Prince Claus of the Netherlands

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Claus von Amsberg
Prince Claus of the Netherlands 1986.jpg
Prince Claus in 1986
Prince consort of the Netherlands
Tenure 30 April 1980 – 6 October 2002
Spouse Beatrix of the Netherlands
(m. 1966–2002; his death)
Issue Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
Full name
Claus George Willem Otto Frederik Geert van Amsberg
House House of Amsberg
Father Claus Felix von Amsberg
Mother Gösta von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen
Born (1926-09-06)6 September 1926
Hitzacker, Germany
Died 6 October 2002(2002-10-06) (aged 76)
Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Burial 15 October 2002
Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, Netherlands
Religion Dutch Reformed Church
Occupation Diplomat
Signature

Claus George Willem Otto Frederik Geert van Amsberg (né Klaus-Georg Wilhelm Otto Friedrich Gerd von Amsberg; 6 September 1926 – 6 October 2002), later Prince Claus of the Netherlands, was the husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, and as such was Prince consort of the Netherlands from Beatrix's ascension in 1980 until his death in 2002.

Biography[edit]

Prince Claus was born Klaus-Georg Wilhelm Otto Friedrich Gerd von Amsberg, on his family's estate, Haus Dötzingen, near Hitzacker, Germany on 6 September 1926.[1] His parents were Claus Felix von Amsberg and Baroness Gösta von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen. His father, a member of the untitled German nobility, operated a large farm in Tanganyika (formerly German East Africa) from 1928 until World War II. From 1938 Claus and his six sisters grew up on their maternal grandparents' manor in Lower Saxony; he attended the Friderico-Francisceum-Gymnasium in Bad Doberan from 1933 to 1936 and a boarding school in Tanganyika from 1936 to 1938.

The future prince was a member of such Nazi youth organisations as Deutsches Jungvolk and the Hitler Youth (membership in the latter was mandatory for all fit members of his generation).[2] From 1938 until 1942, he attended the Baltenschule Misdroy.

In 1944, he was conscripted into the German Wehrmacht, becoming a soldier in the German 90th Panzergrenadier Division in Italy in March 1945, but taken as a prisoner of war by the American forces at Meran before taking part in any fighting. After his repatriation, he finished school in Lüneburg and studied law in Hamburg. He then joined the German diplomatic corps and worked in Santo Domingo and Côte d'Ivoire. In the 1960s, he was transferred to Bonn.

Claus met Crown Princess Beatrix for the first time on New Year's Eve 1962 in Bad Driburg at a dinner hosted by the count von Oeynhausen-Sierstorpff who was a distant relative of both of them. They met again at the wedding-eve party of Princess Tatjana of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse, in the summer of 1964. With memories of German oppression still very strong 20 years after the war, sections of the Dutch population were unhappy that Beatrix's fiancé was a German and former member of the Hitler Youth. Nonetheless, Juliana gave the engagement her blessing after giving serious thought to canceling it. The enagagement was approved by the States-General—a necessary step for Beatrix to remain heiress to the throne—in 1965. He was granted Dutch citizenship later that year and changed the spellings of his names to Dutch.

The pair were married on 10 March 1966. Their wedding day saw violent protests, most notably by the anarchist-artist group Provo. They included such memorable slogans as "Claus, 'raus!" (Claus, get out!) and "Mijn fiets terug" (Give me back my bike), a reference to the memory of occupying German soldiers confiscating Dutch bicycles. A smoke bomb was thrown at the wedding carriage by a group of Provos. For a time, it was thought that Beatrix would be the last monarch of the Netherlands.

However, over time, Claus became accepted by the public, so much so that during the last part of his life he was generally considered the most popular member of the Royal Family.[3] This change in Dutch opinion was brought about by Claus's strong motivation to contribute to public causes (especially third-world development, on which he was considered an expert), his sincere modesty and his candor (within but sometimes on the edge of royal protocol).

The public also sympathised with Claus for his efforts to give meaning to his life beyond the restrictions that Dutch law imposed on the Royal Family's freedom of speech and action. However, these restrictions were gradually loosened; Claus was even appointed as senior staff member at the Department of Developing Aid, albeit in an advisory role.

One example of his attitude toward protocol was the "Declaration of the Tie". In 1998, after presenting the annual Prince Claus Awards to three African fashion designers, Claus told "workers of all nations to unite and cast away the new shackles they have voluntarily cast upon themselves", meaning the necktie, that "snake around my neck," and encouraged the audience to "venture into open-collar paradise". He then removed his tie and threw it on the floor.[4]

In 2001, when on Dutch television he announced the marriage of his son Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, and Máxima Zorreguieta, an Argentine woman of Spanish and Italian descent, Prince Claus referred to himself as more a citizen of the world than anything else.

Titles, styles, honours, and arms[edit]

Standard of Claus as Prince-consort of the Netherlands.
Royal Monogram
Coat of Arms of Prince Claus of the Netherlands

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 6 September 1926 – 1965: Klaus von Amsberg
  • 1965 – 10 March 1966: Jhr. Claus van Amsberg (His name was changed officially after obtaining Dutch citizenship)
  • 10 March 1966 – 6 October 2002: His Royal Highness Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer van Amsberg[5]

Honours and awards[edit]

See also List of honours of the Dutch Royal Family by country

Dutch orders and decorations[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

Academic awards[edit]

Prince Claus was also appointed Honorary Fellow of the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in 1988. Prince Claus was held in very high esteem in the international development cooperation community, partly because of his considerable insight and understanding of the problems involved, and partly because of his exceptional gift for expressing the hopes and anxieties felt by all.

Ancestry[edit]

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
King Willem-Alexander 27 April 1967 He married Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti in 2002, and has three daughters.
Prince Friso 25 September 1968 12 August 2013[15] He married Mabel Wisse Smit in 2004, and had two daughters.
Prince Constantijn 11 October 1969 He married Laurentien Brinkhorst in 2001, and has two daughters and a son.

Health and death[edit]

Funeral of Prince Claus

Claus suffered various health problems, such as depression, cancer and Parkinson's disease. He died in Amsterdam on 6 October 2002 after a long illness, aged 76. He died less than 4 months after the birth of his first grandchild.

He was interred in the Royal Family's tomb in Delft on 15 October. It was the first full state funeral since Queen Wilhelmina's in 1962.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Simons, Marlise (7 October 2002). "Claus von Amsberg, 76, Popular Dutch Prince". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Hitler Youth: Prelude to War 1933–1939. The History Place. Retrieved on 23 April 2014.
  3. ^ (Dutch) Máxima en Claus populairste Oranje-leden
  4. ^ (Dutch) Claus' speech in which he removes his tie, among other video fragments
  5. ^ Decree concerning the titles and names of Prince Claus after his marriage with Princess Beatrix – Website with Legislation concerning the Royal House of the Netherlands (Dutch)
  6. ^ "Titels: Koningin Wilhelmina en Koningin Juliana". koninklijkhuis.nl. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 111. Retrieved November 2012. 
  8. ^ State visit, Photo of Beatrix, Claus and Icelandese President
  9. ^ Volks krant, State visit of Netherlands in Norway, 1986, Group Photo
  10. ^ 1999 National Orders awards. Info.gov.za (18 September 2012). Retrieved on 23 April 2014.
  11. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado. 8 October 1985.
  12. ^ Viva Máxima Blog, State visit of Beatrix in Spain in 1985, Group Photo
  13. ^ Volks krant, State visit of Netherlands in United Kingdom, 11/1982, Group Photo
  14. ^ Italian Presidency, S.A.R. Claus Principe dei Paesi Bassi – Decorato di Gran Cordone
  15. ^ Prins Friso overleden (nl) Telegraaf.nl

External links[edit]

Prince Claus of the Netherlands
Born: 6 September 1926 Died: 6 October 2002
Dutch royalty
Preceded by
Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Prince consort of the Netherlands
1980–2002
Vacant
until 2013
Title next held by
Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti
as queen consort