Daniyal (Mughal prince)
|Prince of Mughal Empire|
|Full name||Shahzada Sultan Daniyal Mirza|
|Born||September 11, 1572|
|Died||8 April 1604|
|Place of death||Burhanpur|
Shahzada Sultan Daniyal Mirza (11 September 1572 – 8 April 1604) was an Imperial Prince of the Timurid Dynasty (Royal House of Timur) who served as the Viceroy of Deccan. He was the third son of Emperor Akbar the Great and the brother of the Emperor Jahangir. His two sons were executed by Shah Jahan in 23 Jan 1658.
Daniyal was born on 11 September 1572. Akbar allowed him to be brought up by Raja Bharmal's wife in Amer, as a gesture of honour to the raja's family. He was made the Subahdar (Governor) of the Deccan from 21 April 1601 to April 1604. He was appointed to an Imperial mansab of 7,000 soldiers. He had nine wives:
- a daughter of Sultan Khwaja 'Abdu'l-Azim Naqshabandi
- a daughter of Qulij Khan Andajani, Subahdar of Kabul, Punjab, Gujarat and Afghanistan
- a granddaughter of Rao Maldeo Rathore, Ruler of Marwar
- a daughter of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, the Subahdar of Gujarat
- a daughter of Raja (King) Dalpat of Ujjain
- a daughter of Ibrahim Adil Shah II, the Sultan of Bijapur
He had three more Rajput princesses as spouses.
After the Jahangir's death on October 28, 1627, Daniyal's nephew, Prince Shahryar ascended to the Mughal throne, as Empress Nur Jahan desired. Since he was in Lahore at the time, he immediately took over the royal treasury and distributed over 70 lac rupees amongst old and new noble men to secure his throne. Meanwhile, Mirza Baisinghar, Daniyal's son, on the death of the Emperor, fled to Lahore, and joined Prince Shahryar.
On Jumada-l awwal 2, 1037 AH (December 30, 1627), Prince Khurram was proclaimed as the Emperor Shah Jahan I at Lahore, and on Jumada-l awwal 26, 1037 AH (January 23, 1628) upon his orders, Dawar Bakhsh, his brother Garshasp, Shahryar, and Tahmuras and Hoshang, sons of the deceased Prince Daniyal, were all put to death by Asaf Khan, who was ordered by Shah Jahan to send them "out of the world", which he faithfully carried out. His son, Prince Hoshang, was married to Hoshmand Banu Begum, the daughter of Prince Dawar.
Abraham Eraly speculates in his book, The Last Spring: The Lives and Times of the Great Mughals, that the legendary Anarkali, the historic lover of Emperor Jahangir was the mother of Prince Daniyal.
- http://www.royalark.net/India4/delhi4.htm INDIA The Timurid Dynasty GENEALOGY
- Eraly, Abraham (2000). Emperors of the Peacock Throne, The Saga of the Great Mughals. Penguin Books India. p. 193. ISBN 0141001437.
- Short Biography of Prince Daniyal: The Imperial Family of India
- Taylor, G.P. (1907). Some Dates Relating to the Mughal Emperors of India in Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, New Series, Vol.3, Calcutta: The Asiatic Society of Bengal, p.59
- Death of the Emperor (Jahangir) The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period, Sir H. M. Elliot, London, 1867–1877, vol 6.
- Majumdar, R.C. (ed.)(2007). The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.197-8
- The Grandees of the Empire Ain-i-Akbari, by Abul Fazl. Volume I, Chpt. 30.
- Subhash Parihar (April 8, 2000). "Riddle of Anarkali & her tomb". The Tribune. Retrieved 2012-06-06.