Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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Prince August
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Duke in Saxony
Augusto de Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha.jpg
Prince August
Spouse Princess Clémentine of Orléans
Issue Prince Philipp
Prince Ludwig August
Clotilde, Archduchess Joseph Karl of Austria
Amalie, Duchess in Bavaria
Ferdinand I of Bulgaria
Full name
August Ludwig Viktor
House House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág
Born (1818-06-13)13 June 1818
Vienna
Died 26 July 1881(1881-07-26) (aged 63)
Ebenthal Castle
Burial St. Augustin, Coburg
Religion Roman Catholicism

August Louis Victor of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: August Ludwig Viktor; 13 June 1818 – 26 July 1881), was a German prince in the Catholic Koháry branch of the house of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. He was a General Major in the army of Saxony and the owner of Čábráď and Štiavnica, both in modern day Slovakia.

Life[edit]

Prince August Ludwig Viktor of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was the second son of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld. Following the 1826 re-distribution in the House of Wettin of the Ernestine duchies, his dynastic suffix became "of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha". His mother was Princess Maria Antonia Koháry, the daughter and heiress of Ferenc József, Prince Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya. When Antonia's father died in 1826, she inherited his estates in Slovakia and Hungary. Prince August was a younger brother of King-Consort Ferdinand II of Portugal, a nephew of Leopold I of Belgium, and a first cousin of Britain's Queen Victoria.

In Saint-Cloud on 20 April 1843 August married Princess Clémentine of Orléans, daughter of Louis Philippe, King of the French, and of his wife, Princess Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies. The couple lived in Palais Coburg in Vienna.[1] He also owned Bürglaß Castle in Coburg. When his mother died in 1862, he inherited her extensive landholdings in Hungary and became one of the largest landowners in the country.[2]

He was an honorary member of the Hungarian Geological Society.[3] Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria gave him the style Highness, because he was the father-in-law of the sister of Princess Stéphanie, the wife of the Austrian Crown Prince Rudolf.

St. Augustin in Coburg

Prince August built a Catholic church in Coburg. It was consecrated in 1860 and was named St. Augustin. He was later buried in the crypt below this church, as were his wife, his three sons, his daughter-in-law Leopoldina and her four sons.

August was a recipient of the Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, the Portuguese royal Order of the Tower and Sword, the French Legion of Honour and the Belgian royal Order of Leopold. Furthermore, he was a knight of honour and devotion in the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.[4]

Memorial[edit]

In 1885, the Hungarian sculptor Viktor Tilgner was commissioned to create a memorial for the late Prince August. The sculpture still stands on private land in Ebenthal owned by the Saxe-Coburg ducal family. The base of the sculpture contains a Latin inscription and a text in French: Auguste Louis Victor Duc de Saxe Prince de Saxe Cobourg Gotha. A mon mari bien aimè. 1843 - 1881. Clémentine. ("August Louis Victor, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. To my beloved husband." — 1843 is not the year August was born (he was born in 1818), but rather the year he married Clémentine).

Marriage and issue[edit]

In Saint-Cloud on 20 April 1843 August married Princess Clémentine of Orléans, daughter of Louis Philippe, King of the French. They had five children:

  1. Ferdinand Philipp Maria August Raphael (b. Paris, 28 March 1844 - d. Coburg, 3 July 1921).
  2. Ludwig August Maria Eudes (b. Château d'Eu, 8 August 1845 - d. Karlsbad, 14 September 1907).
  3. Marie Adelaide Amalie Clotilde (b. Neuilly, 8 July 1846 - d. Alcsút, Hungary, 3 June 1927), married on 12 May 1864 to Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria.
  4. Marie Luise Franziska Amalie (b. Coburg, 23 October 1848 - d. Schloß Biederstein, 6 May 1894), married on 20 September 1875 to Maximilian Emanuel, Duke in Bavaria.
  5. Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria (b. Vienna, 26 February 1861 - d. Coburg, 10 September 1948), installed as Prince of Bulgaria on 7 July 1887; raised to Czar of Bulgaria on 22 September [O.S. 5 October] 1908.

On 2 May 1881 Franz Joseph I of Austria gave August the style Hoheit, a higher style in Germany than the Durchlaucht to which Ernestine princes were entitled. The reason for the grant was that eight days later Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (younger sister of August's daughter-in-law Louise) was to marry Franz Joseph's son Crown Prince Rudolf. Franz Joseph considered it appropriate that his sons-in-law have a higher rank at the Austrian court.[citation needed]

Prince August is buried in St. Augustin in Coburg.

External links[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palais Coburg
  2. ^ Friedrich Maximilian Oertel: Genealogische Tafeln zur Staatengeschichte des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts, F.A. Brockhaus, 1857, p. 96
  3. ^ Ferenc von Kubinyi and Imre Vahot: Ungarn und Siebenbürgen in Bildern, G. Emich, 1834, S. 31
  4. ^ Adreßhandbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Meusel, 1854, p. 18