Primorsk, Kaliningrad Oblast
Primorsk (Russian: Примо́рск; Lithuanian: Žuvininkai/Skanavikas; Polish: Rybaki), prior to 1945 known by its German name Fischhausen, is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Baltiysky District of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Vistula Lagoon. Population: 1,956 (2010 Census); 2,150 (2002 Census); 1,792 (1989 Census).
Primorsk is one of the oldest settlements in the region. As Fischhausen it has been associated with the name of St. Adalbert of Prague, supposedly beheaded nearby in 997 by the pagan Sambians after he destroyed their sacred oak grove. It became the seat of the Bishops of Sambia in 1243. In 1818, Fischhausen became the district seat of Kreis Fischhausen in East Prussia in the Kingdom of Prussia. The town's richly endowed church was one of the oldest in the province.
During World War II, the Soviet Red Army advanced towards Fischhausen after the capture of Königsberg. The town was captured after a battle lasting from April 21–April 24, 1945; during the fighting it was almost completely destroyed.
After the war the town was transferred to Soviet control, and in 1946 it was renamed Primorsk ("maritime" in Russian). In 2006, it was demoted in status to that of an urban-type settlement.
Notable people 
- Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, died in 1618 in Fischhausen
- Arthur von Hippel, born in 1841 in Fischhausen
- Wilhelm Wien, born in 1864 in Fischhausen
- Dietrich von Saucken, born in 1892 in Fischhausen
- Marie Jonas, born in 1893 in Fischhausen
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.