Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prince Friedrich
Frederico de hesse.JPG
Prince Friedrich, ca. 1872.
Full name
Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Ludwig
House House of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse
Mother Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
Born (1870-10-07)7 October 1870
Darmstadt, Hesse, North German Confederation (present-day Germany)
Died 29 May 1873(1873-05-29) (aged 2)
Darmstadt, Hesse, German Empire (present-day Germany)
Religion Lutheranism
Grand Ducal Family of
Hesse and by Rhine
Wappen-HD.png
Louis IV
Children
   Victoria, Marchioness of Milford Haven
   Grand Duchess Elizaveta Feodorovna of Russia
   Irene, Princess Heinrich of Prussia
   Ernest Louis
   Prince Friedrich
   Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress of Russia
   Princess Marie

Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine (Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Ludwig; 7 October 1870 – 29 May 1873) was the haemophiliac second son of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, one of the daughters of Queen Victoria.

Life[edit]

Friedrich, called "Frittie" in the family, was a cheerful and lively child despite his illness. "Leopold" was added as one of his names in honor of his mother's haemophiliac brother, Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, who was Friedrich's godfather.

Death[edit]

His haemophilia was first diagnosed in February 1873, a few months before his death, when he cut his ear and bled for three days. Bandages could not stanch the flow of blood.[1] In late May 1873, Friedrich and his brother Ernst were playing together in their mother's bedroom. Ernst ran to another room, which was set at right angles to Alice's bedroom and peered through the window at his younger brother. Alice ran to get Ernst away from the window. When she was out of the room, Friedrich climbed onto a chair next to an open window in his mother's bedroom to get a closer look at his brother. The chair tipped over and Friedrich tumbled through the window, falling twenty feet to the balustrade below. Friedrich survived the fall and might have lived had he not been a haemophiliac. He died hours later of a brain hemorrhage.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

Following Friedrich's death, his distraught mother often prayed at his grave and marked anniversaries of small events in his life. His brother Ernst told his mother he wanted all of the family to die together, not alone "like Frittie." Two of Friedrich's sisters, Irene and Alix, also had haemophiliac sons.[2]

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Landgravine Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Frederick William II of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Prince Wilhelm of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Princess Elisabeth of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Landgravine Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. George III of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Victoria of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (= 24)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf (= 25)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mager (1998), p. 45
  2. ^ Mager (1998), p. 46

References[edit]

  • Mager, Hugo (1998). Elizabeth: Grand Duchess of Russia. Carroll and Graf Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-7867-0678-3