Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza

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Prince Antônio Gastão
Família Imperial por Otto Hees.jpg
Antônio (seated front on steps) with the Brazilian imperial family at the Palácio da Princesa, Petrópolis, late 1889. Left to right: his grandmother Empress Teresa Cristina, his mother Princess Imperial Isabel, his grandfather Emperor Pedro II, his cousin Prince Peter of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, his brother Prince Luiz, his father Gaston, comte d'Eu, and his brother Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará.
Full name
Antônio Gastão Filipe Francisco de Assis Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga
House House of Orléans-Braganza
House House of Orleans-Braganza
Father Prince Gaston, Count of Eu
Mother Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
Born (1881-08-09)August 9, 1881
Edmonton, London, United Kingdom
Died November 29, 1918(1918-11-29) (aged 37)
Cannes, France
Burial Chapelle royale de Dreux
Religion Roman Catholicism

Captain Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza MC; (Portuguese: Antônio Gastão de Orléans e Bragança; 9 August 1881 – 29 November 1918) was a Brazilian prince who served in the forces of the British Empire during World War I.

Life[edit]

Antônio was born in Paris, the third and last son of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and her husband Gaston of Orléans, count of Eu.[1] His father was a grandson of the last Bourbon king of France, Louis Philippe I, and his mother was the eldest daughter and heir of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. He was baptized on 27 August 1881.[2] His full name was Antônio Gastão Luiz Filipe Francisco de Assis Maria Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga;[1] his family affectionately called him "Totó".[3]

After his grandfather was deposed in a military coup in Brazil, he and his family were sent into exile in Europe. As a child he was chronically sick with bronchitis.[4] He was educated in Paris, and at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.[5] After graduation, he was a Hussar lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian Army between 1908 and 1914.

When World War I broke out, Antônio was prevented from joining the French armed forces by a law that forbade members of the deposed French royal family from serving in the military.[6] Instead, he was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Dragoons where he served attached to the Royal Flying Corps as a pilot and intelligence officer. He was awarded the Military Cross in 1915, and was promoted to Captain in 1918. He was aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Seely, commander of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade.[7]

Antônio died from injuries sustained in an air crash at Edmonton, London, shortly after the end of the war.[8] His remains were placed in the Royal Chapel of Dreux, in France.[1][7]

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 51. ISBN 0-85011-023-8. 
  2. ^ Barman, Roderick J. (2002). Princess Isabel of Brazil: gender and power in the nineteenth century. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources. p. 158. ISBN 0-8420-2846-3. 
  3. ^ Barman, p. 212
  4. ^ Barman, pp. 176, 212
  5. ^ Barman, p. 220
  6. ^ Barman, p. 229
  7. ^ a b "Orleans and Braganza Prince of, Antoine Gaston Philippe". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  8. ^ Barman, p. 230
  9. ^ a b Royal Ark