Primera B Nacional

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Primera B Nacional
Primera B Nacional logo.png
Country  Argentina
Confederation CONMEBOL
Founded 1986; 28 years ago (1986)
Number of teams 22
Levels on pyramid 2
Promotion to Primera División
Relegation to Primera B Metropolitana
Torneo Argentino A
Current champions Rosario Central
(2012-13)
Most championships Olimpo (3 titles)
TV partners Canal 7
Website Official webpage
2013–14 season

Primera B Nacional (usually called simply Nacional B, in English National B Division) is the second most important category of Argentine football organized by the Argentine Football Association.

It is played by teams from all over the country. Clubs from Buenos Aires surroundings, as well as some from Santa Fe province, are promoted from or relegated to the Primera B Metropolitana (Metropolitan B Division) while for teams from the other provinces the Torneo Argentino A (Argentine A Tournament) is the next level down. In the league system of Argentine football, Nacional B is the second-highest league, and from it the two best team are automatically promoted to Primera División Argentina while the 3rd and 4th ranked teams played promotion/relegation playoffs against the 17th and 18th Primera Division teams.

History[edit]

It was created in 1985 to integrate unaffiliated clubs into the of Argentine football structure, which until then had only participated in Nacional championships of Argentina's First Division tournament. It brought together teams from the old Primera B (until then, the second division) and regional leagues from several Argentine provinces.

After the 1985/86 season, the Primera B Nacional became the second hierarchical football league in Argentina's professional football, after the First Division, and it is above the Torneo Argentino A and the Primera B or Primera B Metropolitana, the last one started to act as a third division for the teams directly affiliated to AFA.

Format[edit]

The Primera B Nacional tournament had several formats during its history. Since the 2007/08 the competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which usually lasts from August to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion. In the current format, both the champion and the runner-up are automatically promoted to Primera División. The two other possible spots go to the 3rd and 4th best placed teams, which have to face two Primera División teams in home and away playoff matches, referred to as promotion matches. Tie goes to best placed teams (ventaja deportiva), i.e. to Primera División teams.

The two Primera División teams playing the promotion matches are the 18th and 17th placed teams of a relegation table, calculated by using a three-year-average points system. The 18th placed team faces the 3rd placed team of Primera B Nacional; the 17th placed team faces the 4th.

Before this system was in place, the champions of both second division tournaments would face each other to determine the first promotion. Winner would be promoted and the loser would face the best placed team of the general standing, combining both second division tournaments. Winner would be promoted and the loser would face the 18th placed team of the relegation table. The last team, which would face the 17th placed team of the relegation table, was determined from the four best placed teams according to the general standing (taking out the best-placed team and the two champions). These four teams would face each other in a series of home and away playoff matches (semi-final and final) with ventaja deportiva. Winner would face the 17th placed team of the relegation table.

Current teams (2013–14 season)[edit]

Club District Area/Province Stadium
Aldosivi Mar del Plata Buenos Aires José María Minella
Almirante Brown Isidro Casanova Buenos Aires Fragata Presidente Sarmiento
Atlético Tucumán S.M. de Tucumán Tucumán Monumental José Fierro
Banfield Banfield Greater Buenos Aires Florencio Solá
Boca Unidos Corrientes Corrientes José Antonio Romero Feris
Brown (A) Adrogué Greater Buenos Aires Lorenzo Arandilla
Crucero del Norte Garupá Misiones Comandante Andrés Guacurarí
Defensa y Justicia Florencio Varela Greater Buenos Aires Norberto "Tito" Tomaghello
Douglas Haig Pergamino Buenos Aires Miguel Morales
Ferro Carril Oeste Caballito Buenos Aires Arquitecto Ricardo Etcheverry
Gimnasia y Esgrima (J) S.S. de Jujuy Jujuy 23 de Agosto
Huracán Parque Patricios Buenos Aires Tomás Adolfo Ducó
Independiente Avellaneda Greater Buenos Aires Libertadores de América
Independiente Rivadavia Mendoza Mendoza Bautista Gargantini
Instituto Córdoba Córdoba Presidente Perón
Patronato Paraná Entre Ríos Presbítero Bartolomé Grella
San Martín (SJ) San Juan San Juan Ingeniero Hilario Sánchez
Sarmiento (J) Junín Buenos Aires Eva Perón
Sportivo Belgrano San Francisco Córdoba Oscar Boero
Talleres (C) Córdoba Córdoba La Boutique
Unión Santa Fe Santa Fe 15 de Abril
Villa San Carlos Berisso Buenos Aires Genacio Sálice

Champions[edit]

Season Champion Runner-up Third Place
1986–87 Deportivo Armenio Banfield Belgrano
1987–88 Deportivo Mandiyú San Martin (T) Chaco For Ever
1988–89 Chaco For Ever Unión Colón
1989–90 Huracán Lanús Quilmes
1990–91 Quilmes Belgrano Banfield
1991–92 Lanús San Martin (T) Almirante Brown
1992–93 Banfield Gimnasia y Tiro Central Córdoba
1993–94 Gimnasia y Esgrima (J) Talleres (C) Instituto
1994–95 Estudiantes (LP) Colón San Martin (T)
1995–96 Huracán (C) Unión Atlético Tucumán
1996–97 Argentinos Juniors Gimnasia y Tiro Talleres (C)
1997–98 Talleres (C) Belgrano Aldosivi
1998–99 Instituto Chacarita Juniors Juventud Antoniana
1999–00 Huracán Los Andes Almagro
2000–01 Banfield Nueva Chicago Argentinos Juniors
2001–02 Olimpo Arsenal Huracán (TA)
2002–03 Atlético de Rafaela Quilmes Argentinos Juniors
2003–04 Instituto Almagro Huracán (TA)
2004–05 Tiro Federal Gimnasia y Esgrima (J) Huracán
2005–06 Godoy Cruz Nueva Chicago Belgrano
2006–07 Olimpo San Martín (SJ) Huracán
2007–08 San Martín (T) Godoy Cruz Unión
2008–09 Atlético Tucumán Chacarita Juniors Atlético de Rafaela
2009–10 Olimpo Quilmes Atlético de Rafaela
2010–11 Atlético de Rafaela Unión San Martín (SJ)
2011–12 River Plate Quilmes Instituto
2012–13 Rosario Central Gimnasia y Esgrima (LP) Olimpo

Titles by club[edit]

Team Number of titles Years/Tournaments Won
Olimpo 3 2001–02, 2006–07, 2009–10
Atlético de Rafaela 2 2002–03, 2010–11
Banfield 2 1992–93, 2000–01
Huracán 2 1989–90, 1999–00
Instituto (C) 2 1998–99, 2003–04
Argentinos Juniors 1 1996–97
Atlético Tucumán 1 2008–09
Deportivo Armenio 1 1986–87
Deportivo Mandiyú 1 1987–88
Chaco For Ever 1 1988–89
Estudiantes (LP) 1 1994–95
Gimnasia y Esgrima (J) 1 1993–94
Godoy Cruz 1 2005–06
Huracán (C) 1 1995–96
Lanús 1 1991–92
Quilmes 1 1990–91
River Plate 1 2011–12
Rosario Central 1 2012–13
San Martín (T) 1 2007–08
Talleres (C) 1 1997–98
Tiro Federal 1 2004–05

External links[edit]