Prime Minister of Somalia

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Prime Minister of Somalia
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Abdiwelisheikhahmed3.jpg
Incumbent
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed

since 21 December 2013
Style His Excellency
Appointer Hassan Sheikh Mohamud,
as President of Somalia
Inaugural holder Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
Formation 29 February 1956
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister of Somalia
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia

The Prime Minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaare, Arabic: رئيس وزراء الصومال‎) is the head of government in Somalia. There have been 18 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first Prime Minister was Abdullahi Issa Mohamud, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somalia. The incumbent Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia is Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed.

Prime Ministers of Somalia (1956–Present)[edit]

No. Name
(birth–death)
Picture Took office Left office Political party
Trust Territory of Somalia
1 Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
(1921–1988)
No image.png 29 February 1956 1 July 1960 Somali Youth League
Somali Republic
2 Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
No image.png 1 July 1960 12 July 1960 Somali Youth League
3 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
(1919–1969)
Abdirashid Ali Shermarke1.jpg 12 July 1960 14 June 1964 Somali Youth League
4 Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
No image.png 14 June 1964 15 July 1967 Somali Youth League
(2) Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
No image.png 15 July 1967 21 October 1969 Somali Youth League
Somali Democratic Republic
5 Mohamed Farah Salad
(–)
No image.png 1 November 1969 March 1970 Military
Post Abolished (March 1970–1 February 1987)
6 Muhammad Ali Samatar
(1931– )
No image.png 1 February 1987 3 September 1990 Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
7 Muhammad Hawadle Madar
(–)
No image.png 3 September 1990 24 January 1991 Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
Somali Civil War
8 Umar Arteh Ghalib
(1930– )[1]
No image.png 24 January 1991 May 1993[2][1] United Somali Congress
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[1]
Transitional National Government
9 Ali Khalif Galaydh
(1941– )
Dr. Ali Khalif Galaydh Photo.JPG 8 October 2000 28 October 2001 Independent
Osman Jama Ali
(acting)
(1941– )
No image.png 28 October 2001 12 November 2001 Independent
10 Hassan Abshir Farah
(1945– )
No image.png 12 November 2001 8 December 2003 Independent
11 Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
(–)
No image.png 8 December 2003 3 November 2004 Independent
Transitional Federal Government
12 Ali Mohammed Ghedi
(1952– )
Ali Mohammed Ghedi in Kenya.jpg 3 November 2004 29 October 2007 Independent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
(acting)
(–)
No image.png 29 October 2007 24 November 2007 Independent
13 Nur Hassan Hussein
(1938– )
No image.png 24 November 2007 14 February 2009 Independent
14 Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
(1960– )
No image.png 14 February 2009 21 September 2010 Independent
Abdiwahid Elmi Gonjeh
(acting)
(–)
No image.png 24 September 2010 31 October 2010 Independent
15 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(1962– )
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo.jpg 31 October 2010 19 June 2011 Independent
16 Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
(1965– )
Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg 19 June 2011 20 August 2012 Independent
Federal Republic of Somalia
16 Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
(1965– )
Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg 20 August 2012 17 October 2012 Independent
17 Abdi Farah Shirdon
(1958– )
Abdifarshird1.jpg 17 October 2012 21 December 2013 Independent
18 Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(1959– )
Abdiwelisheikhahmed3.jpg 21 December 2013 Incumbent Independent

Deputy Prime Ministers[edit]

No. Name
(birth–death)
Picture Took office Left office Political party
Transitional Federal Government
15 Abdihakim Mohamoud Haji-Faqi
(–)
Abdihakim Mohamoud Haji-Faqi.jpg 12 November 2010 20 July 2011 Independent
16 Hussein Arab Isse
(–)
No image.png 20 July 2011 20 August 2012 Independent
Federal Republic of Somalia
16 Hussein Arab Isse
(–)
No image.png 20 August 2012 4 November 2012 Independent
17 Fowsiyo Yusuf Haji Adan
(–)
Fowziyayus.jpg 4 November 2012 17 January 2014 Independent
18 Ridwan Hirsi Mohamed
(–)
No image.png 17 January 2014 Incumbent Independent

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.
  2. ^ De facto remained in office to 3 January 1997

References[edit]