Prime Minister of Montenegro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
President of the Government of Montenegro
Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
Coat of Arms of Montenegro
Milo Đukanović.jpg
Incumbent
Milo Đukanović

since 4 December 2012
Appointer Filip Vujanović,
as President of Montenegro
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Vojvoda Božo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation 20 March 1879
Website www.gov.me
Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Montenegro
Constitution

The Prime Minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Premijer Crne Gore) (Premier of Montenegro), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the Parliament the Government's Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the Prime Minister will cause the fall of the Government.

The current Prime Minister, Milo Đukanović, leader of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, was appointed by President Filip Vujanović on 4 December 2012 for his fourth non-consecutive term.

History of the office[edit]

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council. On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a Kingdom. During the existence of both Principality and Kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence and depended solely on the will of the Prince (later King) Nikola I.

After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during the World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad for the rest of its continuation.

After the Podgorica Assembly decided to unify Montenegro with Serbia on November 26, 1918 and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the Prime Minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint Prime Ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly thereafter, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro got its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with Minister for Montenegro being in charge of creating first real government of post-War Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by Prime Minister until February 4, 1953, President of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991 and again Prime Minister since then.

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

Principality[edit]

      True People's Party       Radical Party       People's Party       Serb People's Party       Non-party

Order Head of Government Lifespan Took office Left office Party Note
Presidents of the Ministerial Council
1879 - 1910
1 Božo Petrović vojvoda.png   Vojvoda Božo Petrović-Njegoš 1846–1929 20 March 1879 19 December 1905 None Member of the House of Petrović-Njegoš.
2 Lazar Mijuškovic 1916.jpg   Lazar Mijušković 1867–1936 19 December 1905 24 November 1906 True People's Party First term.
3 No image.png   Marko Radulović 1866–1935 24 November 1906 1 February 1907 Radical Party
4 Andrija Radovic.jpg   Andrija Radović 1872–1947 1 February 1907 17 April 1907 People's Party First term.
5 No image.png   Lazar Tomanović 1845–1932 17 April 1907 28 August 1910 Serb People's Party

Kingdom[edit]

      Serb People's Party       True People's Party       People's Party       Non-party

Order Head of Government Lifespan Took office Left office Party Note
Presidents of the Ministerial Council
1910 - 1922
5 No image.png   Lazar Tomanović 1845–1932 28 August 1910 19 June 1912 Serb People's Party
6 Mitar Martinovich Min of Montenegro.jpg   Mitar Martinović 1870–1954 19 June 1912 8 May 1913 Independent Military officer (Vojvoda).
7 Brigadir Janko Vukotic.jpg   Janko Vukotić 1866–1927 8 May 1913 16 July 1915 Independent Military officer (Serdar).
8 No image.png   Milo Matanović 1879–1955 16 July 1915 2 January 1916 Independent Military officer (General).
First term.
9 Lazar Mijuškovic 1916.jpg   Lazar Mijušković 1867–1936 2 January 1916 12 May 1916 True People's Party Second term.
Headed government-in-exile.
10 Andrija Radovic.jpg   Andrija Radović 1872–1947 12 May 1916 17 January 1917 People's Party Second term.
Headed government-in-exile.
11 No image.png   Milo Matanović 1879–1955 17 January 1917 11 June 1917 Independent Military officer (General).
Second term.
Headed government-in-exile.
12 No image.png   Evgenije Popović 1842–1931 11 June 1917 17 February 1919 Independent Headed government-in-exile.
13 Anto Gvozdenović.jpg   Anto Gvozdenović 1853–1935 17 February 1919 1 March 1921 Independent Military officer (General).
First term.
Headed government-in-exile.
14 No image.png   Jovan Plamenac 1873–1944 1 March 1921 13 January 1922 True People's Party Headed government-in-exile.
15 No image.png   Milutin Vučinić 1869–1922 13 January 1922 13 February 1922 Independent Military officer (General).
Headed government-in-exile.
16 Anto Gvozdenović.jpg   Anto Gvozdenović 1853–1935 13 February 1922 13 July 1922 Independent Military officer (General).
Second term.
Headed government-in-exile.

Republic[edit]

      League of Communists of Yugoslavia       Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro

Order Head of Government Lifespan Term of office

Electoral
mandates
Party Notes
Minister for Montenegro
1945
N/A Milovan Đilas.jpg   Milovan Đilas 1911–1995 7 March
1945
17 April
1945
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
 —
Prime Minister
1945 - 1953
N/A No image.png   Blažo Jovanović 1907–1976 17 April
1945
4 February
1953
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
(renamed)
 — League of Communists of Yugoslavia
(renamed)
Presidents of the Executive Council
1953 - 1991
1 (17) No image.png   Blažo Jovanović 1907–1976 4 February
1953
16 December
1953
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
2 (18) No image.png   Filip Bajković 1910–1985 16 December
1953
12 July
1962
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
3 (19) No image.png   Đorđije Pajković 1917–1980 12 July
1962
25 June
1963
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
4 (20) No image.png   Veselin Đuranović 1925–1997 25 June
1963
8 December
1966
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
5 (21) No image.png   Mijuško Šibalić 1915–1995 8 December
1966
5 May
1967
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
6 (22) No image.png   Vidoje Žarković 1927–2000 5 May
1967
7 October
1969
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
7 (23) No image.png   Žarko Bulajić 1922–2009 7 October
1969
6 May
1974
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
8 (24) No image.png   Marko Orlandić 1930– 6 May
1974
28 April
1978
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
9 (25) No image.png   Momčilo Cemović 1928–2001 28 April
1978
7 May
1982
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
10 (26) No image.png   Radivoje Brajović 1935– 7 May
1982
6 June
1986
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
11 (27) No image.png   Vuko Vukadinović 1937–1993 6 June
1986
29 March
1989
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
12 (28) No image.png   Radoje Kontić 1937– 29 March
1989
15 February
1991
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
Prime Ministers
1991 onwards
1 (29) Milo Đukanović.jpg   Milo Đukanović 1962– 15 February
1991
5 February
1998
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro First term.
On April 28 1992 Yugoslavia dissolved entirely, Serbia and Montenegro entered into a new union, the FR Yugoslavia (in 2003 renamed into Serbia and Montenegro).
1990, 1992, 1996
2 (30) FilipVujanovic.jpg   Filip Vujanović 1954– 5 February
1998
8 January
2003
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
1998, 2001
1 (29) Milo Đukanović.jpg   Milo Đukanović 1962– 8 January
2003
10 November
2006
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Second term.
State Union of Serbia and Montenegro had dissolved on 3 June 2006, with Đukanović becoming the first Prime Minister of independent Montenegro.
2002
3 (31) No image.png   Željko Šturanović 1960–2014 10 November
2006
29 February
2008
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Resigned due to illness.
2006
1 (29) Milo Đukanović.jpg   Milo Đukanović 1962– 29 February
2008
29 December
2010
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Third term.
2009
4 (32) Igor Lukšic - World Economic Forum on Europe 2011.jpg   Igor Lukšić 1976– 29 December
2010
4 December
2012
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Lukšić was the youngest head of government in the world during his time in office.
 —
1 (29) Milo Đukanović.jpg   Milo Đukanović 1962– 4 December
2012
Incumbent Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Fourth term.
2012

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Name Term Date of birth
Marko Orlandić 1974–1978 28 September 1930
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 11 January 1935
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 31 May 1937
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 1 September 1954
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 14 June 1976

See also[edit]

External links[edit]