Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar

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Prince Edward
Prince of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar 1855.jpg
Prince Edward in 1855
Spouse Augusta Katherine Gordon-Lennox
Issue
None
Full name
William Augustus Edward
House House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Father Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Mother Princess Ida of Saxe-Meiningen
Born (1823-10-11)11 October 1823
Bushy House, London
Died 16 November 1902(1902-11-16) (aged 79)
Portland Place, London
Burial Chichester Cathedral
Occupation Military
Religion Lutheranism

Prince William Augustus Edward of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, KP, GCB, GCH, GCVO, PC (11 October 1823 – 16 November 1902) was a British military officer of German parents. After a career in the Grenadier Guards, he became Major General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding the Home District in 1870, General Officer Commanding Southern District in October 1878 and Commander-in-Chief, Ireland in October 1885. He was promoted to field marshal in 1897 despite his career including no great military achievements.

Career[edit]

Edward was born to Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Princess Ida of Saxe-Meiningen at Bushy House, the home of his mother's sister Adelaide and her husband the future King William IV of the United Kingdom.[1]

After being naturalised as a British subject, Edward's military career began on 1 June 1841, when, having trained at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, he joined the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot as an ensign.[2] He was promoted to ensign in the Grenadier Guards and lieutenant in the Army on 8 June 1841 and lieutenant in his regiment and captain in the Army on 19 May 1846[3] before becoming adjutant of his battalion in November 1850.[4]

Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar as depicted in Vanity Fair

Edward was promoted to brevet major in the Grenadier Guards on 20 June 1854.[5] He served in the Crimean War and fought at the Battle of Alma in September 1854 and the Siege of Sevastopol in October 1854, where he was slightly injured.[6] He fought on at the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854 and the Battle of Inkerman in November 1854.[7] He was promoted to the brevet lieutenant-colonel "for distinguished Service in the Field" during the war on 12 December 1854.[8]

Edward was appointed an aide-de-camp to the Queen and received his colonelcy in the Grenadier Guards on 5 October 1855.[9] Granted the style of Royal Highness (to both Edward and his wife) in 1866, he was promoted to major-general on 6 March 1868.[10][11] He was appointed Major General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding the Home District in 1870 and, having been promoted to lieutenant general on 6 July 1877,[12] he became General Officer Commanding Southern District in October 1878.[7] Promoted to full general on 4 November 1879,[13] he went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Ireland and a member of the Irish Privy Council in October 1885[14] before retiring in October 1890.[15]

In retirement Edward was a commissioner of the Patriotic Fund.[16] He also became colonel of the 10th Regiment of Foot[17] and then colonel of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards.[18] He was promoted to field marshal on 22 June 1897[19] following which there was adverse comment in The Times that his career had included no great military achievements.[7]

Edward died on 16 November 1902 at Portland Place in London and was buried in Chichester Cathedral,[20] in the crypt of his wife's family, the dukes of Richmond and Lennox.[7]

Family[edit]

On 27 November 1851 Edward married, morganatically, Lady Augusta Katherine Gordon-Lennox,[2] (a daughter of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond), who was created Countess of Dornburg by the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar the day before the wedding. The Court Circular shows that she was usually known by that title until early 1886, when the Circular began to consistently refer to her by her husband's title, i.e. "HSH Princess Edward of Saxe-Weimar".[21] They had no children.[7]

Honours[edit]

Edward's honours included:

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Times (14 October 1823): 3.
  2. ^ a b Heathcote, p. 114
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20605. p. 1835. 19 May 1846. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21156. p. 3096. 22 November 1850. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21564. p. 1937. 22 June 1854. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21619. p. 3353. 7 November 1854. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e Heathcote, p. 115
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21640. p. 4052. 12 December 1854. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21793. p. 3683. 5 October 1855. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23484. p. 2053. 2 April 1869. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23627. p. 3109. 24 June 1870. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24503. p. 5235. 14 September 1877. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24789. p. 7216. 5 December 1879. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25512. p. 4388. 18 September 1885. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26097. p. 5454. 14 October 1890. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26078. p. 4377. 12 August 1890. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24648. p. 6495. 26 November 1878. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25880. p. 6940. 4 December 1888. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26867. p. 3570. 25 June 1897. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Funeral of Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar", The Times (20 November 1902): 12.
  21. ^ "Saxe-Weimar‚ H.S.H. Princess Edward". Historic Autographs. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  22. ^ Shaw, p. 105
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25716. p. 3497. 28 June 1887. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24976. p. 2673. 24 May 1881. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21962. p. 277. 27 January 1857. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27292. p. 1647. 8 March 1901. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21909. p. 2701. 4 August 1856. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22107. p. 1252. 2 March 1858. Retrieved 26 October 2013.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Military offices
New title GOC Home District
1870–1876
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Stephenson
Preceded by
Sir John Garvock
Colonel of the 10th (North Lincoln) Regiment of Foot
1878–1888
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Longden
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Montagu Steele
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1885–1890
Succeeded by
The Viscount Wolseley
Preceded by
The Earl of Lucan
Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards
1888–1902
Succeeded by
The Lord de Ros
New title Colonel-in-Chief of the Lincolnshire Regiment
1888–1902
None appointed