Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland

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For other Swedish Princes with the name Carl, see Prince Carl of Sweden (disambiguation).
Prince Carl
Duke of Västergötland
CarlSweden1861.jpg
Spouse Princess Ingeborg of Denmark
Issue Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark
Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
Astrid, Queen of the Belgians
Prince Carl Bernadotte
Full name
Oscar Carl Wilhelm
House House of Bernadotte
Father Oscar II of Sweden
Mother Sophia of Nassau
Born (1861-02-27)27 February 1861
Palace of the Hereditary Prince, Stockholm, Sweden
Died 24 October 1951(1951-10-24) (aged 90)
Hovslagaregatan, Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish Royalty
House of Bernadotte
Bernadotte coa.svg
Charles XIV John
Children
   Oscar I
Oscar I
Children
   Charles XV
   Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland
   Oscar II
   Princess Eugenie
   Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
Children
   Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
   Prince Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
Children
   Gustaf V
   Prince Oscar, Duke of Gotland
   Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
   Prince Eugen, Duke of Närke
Grandchildren
   Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark
   Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
   Astrid, Queen of Belgium
   Prince Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
Children
   Gustaf VI Adolf
   Prince Vilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
   Prince Erik, Duke of Västmanland
Grandchildren
   Prince Lennart, Duke of Småland
Gustaf VI Adolf
Children
   Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
   Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
   Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
   Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland
   Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna
Grandchildren
   Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler
   Birgitta, Princess Johann Georg of Hohenzollern
   Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld
   Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson
   Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
Children
   Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland
   Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
   Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
Grandchildren
   Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland
   Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland

Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Västergötland (Stockholm, 27 February 1861 – Stockholm, 24 October 1951), was the third son of King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway and Sophia of Nassau.

Life[edit]

Marriage[edit]

In May 1897, Prince Carl was engaged to Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. They married on 27 August 1897 at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen and spent their wedding trip in Germany. Princess Ingeborg was the second daughter of King Frederick VIII of Denmark and Louise of Sweden.

They had four children:

  1. Princess Margaretha of Sweden (1899–1977).
  2. Princess Märtha of Sweden, later Crown Princess of Norway (1901–1954).
  3. Princess Astrid of Sweden, later Queen of the Belgians (1905–1935).
  4. Prince Carl Bernadotte, known as Carl Jr., later Prince Bernadotte, a Belgian title (1911–2003).

In 1947, on the occasion of their wedding anniversary, Carl admitted that their marriage had been completely arranged by their respective fathers, and Ingeborg herself added : "I married a complete stranger!".

Candidate to the Norwegian throne[edit]

Prince Carl was once considered a candidate to the Norwegian crown during Norway's fight for independence from Sweden in 1905. To elect a prince from Sweden was considered to be a less radical way out of the union, and hence a more peaceful approach. However, King Oscar II of Sweden never approved on this, as he saw the whole "riot" as a betrayal against his rights as King of Norway. Hence, Prince Carl never became King of Norway in 1905. Instead, a Danish prince, Haakon VII, was elected after some diplomatic turbulence. As history turned out however, Prince Carl's daughter, Princess Märtha, married Haakon VII's son, the later King Olav V. The present King Harald V of Norway is hence a grandchild of Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland.

In 1904 Prince Carl was appointed a Knight of the Norwegian Lion by Oscar II.

Legacy[edit]

Prince Carl has the distinction of being the grandfather of three reigning European monarchs: King Harald V of Norway (son of his daughter, Princess Märtha), the late King Baudouin of the Belgians and his brother, King Albert II of the Belgians (sons of his daughter, Princess Astrid of Sweden). He is also the great-grandfather of King Philippe of the Belgia's and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg.

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Prince of Sweden duke of Vastergotland.svg
Arms as Prince of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Västergötland 1861 to 1905
Coat of arms of Prince Carl of Sweden (1907).svg
Arms as Prince of Sweden and Duke of Västergötland after 1907

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Jean Henri Bernadotte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Charles XIV John of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Jeanne de Saint Vincent
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Oscar I of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. François Clary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Désirée Clary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Françoise Rose Somis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Oscar II of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Eugène de Beauharnais
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Josephine of Leuchtenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. William, Duke of Nassau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Wilhelm Georg, Burgrave of Kirchberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Princess Isabella Auguste of Reuss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Sofia of Nassau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Frederick I of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Prince Paul of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Princess Pauline of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Princess Katharina Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  • Bomann-Larsen, Tor: Folket - Haakon & Maud II (2004; in Norwegian)
Styles of
Prince Carl of Sweden
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Born: 27 February 1861 Died: 24 October 1951
Swedish royalty
New title Duke of Västergötland
1861 - 1951
Vacant
Title next held by
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden
(as Duchess)
Prince Daniel of Sweden
(as Consort)