When on 6 July 1937 at Kvillinge, Sweden, Prince Carl married Countess Elsa von Rosen (Stockholm, 7 February 1904 – Stockholm, 15 April 1991), he had to relinquish his succession rights and his royal titles. She was the daughter of Count Eugén von Rosen and Eleonore Wijk, and ex-wife of Count Adolf von Rosen. Bernadotte's brother-in-law, King Leopold III of Belgium, conferred upon him the title Prince Bernadotte in the Belgian nobility on the same date, with the right to the comital title for his male-line descendants. He had one daughter, Countess Madeleine (b. Stockholm, 8 October 1938), and divorced Elsa in 1951. He married Ann Margareta Larsson (Danderyd, 22 March 1921–3 September 1975) at Danderyd, Sweden, on 1 November 1954. They divorced in 1961, without issue. His third and final marriage was held at the Embassy of Sweden in Rabat, Morocco, on 8 June 1978 to Kristine Rivelsrud (b. Eidsfoss, Norway, 22 April 1932-4 November 2014), without issue.
Carl Bernadotte was at the center of the Huseby scandal that occurred in the late 1950s in Sweden amidst a great deal of publicity. Bernadotte had gained the trust of Florence Stephens, a wealthy elderly heiress of a large estate near Växjö in southern Sweden. A complex set of criminal transactions led to the ruin of Stephens and to bring Bernadotte to court. Bernadotte was acquitted in spite of his full confession – he was not considered sane with regards to his actions and therefore not criminally culpable. Bernadotte left Sweden shortly after the trial and spent the rest of his life in Spain.
* prince through adoption or election
** also prince of Norway
^lost his title due to an unequal marriage
#also prince of Poland and Lithuania
~Prince of Sweden by birth and marriage
*** Prince of Sweden by marriage only
Families that have been included in Kalender öfver i Sverige lefvande ointroducerad adel (1886–1899), Sveriges ointroducerade adels kalender (1912–1944) and/or Kalender över Ointroducerad adels förening (1935–)