Prime Minister of Portugal
|Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic|
|Residence||São Bento Palace
|Appointer||President of Portugal|
|Term length||4 years maximum (Parliament can be dissolved sooner). No term limits.|
|Inaugural holder||Pedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela|
|Formation||24 September 1834|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Prime Minister is the current title of the chief of the Portuguese Government. As chief executive, the Prime Minister coordinates the action of ministers, representing the Government from the other organs of state, accountable to Parliament and keeps the President informed. The prime minister can earn the role of head of government with the folders of one or more ministries.
There is no limit to the number of terms as prime minister. This is nominated by the President after legislative elections, to elect members to the Parliament, after having heard the parties represented in the Parliament. Usually, the named is the leader of the winning party in the elections.
The first Prime Minister of Portugal was Pedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela, who was sworn in on 24 September 1834. The title of Prime Minister suffered several changes along the years, having names of differents functions and skills. Some of the names above, the post were: chief minister, chief steward, clerk of the purity, Secretary of State, Secretary of State for Internal Affairs of the Kingdom, assistant minister for Shipping, President of the Council of Ministers, head of the ministry and chairman of the Council. The actual appointment of the prime minister, attributed to the head of the Government of Portugal, was officially established with the Constitution of 1976, due to the revolution of 25 April 1974
The incumbent Prime Minister of Portugal is Pedro Passos Coelho, who took office on 21 June 2011 as 12th Prime Minister of the second Portuguese Constitutional Republic. The official residence of the Prime Minister, a mansion next to São Bento Palace, which, in confusion, is also often called "São Bento Palace".
Portuguese Prime-Ministers: 1st Mario Soares (two terms); 2nd Alfredo Nobre da Costa; 3rd Carlos Mota Pinto; 4th Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo; 5th Francisco Sá Carneiro; (interim) Diogo Freitas do Amaral - vice-prime-minister; 6th Francisco Pinto Balsemão; 1st Mario Soares (third term); 7th Aníbal Cavaco Silva (three terms); 8th António Guterres (two terms); 9th Durão Barroso; 10th Santana Lopes; 11th José Sócrates (two terms); 12th Passos Coelho.
Graphical timeline (since 1974)
Living former Prime Ministers
There are eight living former Portuguese Prime Ministers: