Prime Minister of Zimbabwe

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
Former political post
Coat of Arms of Zimbabwe.svg
Coat of arms of Zimbabwe
Predecessor Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia
First officeholder Robert Mugabe
Last officeholder Morgan Tsvangirai
Office began 18 April 1980
11 February 2009
Office ended 31 December 1987
11 September 2013
Coat of Arms of Zimbabwe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Zimbabwe
See also

The Prime Minister of Zimbabwe was a political office in the government of Zimbabwe that existed on two separate occasions. The first person to hold the position was Robert Mugabe from 1980 to 1987 following independence from the United Kingdom. He took office when Rhodesia became the Republic of Zimbabwe on 18 April 1980. This position was abolished when the constitution was amended in 1987 and Mugabe became President of Zimbabwe, replacing Canaan Banana as the head of state whilst also remaining the head of government. The office of Prime Minister was restored in 2009 and held by Morgan Tsvangirai until the position was again abolished by the 2013 Constitution of Zimbabwe.[1]

Original office[edit]

Zimabawe's prime ministerial office owes its origins to the country's predecessor states. The position began with George Mitchell who became Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia in 1933. All subsequent predecessor-states continued with the post until Abel Muzorewa who became Prime Minster of Zimbabwe Rhodesia in 1979. The Lancaster House Agreement brought an independence constitution which made provision for a Prime Minister of Zimbabwe along with a mostly-ceremonial President. The Southern Rhodesian general election, 1980 resulted in a ZANU-PF victory with Robert Mugabe becoming Prime Minister and Canaan Banana President. Mugabe and Banana were returned to office in 1985. However, in 1987 the government revised the constitution. The presidency and the prime ministerial posts were abolished and replaced with an executive presidency.

Restored office[edit]

The restoration of the office of Prime Minister in 2009 was a result of a power-sharing agreement made in September 2008 between Mugabe's ZANU-PF and rival candidate Morgan Tsvangirai's MDC-T after the 2008 presidential election and later run-off. Mugabe remained president while Tsvangirai was sworn into the office of Prime Minister on 11 February 2009. Executive authority was shared between the president, the prime minister and the cabinet, with ZANU-PF and the MDC-T sharing portfolio ministries. It was the Prime Minister's role to chair the council of ministers and act as the Deputy Chairperson of Cabinet and also oversee the formulation of government policies by the Cabinet. In addition, the prime minister was a member of the National Security Council, chaired by the president and sat alongside the heads of the armed forces, intelligence, prison services and police. According to section 20.1.8 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe (No. 19) Amendment, the Prime Minister, Vice-Presidents and Deputy Prime Ministers became ex officio members of the House of Assembly without needing to represent parliamentary constituencies, and the party of a constituency-based MP who concurrently served in any of the above offices held the right to nominate non-constituency members to such offices. The post of prime minister did not hold the full executive powers it held during the 1980s and the President remained head of the cabinet. In 2012 Tsvangirai claimed that the power-sharing agreement was not being honoured and that he was not being consulted by the President over some appointments.[2] The government held a referendum in March 2013 to approve a new constitution. As a result the post of Prime Minister was abolished from 11 September 2013. Tsvangirai and Mugabe both contested the general election in July 2013 for the single post of President. Mugabe was elected.

List of Prime Ministers of Zimbabwe (1980–2013)[edit]

Parties

      Zimbabwe African National Union
      Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai

# Picture Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Political Party
1 Robert Mugabe cropped.jpg Robert Mugabe
(b. 1924)
18 April 1980 31 December 1987 Zimbabwe African National Union
Post abolished (31 December 1987 – 11 February 2009)
2 Morgan Tsvangirai Oslo 2009 A.jpg Morgan Tsvangirai
(b. 1952)
11 February 2009 11 September 2013 Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai
Post abolished (11 September 2013 – present)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Mugabe appoints ZANU-PF lawyer as Zimbabwe finance minister". Reuters. 
  2. ^ Adam Robert Green (5 March 2012). "Morgan Tsvangirai, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe". This Is Africa Online. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]