Prince August, Duke of Dalarna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prince August
Duke of Dalarna
Prince August of Sweden and Norway
Spouse Princess Therese of Saxe-Altenburg
Full name
Nikolaus August
House House of Bernadotte
Father Oscar I of Sweden
Mother Josephine of Leuchtenberg
Born (1831-08-24)24 August 1831
Drottningholm Palace, Ekerö, Sweden
Died 4 March 1873(1873-03-04) (aged 41)
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish Royalty
House of Bernadotte
Bernadotte coa.svg
Charles XIV John
   Oscar I
Oscar I
   Charles XV
   Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland
   Oscar II
   Princess Eugenie
   Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
   Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
   Prince Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
   Gustaf V
   Prince Oscar, Duke of Gotland
   Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
   Prince Eugen, Duke of Närke
   Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark
   Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
   Astrid, Queen of Belgium
   Prince Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
   Gustaf VI Adolf
   Prince Vilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
   Prince Erik, Duke of Västmanland
   Prince Lennart, Duke of Småland
Gustaf VI Adolf
   Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
   Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
   Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
   Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland
   Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna
   Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler
   Birgitta, Princess Johann Georg of Hohenzollern
   Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld
   Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson
   Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
   Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland
   Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
   Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
   Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland
   Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland

Prince Nikolaus August, Duke of Dalarna (24 August 1831 – 4 March 1873) was the youngest of the five children of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg.


Early life[edit]

Born in Drottningholm Palace in Ekerö, Stockholm County, his eldest sibling was King Carl XV of Sweden.[1]

During parts of 1849-1853, he was a student at Uppsala University. On 10 December 1851, he was made an honorary member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.


On 16 April 1864 in Altenburg, the Duke married Princess Therese Amalie of Saxe-Altenburg (Ansbach, 21 December 1836 - Haga Palace, Stockholm, 9 November 1914),[1][2] Duchess of Saxony,[2] eldest daughter of Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg. The marriage did not produce issue.[1] In Sweden, his wife was styled Princess Teresia.

The Prince was very interested in trains and locomotives, and a locomotive was named after him. Since it was commonly thought the Prince was not very bright, this led to the expression "dummare än tåget" (lit. "more stupid than the train"), an expression still in use in the Swedish language.[3]

Prince August died at the age of 41 of pneumonia at the Royal Palace of Stockholm, Stockholm.[1]


Auguste de Suede de 1831 a 1844.svg
Arms of Prince August from 1831 to 1844
Armoiries du Prince Auguste duc de Dalécarlie de 1844 à 1873.svg
Arms of Prince August after 1844


16. Jean Bernadotte
8. Jean Henri Bernadotte
17. Marie du Pucheu
4. Charles XIV John of Sweden
18. Jean de Saint Vincent
9. Jeanne de Saint Vincent
19. Marie d'Abbadie de Sireix
2. Oscar I of Sweden
20. Joseph Clary
10. François Clary
21. Françoise Agnes Ammoric
5. Désirée Clary
22. Joseph Ignace Somis
11. Françoise Rose Somis
23. Catherine Rose Soucheiron
1. Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
24. François de Beauharnais, Marquess of La Ferté-Beauharnais
12. Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais
25. Marie Anne Henriette Françoise Pyvart de Chastulle
6. Eugène de Beauharnais
26. Joseph-Gaspard de Tascher
13. Joséphine de Tascher de La Pagerie
27. Rose-Claire des Vergers de Sanois
3. Duchess Josephine of Leuchtenberg
28. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
14. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
29. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
7. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
30. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
15. Landgravine Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
31. Countess Marie Luise of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim


  1. ^ a b c d The Peerage # 105635
  2. ^ a b Henri van Oene's Royal Genealogies at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009)
  3. ^ Nu går språktåget, Dagens Nyheter, 2 March 2006, retrieved 22 October 2013
Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
Born: 24 August 1831 Died: 4 March 1873
Swedish royalty
Preceded by
Duke of Dalarna Succeeded by
Carl Johan Bernadotte