Prince Albert of Prussia (1837–1906)

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For other individuals with the same name, see Albert of Hohenzollern.
Prince Albert
Prince Albrecht of Prussia in 1883.jpg
Spouse Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Issue Prince Friedrich Heinrich
Prince Joachim
Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
Full name
Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Albrecht
House House of Hohenzollern
Father Prince Albert of Prussia
Mother Princess Marianne of the Netherlands
Born (1837-05-08)8 May 1837
Berlin, Prussia
Died 13 September 1906(1906-09-13) (aged 69)
Kamenz
Burial Kamenz
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Descendants of Frederick William III
Grandchildren
   Prince Friedrich Karl
   Louise, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
   Charlotte Frederica, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Meiningen
   Princess Anna
   Prince Albert
   Princess Elisabeth
   Princess Alexandrine

Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Albrecht of Prussia (8 May 1837 – 13 September 1906) was a Prussian general field marshal, Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John from 1883 until his death, and regent of the Duchy of Brunswick from 1885.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Berlin, Brandenburg, the son of Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872) and his wife Princess Marianne (1810–1883), daughter of King William I of the Netherlands. His father was a brother of King Frederick William IV of Prussia and of William I, German Emperor.

Albrecht entered the Prussian army in 1847, serving in the First Schleswig War and participating in the battles of Skalitz, Schweinschädel and Königgrätz in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. In the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 he commanded a guard cavalry brigade at Gravelotte and Sedan. After the fall of the Second Empire, he was subordinated to Edwin von Manteuffel in the fighting around Bapaume and St. Quentin. In 1874 he became commander of the X Corps stationed in Hannover. In 1883 he succeeded his uncle Karl as Herrenmeister of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg).

In 1885, Albert was chosen as Regent for the Duchy of Brunswick, as German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck had removed Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, from office.[1] {In 1913 Ernst August's son Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick become Duke of Brunswick who only reigned for 5 years and 6 days}. After accepting the regency, Albert and Marie resided chiefly in Brunswick, Berlin, and Kamenz.[1]

Prince Albrecht died at Schloss Kamenz in 1904. He was buried in the Mausoleum auf dem Hutberge in the park of Schloss Kamenz. After World War II, the mausoleum was plundered and the bodies of Albert and his wife were reburied in the park.[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 9 April 1873 in Berlin he married Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1854–1898), daughter of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1826–1908) and his wife Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau (1824–1897). Albert's parents had been unhappily married to each other and were later divorced. His decision to wait until he was 36 before marrying is thought to have been a reflection of his parents' marital situation.[3]

Their children were:

Ancestors[edit]

Albrecht's ancestors in three generations
Prince Albrecht of Prussia Father:
Prince Albert of Prussia
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick William III of Prussia
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick William II of Prussia
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Paternal Grandmother:
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Friederike Caroline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother:
Princess Marianne of the Netherlands
Maternal Grandfather:
William I of the Netherlands
Maternal Great-grandfather:
William V, Prince of Orange
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange
Maternal Grandmother:
Wilhelmine of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick William II of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Memorial Notices", The Manchester Guardian, 11 October 1898 
  2. ^ "Saxe-Altenburg". Royaltyguide.nl. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "A Royal Marriage", The New York Times (Berlin), 7 May 1873 

External links[edit]

Media related to Prince Albert of Prussia (1837-1906) at Wikimedia Commons


Prince Albert of Prussia (1837–1906)
Born: 8 May 1837 Died: 13 September 1906
Preceded by
Friedrich Carl Alexander, Prinz von Preußen
Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John
1883-1906
Succeeded by
Eitel Friedrich, Prinz von Preußen