Prime Minister of Singapore

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Prime Minister of
the Republic of Singapore
Crest of the Prime Minister of Singapore.png
Prime Minister's Crest
Lee Hsien Loong - 20101112.jpg
Incumbent
Lee Hsien Loong

since 14 August 2004
Residence Sri Temasek
Appointer S.R. Nathan
(as President of Singapore)
Term length 5 years or earlier, renewable.
The Parliament of Singapore must be dissolved every 5 years or earlier by the Prime Minister. The leader of the largest party in the parliament will become the Prime Minister.
Inaugural holder Lee Kuan Yew
Formation 3 June 1959
Salary S$2.2 million annually
Website http://www.pmo.gov.sg/
Coat of arms of Singapore (blazon).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Singapore
Constitution
Foreign relations

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (Malay: Perdana Menteri Republik Singapura; Chinese: 新加坡共和国总理; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசின் பிரதமர்) is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore. The President of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs.

The office of Prime Minister dates back to 1959 and was appointed at first by the Governor of Singapore then the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (vice-regal head of state), when Singapore achieved self-governance as the State of Singapore within the British Empire. The title of Prime Minister remained unchanged after the merger with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and British North Borneo, while Singapore was a state in the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965, and after independence in 1965.

Lee Kuan Yew was the first prime minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. Lee was succeeded by Goh Chok Tong and was conferred the title of Senior Minister in the Prime Minister's Office. Goh retired on 12 August 2004 and was succeeded by Lee Kuan Yew's son Lee Hsien Loong. Goh was appointed Senior Minister, and the elder Lee Minister Mentor. Lee and Goh resigned in 2011.

List of Prime Ministers of Singapore (1959-present)[edit]

Self-governance of Singapore (1959-1965)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Party Deputies Days
1 Lee Kuan Yew cropped.jpg Lee Kuan Yew
李光耀
லீ குவான் இயூ
(1923-)
MP for Tanjong Pagar SMC
3 June 1959 9 August 1965 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Toh Chin Chye 2259
1959, 1963

Republic of Singapore (1965-present)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Party Deputies Days
1 Lee Kuan Yew cropped.jpg Lee Kuan Yew
李光耀
லீ குவான் இயூ
(1923-)
MP for Tanjong Pagar SMC
9 August 1965 28 November 1990 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Toh Chin Chye, Goh Keng Swee
S. Rajaratnam, Goh Chok Tong
Ong Teng Cheong
9242
1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988
The first Prime Minister of Singapore. He is one of the founding fathers of modern Singapore. The youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 35. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Singapore. He presided over the expansion of Singapore's economy from a third world country into a first world country. He introduced the National Service (NS) scheme, with the help of his Defence Minister Goh Keng Swee. He introduced the 'Stop-At-Two' policy in 1960s, for fearing of over expansion of Singapore population. In the 1980s, he introduced 'Graduate Mother Scheme', which received a huge backlash. The policy was withdrawn shortly thereafter. He led the PAP into 8 consecutive election victories.
2 GohChokTong-WashingtonDC-20010614.jpg Goh Chok Tong
吴作栋
கோ சொக் தொங்
(1941-)
MP for Marine Parade GRC
28 November 1990 12 August 2004 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Ong Teng Cheong, Lee Hsien Loong
Tony Tan Keng Yam
5006
1991, 1997, 2001
The second Prime Minister of Singapore. He introduced several major policies and policy institutions, such as Medisave, Non-Constituency Members of Parliament, Government Parliamentary Committees, Group representation constituency, Nominated Members of Parliament, Vehicle Quota Scheme, Elected President and Singapore 21. He presides Singapore experienced several crises, such as the 1997 Asian financial crisis, threats of terrorism including the 2011 Singapore embassies attack plot by Jemaah Islamiyah, the 2001-2003 economic recession, and the 2003 SARS outbreak. He also introduced the 'Baby Bonus' scheme in a bid to increase birth rates. Prior his appointment as PM, he served as Senior Minister of State for Finance, Minister for Trade and Industry, Minister for Health, Minister for Defence and first Deputy Prime Minister.
3 Lee Hsien Loong - 20101112.jpg Lee Hsien Loong
李显龙
லீ சியன் லூங்
(1952-)
MP for Ang Mo Kio GRC
12 August
2004
Incumbent PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Tony Tan Keng Yam, S. Jayakumar
Wong Kan Seng, Teo Chee Hean
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
3637
2006, 2011
The third Prime Minister of Singapore. He introduced 'Five-Day' working week for Civil Servants, with the hope of increasing the birth rate. One of his major accomplishments was to propose the building of 2 Integrated Resorts (IR) in Singapore. It creates a huge avenue for Singapore's economy. Singapore hosted the inaugural summer Youth Olympic Games in 2010. Abolished ranking of schools. In 2013, He presides the worst haze problem in Singapore and worst Dengue epidemic. Prior to his appointment as PM, he served as Deputy Prime Minister (1991-2004), Minister of Finance, Minister of Trade & Industry.

Living former prime ministers[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Lee Kuan Yew
1959–1990
(1923-09-16) 16 September 1923 (age 90)
Goh Chok Tong
1990–2004
(1941-05-20) 20 May 1941 (age 73)

List of deputy prime ministers[edit]

The role of Deputy Prime Minister is the second highest post and senior Cabinet Minister in Singapore. The holder will sometimes assume the role of Acting Prime Minister when the PM is temporarily absent from Singapore. Since the mid-1980s, Singapore has usually had two Deputy Prime Ministers at a time. Only Ong Teng Cheong and Tony Tan served under more than one Prime Minister during their time as Deputy Prime Minister.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]