Hung State Great Khural)
Democratic Party
7 Miyeegombyn Enkhbold 25 January 2006 22 November 2007 678 State Great
Khural Resolution

(Hung State Great Khural)
People's Revolutionary Party
8 Sanjaa Bayar August 2009-6.jpg Sanjaagiin Bayar
(1st term)
22 November 2007 29 June 2008 707 State Great
Khural Resolution

(Hung State Great Khural)
People's Revolutionary Party
Sanjaagiin Bayar
(2nd term)
29 June 2008 29 October 2009 2008 — 52.67%
9 Sükhbaataryn Batbold.jpg Sükhbaataryn Batbold 29 October 2009 10 August 2012 1016 State Great
Khural Resolution
People's Revolutionary Party (2009-10)
People's Party (2010-12)
10 Altankhuyag.jpg Norovyn Altankhuyag 10 August 2012 5 November 2014 817 2012 — 35.32%
(Hung State Great Khural)
Democratic Party
During this interval, Dendeviin Terbishdagva was the Acting Prime Minister.
11 No image.svg Chimediin Saikhanbileg 21 November 2014 present 34 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
Grand Coalition (DP-MPP-MPRP-MNDP)

Living former Prime Ministers (1992–present)[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 1996–1998 1955 (age 58–59)
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 1998–1999
2004–2006
(1963-03-30) 30 March 1963 (age 51)
Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa (Acting) 1999 1958 (age 55–56)
Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 1999–2000 (1961-02-02) 2 February 1961 (age 53)
Nambaryn Enkhbayar 2000–2004 (1958-06-01) 1 June 1958 (age 56)
Miyeegombyn Enkhbold 2006–2007 (1964-07-19) 19 July 1964 (age 50)
Sanjaagiin Bayar 2007–2009 (1956-03-04) 4 March 1956 (age 58)
Sükhbaataryn Batbold 2009–2012 (1963-06-24) 24 June 1963 (age 51)
Norovyn Altankhuyag 2012–2014 (1958-01-20) 20 January 1958 (age 56)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 47

External links[edit]