Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
By male-line descent, he is a member of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg line of the House of Oldenburg. Since reaching adulthood, he has lived in New York City and London, working as an investment consultant.
Crown Prince Pavlos was born on 20 May 1967 in Athens, to King Constantine II and Queen Anne Marie, by birth a Princess of Denmark. His mother is a sister of Margrethe II of Denmark. His maternal grandparents were Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden.
By Greek tradition, he was named for his paternal grandfather, King Paul (Pavlos) of the Hellenes. His older sister, Princess Alexia, had been born two years earlier, in 1965. Crown Prince Pavlos was baptized into the Greek Orthodox Church, with Charles, Prince of Wales (King Constantine’s second cousin), as one of his godparents.
Military coup of 1967
Crown Prince Pavlos was born into a turbulent era in Greek politics. His father, King Constantine II, had ascended to the throne on 6 March 1964, at the age of 23, following the death of his father, King Paul.
As 1967 drew to a close, the "Regime of the Colonels", led by Colonel Georgios Papadopoulos, was increasingly characterised by suppression of civil liberties, along with imprisonment or exile of opponents. In December of that year, King Constantine attempted a counter-coup, but could not rally sufficient military support. The King fled with his wife and children to Rome. Crown Prince Pavlos' younger brother Prince Nikolaos was born in Rome in 1969.
Abolition of the monarchy
During the years 1967–1973, Greece remained officially a monarchy, with a regency appointed in the absence of the king. Beginning in 1973, when Prince Pavlos was six years old, a series of rapid changes occurred in the government of Greece. On 1 June 1973, Constantine II was declared deposed and Georgios Papadopoulos became the self-appointed President of Greece. On 29 July 1973, the Greek plebiscite, 1973 was held to confirm the change.
On 17 November 1974, the Greek legislative election, 1974 was held, resulting in a victory for Constantine Karamanlis and his New Democratic (ND) party. On 8 December 1974, the Greek plebiscite, 1974 had a similar outcome to that of the previous year: the majority were in favour of a republican constitution (69%) over restoration of the monarchy (31%).
King Constantine accepted that his reign was at an end. He and Queen Anne Marie had been settled with their family in London for some time. Crown Prince Pavlos' youngest siblings were born in London, Princess Theodora in 1983 and Prince Philippos in 1986.
Pavlos was educated in London at the Hellenic College of London. He then trained as a British army officer at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst before taking a three-year commission with the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. He attended Georgetown University in Washington, DC, graduating in 1993 in International Relations, Law and Organization and completing a Master of Science in Foreign Service, specialising in Eastern Europe and the Balkans, in 1995. His roommate at Georgetown was his cousin, Don Felipe de Borbón, Prince of Asturias, heir to the Crown of Spain). Pavlos was raised bilingually, speaking both Greek and English. He also speaks German, French, Spanish and Italian. He has stated privately that, when he was a child, he was accustomed to speak primarily German (with his siblings), English (with his mother) and Greek (in classes).
- 1997 – Co-founded Griphon Asset Management, an alternative investment group
- 1998 – Co-founded Ivory Capital Group LLC and Ivory Fund Investors LLC, private investment groups focused on value-oriented equities
- 2002 – Co-founded Ortelius Capital Partners LLC, an alternative asset management group specializing in hedge funds
- 2003 – Co-founded Brigantine, a value based equity fund
Marriage and issue
Crown Prince Pavlos married American heiress Marie-Chantal Miller (now styled as Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece, Princess of Denmark) on 1 July 1995. After their marriage, the couple resided in New York City, where he worked as an investment consultant. The couple has five children:
- Princess Maria-Olympia of Greece and Denmark (born on 25 July 1996 in New York City). Among Maria-Olympia's godparents are her paternal aunt, Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark; her maternal aunt, Pia Getty; the Prince of Wales and Prince Michael of Greece.
- Prince Constantine-Alexios of Greece and Denmark (named after his grandfather; born 29 October 1998 in New York City). As oldest son and heir, Prince Constantine-Alexios has several royal godparents: his paternal uncle, Prince Nikolaos of Greece and Denmark; his maternal aunt, Princess Alexandra von Fürstenberg; his father's cousin, the Prince of Asturias; his father's cousin, the Crown Prince of Denmark; the Crown Princess of Sweden; the Duke of Cambridge; and family friend, Doris Robbs.
- Prince Achileas-Andreas of Greece and Denmark (born on 12 August 2000 in New York City)
- Prince Odysseus-Kimon of Greece and Denmark (born on 17 September 2004 in London)
- Prince Aristides-Stavros of Greece and Denmark (born on 29 June 2008 in Los Angeles)
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Crown Prince Pavlos
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Titles and styles
Crown Prince Pavlos has used the following titles and styles:
- 20 May 1967 - 1 June 1973: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Greece, Prince of Denmark, Duke of Sparta
- 1 June 1973 - present: His Royal Highness Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece, Prince of Denmark
- official in Greece: 1 June 1973 - present: His Highness Prince Pavlos of Denmark
The title "Crown Prince of Greece" and style Royal Highness are not used or recognized by the Hellenic Republic, although customarily accorded at royal courts. The attributes of Highness and "Prince of Denmark" (Prins af Danmark) derive from his dynastic male-line descent from Christian IX of Denmark and as such are recognized by the Republic of Greece.
- Dynastic Orders of Greece :
Pavlos is a scion multiple times of the "Grandparents of Europe", descending from Christian IX of Denmark through three of his children; in the male line through George I of Greece, in the female line through Frederick VIII of Denmark and through his daughter Princess Thyra, Duchess of Cumberland. He also descends thrice from Queen Victoria: once through her third son Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, and twice through her eldest daughter the Princess Royal Victoria aka the German Empress Frederick.
- The monarchy was initially abolished in 1973 by the Regime of the Colonels. Rather than reinstating the monarchy prior to holding a referendum, the new democratic government which replaced the regime left the republic in place, and accepted the Greek president as head of state until the referendum took place. The referendum opted not to reinstate the monarchy.
- Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Daughters. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp. 33, 130, 132, 159. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
- Royal Baptism photos 1999 http://www.angelfire.com/de/verenasroyalty/Baptism1999.html
- Pavlos & Marie-Chantal
- Noblesse et Royautés (French), Queen Margrethe's Ruby Jubilee, 2012, Pavlos wearing miniatures of the orders on his jacket and Marie-Chantal wearing the sash of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia
- Mad Hattery, Frederik of Denmark's Wedding, HRH Prince Pavlos & Princesss MArie Chantal
- Hindley, Geoffrey (2000). The Royal Families of Europe. New York: Caroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-0828-X.
- Miroslav Marek. "Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg". Genealogy.Eu. Retrieved 30 June 2005.[self-published source][better source needed]
- Woodhouse, C.M. (1998). Modern Greece a Short History. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-19794-9.
- Γιάννης Κάτρης (1974). Η γέννηση του νεοφασισμού στην Ελλάδα 1960–1970. Athens: Παπαζήση.
- Αλέξης Παπαχελάς (1997). Ο βιασμός της ελληνικής δημοκρατίας. Athens:Εστία. ISBN 960-05-0748-1.
Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
Cadet branch of the House of OldenburgBorn: 20 May 1967
|Lines of succession|
||Line of succession to the former Greek throne
Prince Constantine Alexios
of Greece and Denmark
The Queen of the Hellenes
|Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Arthur, son of Victoria