Prime Minister of Slovakia

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Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
Robert Fico official gov portrait.jpeg
Incumbent
Robert Fico

since 4 April 2012
Residence Summer Archbishop's Palace
Appointer President
Term length The Prime minister's term of office depends on support of the National Council.
Inaugural holder Štefan Sádovský
Formation 2 January 1969
Website http://www.vlada.gov.sk/
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Slovakia

The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky) also known as Prime minister (Premiér) is the head of the Government of Slovakia and the third highest constitutional official after the President of Slovakia and the Speaker of the National Council. The office itself was created in 1969 and since then there has been 14 prime ministers serving in the office. Since 1993, when independent Slovakia emerged, seven prime ministers (five individuals only) have been serving in the office. On April 4, 2012, Robert Fico became the 7th and current prime minister.

History[edit]

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Law of Federation. However, a similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak state respectively. From 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been five persons to hold the office. From 2012 the current Prime Minister is Robert Fico.

Powers and role[edit]

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia[edit]

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia[edit]

First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938)[edit]

Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia

Land President of Slovakia

Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938-1939)[edit]

Prime Ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia

First Slovak Republic (1939–1945)[edit]

Prime Ministers of the first Slovak Republic

Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945-1948)[edit]

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948-1989)[edit]

(1 January 1969 - 5 March 1990 called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia)

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic

  1. Štefan Sádovský: 2 January 1969 – 5 May 1969
  2. Peter Colotka: 5 May 1969 – 12 October 1988
  3. Ivan Knotek: 13 October 1988 – 22 June 1989
  4. Pavel Hrivnák: 23 June 1989 – 8 December 1989

Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (1990-1992)[edit]

(6 March 1990 - 31 December 1992 called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia)

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Republic

Parties

      KSČ       VPN       KDH

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
5 Milan Čič (jan. 2012).jpg Milan Čič
(1932–2012)
12 December 1989 26 June 1990 196 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
(KSČ)
I VPN 5 ( ···· )
6 Vladimir meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
27 June 1990 22 April 1991 299 Public Against Violence
(VPN)
I VPNKDHDS – MNI 6 (1990)
7 Ján Čarnogurský (2012).jpg Ján Čarnogurský
(born 1944)
23 April 1991 24 June 1992 428 Christian Democratic Movement
(KDH)
I VPNKDHDS – MNI 6 ( ···· )

Slovak Republic (1993-Present)[edit]

From 1 January 1993 after the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

Political Party:       HZDS / ĽS-HZDS       SDK       DEÚS / SDKÚ / SDKÚ-DS       SMER-SD

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 2)
Vladimir meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
24 June 1992 15 March 1994 629 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
II HZDSSNS 7 (1992)
2 Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg Jozef Moravčík
(born 1945)
15 March 1994 13 December 1994 273 Democratic Union of Slovakia
(DEÚS)
I DEÚSKDHSDĽ – NDS 7 ( ···· )
1
(2 of 2)
Vladimir meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
13 December 1994 30 October 1998 1417 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
III HZDSZRSSNSRSS 1 (1994)
3 Mikulas Dzurinda.jpg Mikuláš Dzurinda
(born 1955)
30 October 1998 15 October 2002 2804 Slovak Democratic Coalition
(SDK)
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
I SDKSDĽSMKSOP
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
2 (1998)
16 October 2002 4 July 2006 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union
(SDKÚ)
II SDKÚSMKKDHANO 3 (2002)
4
(1 of 2)
Robert Fico official gov portrait.jpeg Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 July 2006 8 July 2010 1465 Direction – Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
I SMER-SDSNSĽS-HZDS 4 (2006)
5 Iveta Radičová (jan. 2012).jpg Iveta Radičová
(born 1956)
8 July 2010 4 April 2012 636 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
(SDKÚ-DS)
I SDKÚ-DSSaSKDHM-H 5 (2010)
4
(2 of 2)
Robert Fico official gov portrait.jpeg Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 April 2012 Incumbent 875 Direction – Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
II SMER-SD 6 (2012)

See also[edit]