Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia

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Eitel Friedrich
Prince of Prussia
Eitelprussia1883-3.jpg
Prince Eitel Friedrich as captain of the First Regiment of Foot Guards, Potsdam
Spouse Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg
House House of Hohenzollern
Father Wilhelm II, German Emperor
Mother Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein
Born (1883-07-07)7 July 1883
Potsdam, Prussia
Died 8 December 1942(1942-12-08) (aged 59)
Potsdam, Brandenburg
Burial Antique Temple
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Reichsadler 1889.svg
Wilhelm II
Children
   Crown Prince Wilhelm
   Prince Eitel Friedrich
   Prince Adalbert
   Prince August Wilhelm
   Prince Oskar
   Prince Joachim
   Victoria Louise, Duchess of Brunswick

Prince Eitel Friedrich (Wilhelm Eitel Friedrich Christian Karl) (7 July 1883 – 8 December 1942) was the second son of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein. He was born and died in Potsdam, Germany.

On 27 February 1906 Prince Eitel married Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg (2 February 1879 Oldenburg – 29 March 1964 Westerstede) in Berlin. They were divorced 20 October 1926 and had no children.

Raised at the cadet corps of Plön Castle, Prince Eitel was in the front line from the beginning of World War I and was wounded at Bapaume, where he commanded the Prussian First Foot Guards. He temporarily relinquished command to Count Hans von Blumenthal, but returned to duty before the end of the year. The following year he was transferred to the Eastern Front and during the Summer of 1915 was out in a field in Russia when he had a chance encounter with Manfred von Richthofen who had just crashed with his superior officer, Count Holck. The two men were hiding in a nearby tree line from what they thought was the advancing Russian army and who turned out to be the grenadiers, guardsmen, and officers of Prince Eitel.

After the war he was engaged in monarchistic circles and the Stahlhelm paramilitary organization. In 1921 the Berlin criminal court found him guilty of fraudulent transfer of 300,000 Mark and sentenced him to a fine of 5000 Mark.[1]

From 1907 to 1926 he was Master of the Knights (Herrenmeister) of the Order of St. John (Johanniterorden). He received the Pour le Mérite in 1915. His body is buried at the Antique Temple in Sanssouci Park.

Regimental Commissions[2][edit]

  • Hauptman (captain) and commander of the Leibkompagnie (Life-company), 1. Garderegiment zu Fuß (1st Regiment of Foot Guards)
  • à la suite, Grenadierregiment Konig Friedrich Wilhelm IV.(1. Pommersches) Nr. 2
  • à la suite, 1. Gardelandwehrregiment (Guard Reserve Regiment)
  • Hauptmann (captain), Austria-Hungary K.u.K. Infantry Regiment "Wilhelm I., Deutscher Kaiser und Konig von Preussen" Nr. 34
  • Hauptmann (captain), Saxon Army
  • à la suite, 7. Konigsinfanterieregiment (King's Infantry Regiment) Nr. 106
  • First Brigade of Imperial Guards, commander, 1914-15[3]

Chivalric Orders[2][edit]

Master of Knights, Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg) (appointed as 34th Master of Knights in 1907 and resigned in 1926 in favor of his brother, Prinz Oskar)
Knight, Order of the Black Eagle
Knight Grand Cross with Crown, Order of the Red Eagle
Knight, First Class, Order of the Prussian Crown
Knight Grand Commander, Royal House Order of Hohenzollern
Honor Cross, First Class, Princely House Order of Hohenzollern
Knight, Second Class, Imperial Order of the Double Dragon, China
Knight, First Class with Crown, Mecklenburg Order of the Wendish Crown
Knight, First Class, Order of the Netherlands Lion, Netherlands
Knight Grand Cross (with Chain), Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav, Norway
Knight Grand Cross, Royal Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen, Empire of Austria-Hungary
Knight, First Class, Order of the Lion and the Sun, Kingdom of Persia (Iran)
Knight Grand Cross, Order of Tower & Sword, Portugal
Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Romanian Crown, Kingdom of Romania
Knight, Order of the Rue Crown, Kingdom of Saxony
Knights of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri, Kingdom of Siam (Thailand)
Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Crown of Siam, Kingdom of Siam (Thailand)
Knight, Order of Glory, Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
Knight, First Class (with diamonds), Osminieh Order, Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Württemberg Crown (1899)
Cross of the Mount of Olives (1909)
Knight of the Military Order of St. Henry (20 March 1915)

Two ships were named after Prince Eitel, the passenger ship Prince Eitel Friedrich (1901) and the Reich postal steamer Prince Eitel Friedrich (1904).

Military Decorations (1914-1918)[edit]

Iron Cross, Second Class, ca. 1914
Iron Cross, First Class, ca. 1914
Pour le Mérite (22 March 1915); with Oak Leaves (14 May 1915)

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tucholsky: Awrumele Schabbesdeckel und Prinz Eitel-Friedrich von Hohenzollern at www.textlog.de
  2. ^ a b Schench, G. Handbuch über den Königlich Preuβischen Hof und Staat fur das Jahr 1908. Berlin, Prussia, 1907.
  3. ^ The American Library Annual. R.R. Bowker Co. 1915. p. 25. 

Sources[edit]

Schench, G. Handbuch über den Königlich Preuβischen Hof und Staat fur das Jahr 1908. Berlin, Prussia, 1907.


Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia
Born: 7 July 1883 Died: 8 December 1942
Preceded by
Albrecht, Prinz von Preußen
Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John
1907-1926
Succeeded by
Oskar, Prinz von Preußen