Prime Minister of Burma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Prime Minister of Myanmar)
Jump to: navigation, search
Prime Minister of Myanmar
Former political post
State seal of Myanmar.svg
TheinSeinASEAN.jpg
Thein Sein
Successor None
First officeholder U Nu
Last officeholder Thein Sein
Office began 4 January 1948
Office ended 30 March 2011
State seal of Myanmar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Burma

The Prime Minister of Burma was the head of government of Burma, also called Myanmar, from 1948 to 2011.

History of the office[edit]

The position of Prime Minister was created in 1948, when Burma gained independence from the United Kingdom. Since then, eleven people have held the office (with two of them doing so on multiple occasions). Due to the country's long period of military rule, it has not been uncommon for the Prime Minister to be a serving (or recently retired) military officer.

The actual power of the Prime Minister has considerably varied over time, differing based on who holds the office. In 2004, a power struggle between the then head of state, Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, and his Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt resulted in the Prime Minister being dismissed and arrested.

The position was abolished on 30 March 2011, according to the current Constitution (adopted in 2008). It provided that the President is both the head of state and head of government.

List of Prime Ministers of Burma/Myanmar (1948–2011)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)


[1]
Picture Prime Minister
(Life)
Took office Left office Party
1 U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
(1907–1995)
4 January 1948 12 June 1956[2] Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
2 Ba Swe.jpg Ba Swe
(1915–1987)
12 June 1956 1 March 1957 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(1) U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
(1907–1995)
1 March 1957 29 October 1958[3] Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
3 General Ne Win PM of Burma 1959.jpg Ne Win
(1911–2002)
29 October 1958 4 April 1960[4] Military
(1) U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
(1907–1995)
4 April 1960 2 March 1962[5] Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(3) General Ne Win PM of Burma 1959.jpg Ne Win
(1911–2002)
2 March 1962 4 July 1962 Military
(3) 4 July 1962 4 March 1974 Military / Burma Socialist Programme Party
4 No image.png Sein Win
(1919–1993)
4 March 1974 29 March 1977[6] Military / Burma Socialist Programme Party
5 Mgmgkha.jpg Maung Maung Kha
(1920–1995)
29 March 1977 26 July 1988[7] Military / Burma Socialist Programme Party
6 No image.png Tun Tin
(1920–)
26 July 1988 18 September 1988[8] Military / Burma Socialist Programme Party
7 SawMaung.jpg Saw Maung
(1928–1997)
21 September 1988 23 April 1992[9] Military
8 Than Shwe 2010-10-11.jpg Than Shwe
(1933–)
23 April 1992 25 August 2003 Military
9 Khin Nyunt.jpg Khin Nyunt
(1939–)
25 August 2003 18 October 2004[10] Military
10 SoeWin cropped.jpg Soe Win
(1947–2007)
19 October 2004 12 October 2007[11] Military
11 TheinSeinASEAN.jpg Thein Sein
(1945–)
12 October 2007 29 April 2010 Military
(11) 29 April 2010 2 June 2010 Independent
(11) 2 June 2010 30 March 2011 Union Solidarity and Development Party
Post Abolished (30 March 2011–Present)

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ These numbers are not official. The "—" denotes acting head of government.
  2. ^ Resigned
  3. ^ Handed over power to the military
  4. ^ Handed back power to the civilian government after the 1960 general election
  5. ^ Deposed in the 1962 Burmese coup d'état
  6. ^ Removed from office due to the economic problems of the country
  7. ^ Resigned during the 8888 Uprising
  8. ^ Deposed in a a coup d'état during the 8888 Uprising
  9. ^ Removed from office due to ill health
  10. ^ Removed from office and placed under house arrest
  11. ^ Died in office

External links[edit]