Prince Edward Island dollar
The dollar was the currency of Prince Edward Island between 1871 and 1873. It replaced the pound at a rate of 1 pound = 4.866 dollars and was equivalent to the Canadian dollar, which replaced it in 1873. The dollar was subdivided into 100 cents.
Only one type of coin, the one-cent piece, was struck for the Prince Edward Island dollar, in 1871. PEI entered Confederation two years later.
Both sides of the coin were designed by Leonard Charles Wyon. The obverse had Queen Victoria, with inscription "VICTORIA QUEEN" and the date. The reverse was specially made for the PEI government. It had the seal of the colony—a large oak tree, sympolising England, sheltering three younger ones, which symbolised Prince Edward Island's three counties. Below the seal was located the Latin phrase "PARVA SUB INGENTI", translated as "The small beneath the great". Around the seal and phrase was written "PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND", and the denomination, "ONE CENT".
The coin was the produced at the Heaton Mint, due to the London Mint having to strike domestic coins. However, the "H" mint mark is missing. The coin is composed of 95% Cu. 4% Sn, and 1% Zn. It has a weight of 5.67 grams and a diameter of 25.40 mm. It has a plain edge.
Two million one-cent pieces were minted. PEI's government would experience difficulties in placing the coins in circulation—10 years were needed for the government to get rid of them. The last of the coins were sold at a 10 percent discount.
In 1872, Treasury notes were issued in denominations of 10 and 20 dollars. The same year, two chartered banks, the Bank of Prince Edward Island and the Union Bank of Prince Edward Island began issuing dollar notes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 dollars. The private banks went on to issue notes in Canadian dollars, the first of which were earlier notes with "Canadian Currency" overstamped on them.
- Krause, Chester L., and Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
- Pick, Albert (1990). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: Specialized Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (6th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-149-8.
- W.K. Cross (2005). Canadian Coins (59 ed.). Toronto: Charlton Press. p. 33. ISBN 0-88968-288-7.