Prince Frederick William of Hesse-Kassel

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Prince Frederick William
Langrave of Hesse-Kassel
Spouse Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia
Princess Anna of Prussia
Issue Prince William
Prince Frederick William
Elisabeth, Hereditary Princess of Anhalt
Prince Alexander
Prince Frederick Charles
Princess Marie-Polyxene
Princess Sybille
House House of Hesse-Kassel
Father William, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Mother Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
Born (1820-11-26)26 November 1820
Died 14 October 1884(1884-10-14) (aged 63)

Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf von Hessen-Kassel; 26 November 1820 – 14 October 1884) was the only son of Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark.

He is important dynastically as a candidate for both the headship of the Hesse-Kassel dynasty (through his father) and for the Danish throne (through his mother).
When Frederick William, deposed Elector of Hesse died in 1875, his sons were excluded from succession, because of his morganatic marriage. It was Frederick William who succeeded him as titular Elector of Hesse.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Copenhagen, moved to Denmark at the age of three, and grew up there. He attended the university in Bonn, and then began a military career.

Family life[edit]

His first wife was Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (1825–1844), the daughter of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia. They had one son, born three months prematurely, who died the day of his birth:

  • Prince Wilhelm (1844–1844)

His second wife was Princess Anna of Prussia (1836–1918), the youngest daughter of Prince Charles of Prussia and Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. They had six children:


Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Frederick William I
Elector of Hesse
Succeeded by
Frederick William III