This is a good article. Click here for more information.

Prince George's County Sheriff's Office

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Maryland sheriff's office. For the Virginian sheriff's office, see Prince George County Sheriff's Office.
Office of the Sheriff, Prince George's County
Common name Prince George's County Sheriff's Office
Abbreviation PGSO
Prince George County, MD Sheriff.jpg
Patch of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office
Seal of Prince George's County, Maryland.svg
Seal of Prince George's County
Badge of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office.png
Badge of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office
Flag of Prince George's County, Maryland.svg
Flag of Prince George's County
Motto "Trust, Respect, Integrity, Professionalism, Public Service!"
Agency overview
Formed 1696
Annual budget $19,429,000[1]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* County of Prince George's in the state of Maryland, U.S.
Map of Maryland highlighting Prince George's County.svg
The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office's jurisdiction
Size 498 square miles (1,290 km2)
Population 801,515
Legal jurisdiction State of Maryland (common law)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters 5303 Chrysler Way, Upper Marlboro, Maryland, U.S., 20772
38°48′53″N 76°44′26″W / 38.814797°N 76.740523°W / 38.814797; -76.740523Coordinates: 38°48′53″N 76°44′26″W / 38.814797°N 76.740523°W / 38.814797; -76.740523
Sworn members 270
Agency executives
  • Melvin C. High, Sheriff
  • Darrin C. Palmer, Chief Assistant Sheriff
Facilities
Patrol cars Chevrolet Impala,[2][3] Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor[4][5]
Website
www.PrinceGeorgesCountyMD.gov
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office (PGSO), officially the Office of the Sheriff, Prince George's County (PGOS),[6] provides law enforcement services in Prince George's County, Maryland in the United States. Its headquarters is located in Upper Marlboro, near the Depot Pond. The sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer of Prince George's County and is elected every four years. There are no term limits for the sheriff.[7]

Created in 1696, the traditional duties of the sheriff are keeper of the public peace and the enforcement arm of the county court, analogous to the U.S. Marshals Service. The PGSO has a relatively long history compared to other police departments and sheriff's offices in Maryland. The PGSO was involved with events that occurred during the burning of Washington and affected the writing of the "The Star-Spangled Banner". Prior to 1931, the PGSO was the sole law enforcement organization within the county.[citation needed]

Today, the duties of the sheriff include service of court-ordered warrants, writs, protective orders, and other injunctions. The Domestic Violence Unit has expanded its role in the county to include responding to calls for service that are domestic-related. The creation of the School Resource Deputy division has placed a deputy sheriff at all of the local high schools, replacing the County Police. All other law enforcement services of the county are provided by multiple agencies but mostly left to the separate Prince George's County Police Department (PGPD), though some responsibilities are shared by both agencies. The PGSO, like most other county-level law enforcement agencies in the United States, is a progressive agency with an array of services in tom a Specialized Services Team dealing with high-risk arrest warrants and barricaded situations to community services aiding the county's citizens in safety education. Although the agency is not nationally accredited, it has working for over fifteen years towards achieving accreditation, as of January 2015.[8][9]

Authority[edit]

The sheriff is the chief law enforcement official of Prince George's County per Maryland common law.[10] All deputy sheriffs are certified, sworn law enforcement officials with full power of arrest. All sworn members of the sheriff's office are agents of the U.S. state of Maryland and thus have authority throughout the entire state, although direct jurisdiction is limited to the Seventh Judicial Circuit of Maryland,[11] which includes Calvert County, Charles County, Prince George's County, and St. Mary's County.[12]

History[edit]

A PGSO corporal in service dress "A" uniform pins a collar device onto a U.S. Navy chief petty officer's uniform in September 2008.

1690s–1720s: Founding and British rule[edit]

The Sheriff's Office was founded April 22, 1696. The governor of Maryland, Sir Francis Nicholson, appointed Thomas Greenfield as the first sheriff. The St. Paul's Church in Charlestown held the headquarters for the Sheriff's Office until the 1720s when it was relocated to the town of Upper Marlboro. At the time of the 18th century, there was no set salary for the sheriff, but he was often paid in tobacco.[citation needed]

1810s: War of 1812[edit]

British soldiers on their way back into Prince George's County after razing Washington, D.C.

During the War of 1812, which lasted from 1812 to 1815, an incident occurred at the time of the Burning of Washington, D.C., when the sheriff's office became involved in an occurrence that led to the writing of the U.S. national anthem. As the British Army marched from Washington they passed through Prince George's County. Because the residents had cooperated with the British, the commander ensured that minimal damage was inflicted upon the local residents and their property. After the Battle of Bladensburg, the British Army returned to the area of Upper Marlboro. However, this time some of the British soldiers looted local farms. A sheriff's posse subsequently arrested the offending soldiers and placed them in the county jail. Upon learning about the arrest of his soldiers, the British commander ordered the arrest of the sheriff and the posse in turn. One of the posse members was Dr. William Beam. Beam was ultimately arrested and held for ransom on a British warship. Beam's brother-in-law, Francis Scott Key, went to Baltimore Harbor in search of him. He witnessed the British fleet under attack which was the inspiration of "The Star-Spangled Banner".[13]

During the war, an incident occurred involving the Prince George's County jail, when local resident Dr. William Beanes, (1775-1824) captured several marauding British Army deserters from the passing army of General General Robert Ross (1766-1814) and Vice Admiral, Sir George Cockburn, (1772-1853), and held them in the County Jail, after he had treated several wounded "Redcoat" soldiers in their march on to Washington and the disastrous Battle of Bladensburg on the Eastern Branch stream of the Anacostia River in August 1814. Later he was arrested along with several others including Robert Bowie, former 11th Governor of Maryland (1803-1806, 1811-1812) by retreating British cavalry on orders from Ross who had stayed in his home as headquarters. Later Francis Scott Key (1779-1843), a Georgetown and Frederick lawyer with Col. John S. Skinner, U.S. Prisoner-of-War and Parole Agent went to Baltimore secured a small sailing ship, the Minden, and sailed down the Patapsco River and the Chesapeake Bay to find the British Royal Navy fleet after leaving the Patuxent River, beating up the Bay from their base on Tangier Island, Virginia heading for their attack on the hated "nest of pirates" - Baltimore. After being received and negotiating with General Ross, Admiral Cockburn and their superior, Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, (1758-1832), and showing him some letters written by captured British wounded soldiers testifying to the fair treatment Beanes had given them and tended to them, they agreed to free him but that would be held up until they could celebrate after the Burning of Baltimore following their attack on Fort McHenry and landing troops to the east at North Point. Well, the famous story has been told, how the general was killed prior to the skirmishing at the Battle of North Point on September 12, how the advancing British under successor, Colonel Arthur Brooke led the British regiments to face the 20,000 drafted and volunteer citizens and militia under the command of Major General Samuel Smith, (1752-1839), of the Maryland Militia on the eastern heights of "Loudenschlager's Hill" (later known as "Hampstead Hill" in modern Patterson Park, between Highlandtown and Canton neighborhoods) whose dug-in fortifications and dragged cannon were so numerous that the "Redcoats" halted in their tracks and decided to await the shelling of the fort which guarded the entrances to the Harbor to pass into the inner port and the waterfront of Fells Point. Following the failure of the fort to fall to two days of "the rockets' red glare and the bombs bursting in air" and their flanking troop-loaded barge attack around the west end but driven back by alert artillery seamen at Forts Covington and Babcock in a driving night rainstorm, the British fleet turned about and set sail. Key and his companions Beanes and Skinner who were startled, amazed and emotionally overcome to see a huge 30 by 42 foot banner being raised in the light of the early morning with the distant booming of the morning's gun salute, knew that the fort and the city had held. When they landed at "The Basin" (modern "Inner Harbor") and Key finished up his draft of a new poem "The Defence of Fort McHenry" at the Indian Queen Hotel at West Baltimore and Hanover Streets, (later to be set to music in a few days) and sung lustily through the city, performed on the stage at the famed Holliday Street Theatre, and then soon throughout the state and soon the nation as "The Star Spangled Banner".

1929: Sheriff and police split[edit]

In 1929, due to an increase in population and crime, Prince George's County created a separate police department. Prior to this time, laws allowed detectives to be used on loan from the Baltimore City Police Department. The newly created police department allowed the Sheriff's Office to focus its manpower on enforcing orders of the court.[13]

1994–2000: Funding cuts and vacancies[edit]

From December 12, 1994, to January 2000, the PGSO did not hire any new deputies or civilian employees, leaving the agency with 92 vacant positions that needed to be filled. Over that period, 66 deputies left the agency, some retiring routinely, others leaving due to increased workloads caused by vacant positions. In some cases, deputies worked sixteen hours in one day, eight in courtrooms, and eight serving warrants. In December 1994, the agency had 248 deputies, whereas in January 20, 2000, it only had 192 deputies, with 20 leaving from November 1998 to January 2000. In July 1996, the county government decreased the amount of funding the PGSO was receiving. Unlike the PGPD at the time, the PGSO was not nationally accredited and still is not, as of January 2015.[8] Computers were also in short supply, and the few that were in use were outdated and obsolete.[9]

In 1996, the Southern Management Company, a firm responsible for managing residential apartments complexes, filed a lawsuit against the sheriff and the county government, with the plaintiffs alleging that they lost revenue due to the sheriff's office inability to evict tenants who were not paying their rent costs.[14][15]

In January 2000, it was revealed that the PGSO held seized money inside of a safe and did not report it to higher authorities.[16] In response to the news, the county council responded that they did not object to the PGSO's actions.[17]

In February 2000, the county government attempted to gain 57 million dollars from the state government at a courthouse in Charles County, to cover the costs of having sheriff's deputies providing security at a district court since 1971.[15] The state countered that the county was responsible for any of the costs incurred.[15]

In March 2000, the county executive announced 1.4 billion dollar budget for the county's government in the 2001 fiscal year, which included funding increases for the sheriff's office.[14]

2000–2002: Intradepartmental politics[edit]

On August 23, 2002, dozens of members from the Deputy Sheriff's Association issued a vote of no confidence in the incumbent sheriff during a meeting at the county's courthouse.[18][19][20] The vote, they claimed, was issued due to allegations that the sheriff made against members of the agency, in which he said they were deliberately malingering in order to reflect badly on him.[18][19][20] The sheriff rejected the allegations as unfounded and voiced his displeasure over the vote, calling them politically motivated due to their proximity to the primary elections, which was only weeks away at the time.[18][19][20]

2002: Deputies killed in the line of duty[edit]

Murders of James V. Arnaud and Elizabeth Licera Magruder
Prince George's County Maryland Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Adelphi Highlighted.svg
Location of Adelphi in Prince George's County, Maryland.
Location 9332 Lynmont Drive
Adelphi, Maryland, U.S.
Coordinates 39°00′33″N 76°57′52″W / 39.009086°N 76.964564°W / 39.009086; -76.964564 (9332 Lynmont Drive, Adelphi, Maryland, U.S., 20783)
Date Thursday, August 29, 2002; 12 years ago (2002-08-29)[21][22][23][24]
9:30 p.m. – 9:35 p.m. (UTC-4)
Target Prince George's County sheriff's deputies
Attack type
Murder
Weapons Semi-automatic 9mm-chambered handgun[21][25]
Deaths 2
Victims James Victor "Jim" Arnaud[22][23]
Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder[22][24]
Assailant James Ramiah Logan
Motive Psychiatric illness

On the evening of Thursday, August 29, 2002, two PGSO sheriff's deputies, Corporal James Victor "Jim" Arnaud, aged 53, and Deputy Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder, aged 30, were killed in the line of duty while trying to serve an Emergency Petition Service (EPS), a court-ordered psychological evaluation, on James Ramiah Logan, a 23-year-old part-time computer technician, drug dealer, and High Point High School graduate.[26][27][28][21]

Background[edit]

At approximately 9:30 p.m., on the night of August 29, 2002, Corporal Arnaud and Deputy Magruder arrived at the residence of James Ramiah Logan, a 23-year-old man who lived at his parents' single-story rambler house at 9332 Lynmont Drive in Adelphi, Maryland, near the Buck Lodge Middle School. They were to serve a petition to have an emergency psychiatric evaluation performed on Logan. Earlier in the day, Logan's wife, Valencia Flood, fearing for her safety and the safety of her children, filed the petition with the judicial system to have her husband receive treatment, saying that Logan was "paranoid" and that he "needs to be hospitalized immediately" as "his condition was worsening".[29][30] The petition entailed the deputies taking Logan to a hospital, where he would have his psychiatric health examined by medical personnel. A few days earlier, on August 26, Logan had been examined by a psychiatrist, who diagnosed him with paranoid schizophrenia and recommended that he be admitted to a medical institution to receive treatment for his mental health.[31][32] Logan adamantly believed that he was in sound mental health and refused to consent to any such treatment, and as such, he was not admitted to such an institution and was released.[32]

After the deputies arrived at the man's house, Logan's father, James Logan, Sr., a television repairman, led them inside the residence, where Logan was in the basement conducting a Bible study with Anthony Antwan Kromah, a 19-year-old man from Hyattsville, Maryland. Earlier in the month, Logan was released from a St. Mary's County detention center after posting a $25,000 bond. He had been arrested by a Maryland state trooper who had found cocaine, marijuana, and a .38 caliber handgun in Logan's automobile after stopping him as he was driving with Kromah and another man in St. Mary's County, being charged with possession of an illegal controlled substance with the intent to distribute.[31][33][32] Logan had also been using cocaine and smoking marijuana earlier in the day.[25]

After the deputies went into the basement, he was asked by Arnaud to come with him. However, Logan adamantly refused, saying "I told you, I'm not going with you anywhere". Logan then ran up the staircase and went into his former bedroom, now used as a guest bedroom, and closed the door. Arnaud and Magruder followed him to the room and stood outside the door. Arnaud tried to convince Logan to come out of the room, as Logan's parents and Magruder, who had joined the department in February 2001, stood by, watching.[21] After Logan's parents left the scene and went to the house's master bedroom, Logan became belligerent and uncooperative.[21] Partially hidden behind a closet door, Logan retrieved a semi-automatic 9mm-chambered handgun and fired at Arnaud, where a bullet struck him in the throat and severed his carotid artery.[21] Logan then shot Arnaud fatally in the chest.[21] Seeing Arnaud felled by gunfire, Magruder, who was wearing body armor, stepped back and drew her sidearm.[21] However, before she could return fire, Logan then shot six bullets at her, one of which struck her in the head, mortally wounding her.[21] Logan then went over to Arnaud and, while standing over his body, shot him four more times, injuring his liver and inducing severe internal bleeding.[21] Arnaud would die from severe gunshot-induced blood loss at the scene, but the mortally-wounded Magruder was able to call for assistance over her radio at 9:34 p.m.[21] Logan's father, who was in the house's master bedroom, had heard the gunshots, and thinking that the deputies had shot him, went over to see what had happened. Instead, he saw Logan leaving the house with a firearm in hand, and saw that the two deputies had been shot. Logan's father then called 9-1-1 via telephone at 9:39 p.m. to report the shooting to authorities.[21] Emergency medical technicians removed Arnaud and Magruder were removed from the house via stretchers, with Magruder being airlifted via medical helicopter to the Prince George's Hospital Center, with CPR being applied on her while en route.[34][35] However, she would be pronounced dead at the hospital before midnight.[36][37][38][34]

Manhunt[edit]

After shooting Magruder and killing Arnaud, Logan then fled the scene with Kromah in a silver-painted Dodge Charger with Maryland license plates, with Kromah driving the vehicle.[36] After leaving the house, Kromah took the weapon from Logan and attempted to wipe off any residual evidence, such as fingerprints, from it. The two then disposed of the murder weapon by burying it at a nearby forested cemetery and abandoned the getaway vehicle.[39] Kromah was captured and charged as an accomplice to the murder; he pleaded guilty on April 24, 2003 to being an accessory after the fact to a murder.[40] In the meantime, Logan stayed briefly at the residence of Twyla James, a woman who lived in Largo, Maryland.[41] James would later be arrested and charged as an accessory to murder as she transported Logan, whom she had known was a murder suspect and fugitive sought by legal authorities, to her residence and allowed him to stay there.[41] Logan was apprehended two days after the murder, on August 31, 2002, at a shed near the Quebec Arms Apartments in Hyattsville, Maryland, on the 8200 block of 14th Avenue.[32] He was spotted there by undercover Montgomery County policemen, who had received information that it had been an area that Logan was known to frequent in the past. Logan was found hiding in the shed by policemen, who then used a police canine and a taser to subdue and apprehend him.[32][42]

After his capture, Logan was taken to the Prince George's Hospital Center, where he received stitches and sutures, being treated for canine bites on his ankle and arms.[32] After receiving medical treatment for his injuries, Logan was taken to a police station, where he was interrogated for approximately three-and-a-half hours by Vincent "Vince" Canales, a PGPD detective, where he admitted to the murders. When asked by the detective why he had murdered the deputies, rather than fleeing without killing them, Logan said "I wanted to annihilate them, I couldn't leave them alive". The interrogation was recorded via camera and stored onto a VHS cassette tape and DVD, the contents of which would later be used in his murder trial as evidence to assist in convicting him.[43][44] In November 2002, Logan's attorney, Fred Warren Bennett, claimed that Logan could not be held criminally responsible for the murders, due to mental deficiencies and poor psychiatric health. In response, the judiciary mandated that Logan undergo a psychiatric evaluation.[41]

Trial[edit]

At his trial in late October 2003, Logan's attorney, Fred Warren Bennett, argued that although Logan did kill the deputies, he was not criminally responsible for the killings due to mental illness, and thus, should be acquitted by reason of insanity.[45][46] However, the state's prosecution argued that any mental decencies Logan had were brought about by his usage of illegal narcotics, such as cocaine and marijuana, and as such, he would be legally responsible for the murders.[45] Ultimately, the jury did not agree with the arguments put forth by Logan's defense attorney and Logan was convicted of second-degree murder on November 10, 2003, after jurors deliberated for ten hours over the span of three days over his fate.[47][48] A few weeks later, on December 12, 2003, Logan was sentenced by the trial's judge, E. Allen Shepherd, to one hundred years of imprisonment, without the possibility of parole.[30][29] Before he was sentenced, Logan apologized to the relatives and comrades of his victims, and asked Shepherd to show mercy in his sentencing him. Shepherd rebuked Logan's pleas for mercy, citing the heinous nature of the crime, which he remarked as being the most callous one he had encountered as a member of the judiciary, saying "I've never experienced a case of a murder more cold-blooded than those that occurred in this case" and "You decided you were going to annihilate those two people".[30][29][49]

Retrial[edit]

Despite his conviction, Logan's attorneys tried to appeal to the courts, with the one-hundred year prison sentence being unanimously upheld by a three-judge judicial panel on June 15, 2004. However, in their decision, the panel granted him the possibility of paroled release after fifty years.[50][51] However, more than a year later, on September 7, 2005, the conviction was overturned by the Maryland Court of Appeals and Logan was awarded a second trial. The judiciary determined that the investigators had acted with impropriety in the process of obtaining of Logan's confession to the murders by violating Logan's Miranda rights, and by deliberately misleading him in order to obtain a confession.[52] The court also determined that the judiciary's selection process of jurors for the trial had not been rigorous enough and had thus been conducted improperly.[25] Logan's retrial began in June 2007, with the prosecution unable to use Logan's confession to present its case for conviction, for the judiciary had ruled that it had been obtained with impropriety.[53] In the retrial, the prosecution used the same argument it had used in the original trial back in 2003, arguing that Logan's insanity defense was illegitimate due to his usage of illegal controlled substances. The state's prosecution argued that Logan himself was solely responsible for any deficiencies in his mental health, saying that they were brought about through his consumption of illegal narcotics, such as cocaine and marijuana, two illegal controlled substances which he had used on the day of the murders.[53] Ultimately, the first attempt at a retrial ended in June 2007 with a mistrial after jurors couldn't come to a verdict after ten hours of deliberations.[53] On July 1, 2007, Logan's attorney died after being involved in an automobile collision on Route 10 in Glen Burnie, further complicating matters.[54] However, a few months later, he was subsequently convicted again after pleading guilty and sentenced to thirty years imprisonment on October 24, 2007, with credit for the five years he had already served, much to the disappointment of the victims' surviving family members, who felt he deserved a lifelong imprisonment for his crime.[55][56]

Legacy[edit]

The murders occurred eleven days before the Democratic Party's primary election to determine its candidate for the Prince George's County sheriff.[57] As there were no candidates running for sheriff in any other parties, the winner of the primary election would run unopposed in the general election itself.[57] The incumbent sheriff lost reelection to the union president.[57]

Arnaud was posthumously promoted to sergeant, and Magruder was posthumously promoted to deputy first class. Arnaud is survived by his wife, Theresa, and several children.[23][31] Magruder is survived by her husband Derwinn and her three-year-old son Devinn.[24][58][59][60] In September 2002, Arnaud and Magruder were posthumously honored before the U.S. House of Representatives by U.S. Representative Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland's 5th congressional district.[61]

The killings helped to spur the passage of a new Maryland state law pertaining to the treatment of the mentally ill, which went into effect on October 1, 2003. The law's creation and passage were spurred in part by testimony from Logan's parents, James Logan, Sr. and Karen Logan. The law allows a judge to order a mandatory psychiatric evaluation of a person, if the person presented a threat to themselves or to others.[62][63]

2008: Deputy wounded in Laurel[edit]

On February 16, 2008, at approximately 3:30 a.m., a PGSO SWAT team member was shot and critically wounded while serving a warrant as part of a task force with Deputy U.S. Marshals. The suspect, Aaron M. Lowry, was wanted for the shooting of a Washington, D.C. police officer. The injured deputy was flown to Baltimore Shock Trauma Center where he had surgery and was upgraded to serious but stable condition, and survived.[64]

2008: Berwyn Heights mayor's residence raid[edit]

On July 29, 2008, the PGPD and PGSO raided the home of Cheye Calvo, the mayor of the Town of Berwyn Heights. The raid team did not coordinate their action with the local police department as required by mutual agreement, nor did they did not obtain a warrant or knock on the door to announce their presence. They raided the house with explosive devices and with firearms drawn. During the course of the raid, they shot and killed the Calvo family's two pet Labrador retriever dogs.

No charges were filed against the family. A PGSO internal investigation stated that the PGSO's actions were justified. In 2010, Sheriff Michael A. Jackson, defended the actions taken during the raid, saying: "Quite frankly we'd do it again tonight."[65]

2012: Courthouse misconduct[edit]

In June 2012, Deputy Lamar McIntyre was charged with having coitus with a woman that was in custody at the county courthouse. In 2014, He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three years in custody, with all but one year suspended. He was mandated to be required to submit to eighteen months of supervised probation.[66][67]

2012–present: Accreditation[edit]

Although it has been working for over fifteen years towards achieving accreditation, since 2000, the PGSO, as of January 2015, has still not been nationally accredited.[8]

Organization[edit]

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office substation in Largo, Maryland, in February 2009.
The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office substation in Largo, Maryland, in May 2009.

The sheriff is elected by the citizens of Prince George's County. The rank structure of the remaining members of the Sheriff's Office is modeled after the U.S. military. The ranks of student deputy through corporal are non-competitive. sergeant through captain are competitive. The ranks of lieutenant colonel (Assistant Sheriff) and colonel (Chief Assistant Sheriff) are appointed by, and serve at the disrections of the sheriff.[68]

The PGSO is divided into three bureaus:[68]

Headquarters[edit]

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office's headquarters was located at the county seat of Upper Marlboro until 2000, when Sheriff Alonzo D. "Al" Black II, moved it to the nearby town of Largo where it remained until August 2008. His successor, Sheriff Michael A. Jackson returned the office headquarters to Upper Marlboro, near the Depot Pond, where it remains today. He was succeeded by Sheriff Melvin C. High in 2010, who was subsequently re-elected in 2014.[68]

Bureau of Court Services[edit]

The PGSO's Bureau of Court Services is based out of the court complex located within the municipality of Upper Marlboro and is responsible for the safety and security of the circuit court in Upper Marlboro, transportation of inmates, and to provide assistant security and law enforcement services to the District Court in Upper Marlboro and Hyattsville, as well as domestic violence liaison services. The Bureau of Court Services is subdivided into four sections: Circuit Court, District Court, Transportation, and Building Security. Specifically, the bureau is responsible for the safety and security of the 7th Judicial Circuit for the State of Maryland and the District Court for Prince George's County located within the court complexes and adjacent property in Upper Marlboro and Hyattsville. Yearly, between the Circuit Court, District Court, Transportation, and Building Security Sections, the bureau transports an average of 31,000 prisoners, effects 700 warrant and warrantless arrests, and interviews over 8,000 victims of domestic violence.[69]

Bureau of Field Operations[edit]

The PGSO's Bureau of Field Operations was based out of the Largo Substation and is charged with: Civil/Landlord & Tenant, Domestic Violence Intervention Unit (DVIU or DV Unit), Warrant/Fugitive Squad, and Child Support Enforcement. The Civil section is responsible for service of criminal and civil summonses, and other court-ordered writs. The Landlord and Tenant (L&T) Section is responsible for notification of delinquent rent and/or mortgage payments/foreclosures, and court-ordered evictions. The section receives approximately 10,000 writs for non-payment each month.[70]

The Domestic Violence Intervention Unit's primary responsibility is response to domestic-related 9-1-1 calls, court-ordered psychiatric commitments, and ex parte protective order service.[71] The Prince George's DV Unit was the first in the State of Maryland and the first to operate on a 24-hour basis, and is considered a nationally-recognized model.[72] The unit receives on average over 1,200 orders per month, the highest in the state.[73]

Bureau of Administration[edit]

The Sheriff's Office headquarters in Upper Marlboro, Maryland in March 2009.

The PGSO's Bureau of Administration is based out of the main headquarters located in Upper Marlboro and contains the School Resource, Public Information Office (PIO), Recruiting, Training, and Internal Affairs. The Public Information Office (PIO) also operates an Explorers Post,[74] Prince George's County Sheriff's Office Explorer Post #1696 for Prince George's County youths between the ages of 15 (or 14, provisionally) and 20. The sheriff and his command staff operate out of the Sheriff's Office complex located in Upper Marlboro. Most of the civilian support personnel also work out of this facility providing administrative duties such as NCIC monitoring, teletype (TTY), uniform and supply, criminal warrant research and organization, as well as other administrative duties as directed.[75]

Special Operations Division[edit]

A Sheriff's Office armored tactical transport vehicle in May 2009.
A "Police Edition" Harley-Davidson motorcycle of the Motors Unit in June 2009.

The PGSO's Special Operations Division (SOD) is responsible for specialized and specific services. The division is commanded by an assistant bureau chief and has different teams specifically responsible for: SST (SWAT)-response, executive and witness protection, riot control, crisis negotiations, intelligence gathering, motorcycle escort, and ceremonial duties.[76]

Specialized units[edit]


Union representation[edit]

Sworn PGSO personnel below the rank of captain, along with all civilian employees, are represented by the Deputy Sheriffs' Association/Fraternal Order of Police, Maryland Lodge 112 (DSA). The DSA is a labor union that provides, among other things, collective bargaining and legal assistance for its members.[78] The current president of the union is William R. Milam. (www.dsapg.com) [79]

Sheriffs[edit]

Sheriffs of Prince George's County
Name Tenure Party Notes
T. Ward Martin[80] 1946-1950[80]
Carleton G. Beall[80] 1950-1954[80]
J. Lee Ball[80] 1954-1962[80]
William J. Jamieson[80] 1962-1966[80]
William J. Kersey[80] 1966-1970[80]
Don Edward Ansell[80] 1970-1978[80]
  James V. Aluisi[80] 1978-1998[80] D-MD[80]
  Alonzo D. "Al" Black II[80][81][20][19][82][83] 1998-2002[80][81][20][82][19][83] D-MD[80][81][20][82][19][83] Lost his party's nomination for the office of sheriff in 2002 to Michael A. Jackson, who went on to win the election unopposed.[80][81][20][82][19][83]
  Michael A. Jackson[80][81][20][82][19] 2002-2010[80][81][20][82][19] D-MD[80][81][20][82][19]
  Melvin C. High[80] 2010–present[80] D-MD[80] Reelected in 2014 for a second term.

Line of duty deaths[edit]

There have been two PGSO deputy sheriffs killed in the line of duty, both in August 2002.

Name Date Details
Sergeant James Victor "Jim" Arnaud
Thursday, August 29, 2002
Gunfire
Deputy First Class Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder
Thursday, August 29, 2002
Gunfire

Rank structure[edit]

Rank Insignia Description
Sheriff
1 Gold Star.svg
The Sheriff is the highest-ranking law enforcement officer of Prince George's County and is held accountable to the citizens of the county. The sheriff's rank insignia is a single gold five-pointed star.
Colonel
US-O6 insignia shaded.svg
The Chief Assistant Sheriff of Prince George's County is the second in command and handles the day-to-day operations of the Sheriff's Office. The Chief Assistant Sheriff's rank is that of colonel, and is symbolized by a silver eagle.
Lieutenant colonel
US-O5 insignia.svg
The Assistant Sheriff (Bureau Chief) is the third in command and has the responsibility of his/her bureau's day-to-day operations. The Assistant Sheriff's rank is that of lieutenant colonel, symbolized by a silver oak leaf.
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
The Deputy Bureau Chief was fourth in command, designated as the Deputy Bureau Chief, and served under the Bureau Chief (a lieutenant colonel). The rank insignia of a major was a gold oak leaf.
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
The Assistant Bureau Chief serves under the Bureau Chief (a lieutenant colonel) and is in command of one or more divisions. The rank insignia is symbolized by two connected gold bars.
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
The Division Commander may serve as an acting captain and is directed by the Assistant Bureau Chief. The rank insignia is symbolized by a single gold bar.
Sergeant
Los Angeles Sheriff's Department Sergeant Rank Chevrons.svg
A squad sergeant may serve as an acting lieutenant and is in charge of a squad of deputy sheriffs at the rank of corporal and below. The sergeant's rank is symbolized by three gold chevrons bordered by a black background.
Corporal
Corporal Prince George's County Sheriff's Office.svg
A corporal is a supervisor and is known colloquially as a "9-car". A corporal may serve as an acting sergeant in situations that may call for it. The rank insignia of a corporal is symbolized by two gold chevrons bordered by a black background.
Deputy first class
Deputy First Class Prince George's County Sheriff's Office.svg
The rank of deputy first class, also known as private first class, is awarded as a time-in-rate promotion, meaning that it is automatically bestowed to a deputy who has served for a certain amount of time. If a deputy is killed in the line of duty, then the rank may be bestowed posthumously by the sheriff.
Deputy sheriff, private
Blank.jpg
Recruits successfully completing the police academy are appointed as deputy sheriffs, private.
Student deputy
Blank.jpg
Trainees are known as student deputies while attending the police academy.

Fleet[edit]

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office currently operates a fleet consisting primarily of ninth generation Chevrolet Impalas[2][3] and Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors.[4][5]

In the past, the PGSO used eight generation Chevrolet Impalas, first generation Ford Crown Victorias,[84] fifth generation Pontiac Grand Prix sedans,[85][86][87][88] Jeep Cherokees,[89] as well as a few 1999 to 2001 Chevrolet Luminas.[90][91] The PGSO's transportation unit uses specialized Chevrolet and Dodge vans, whereas the motorcycle unit uses Harley-Davidson Police Edition motorcycles. The PGSO also has a Freightliner FS-65 bus.[92]

The current paint scheme of the PGSO's marked cruisers is a white base paint with brown and gold striping with the word "SHERIFF" emblazoned on the side doors.[4][2][3] In the past, the PGSO's vehicular stripes were green and gold,[89][5][90][91][92] with a simple PGSO patch door decal being used before that, with black "SHERIFF" lettering written in a sans-serif typeface.[84][85][86][87][88] The light bars used on the PGSO's cars are a slim Whelen Generation II LED version, with red and blue lighting. The Domestic Violence Intervention Unit has all marked vehicles with Panasonic Toughbook computers assigned to the cars.[77][93]

Vehicle Country of origin Type Notes Picture(s)
Chevrolet Impala  United States (origin)
 Canada (manufacture)
Cruiser Ninth generation model, also used for K-9 duties. Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, School Resource Division Chevrolet Impala in December 2006.Prince George's County Sheriff's Office marked K-9 Chevrolet Impala in October 2009.The Prince George's County Sheriff's star with striping decals emblazoned on the side of a 2007 police-package Chevrolet Impala in December 2008.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2005 Budget". Prince George's County, Maryland. Prince George's County, Maryland: Prince George's County, Maryland. 2005. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c McGrath, Daryl. "2006 Chevrolet Impala". National Police Car Archives. National Police Car Archive. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c McGrath, Daryl. "2006 Chevrolet Impala -- Rear". National Police Car Archives. National Police Car Archive. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Prince George's County. "5152462_orig". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff Explorers Post 1696. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c Sommer, William. "2000 Ford Police Interceptor". National Police Car Archives. National Police Car Archive. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff (1999). "Site Map". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Retrieved October 25, 2009. 
  7. ^ Prince George's County (June 6, 2012). "Office of The Sheriff". Prince George's County Office of The Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved July 28, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff (January 2015). "Newsletter". Office of the Sheriff News 4 (1). Maryland: Prince George's County. p. 1. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Ita, Eyobong (January 20, 2000). "Vacancies squeeze county Sheriff's Department". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post-Newsweek Media, Inc. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ 2006–2007 Edition Maryland Criminal Laws & Motor Vehicle Handbook with Related Statutes including Legal Guidelines. Gould Publications. 2006. 
  11. ^ Prince George's County (2015). "Prince George's County Application Process". MyPGC. Prince George's County, Maryland: Prince George's County. 
  12. ^ State of Maryland (April 30, 2014). "Circuit Courts: Origin & Functions". Maryland State Archives. Maryland: State of Maryland. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Oertly, Louis J. "Lou" (1996). "The Fascinating History of the Office of the Sheriff". Prince George's County: Over 300 years of History. Maryland: Prince George's County Historical Society. Retrieved December 16, 2002. 
  14. ^ a b Ita, Eyobong (March 30, 2000). "$1.4 billion budget proposed for 2001". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post-Newsweek Media, Inc. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c Ita, Eyobong (February 24, 2000). "State argues against 30 years of payments for sheriff deputies". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post-Newsweek Media, Inc. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  16. ^ Whitlock, Craig (January 23, 2000). "Maryland Sheriff's Office Hid Seized Cash". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved August 17, 2000. 
  17. ^ Whitlock, Craig (February 2, 2000). "Council Untroubled By Sheriff's Actions". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c Johnson, Greg (August 29, 2002). "Deputies reject sheriff's claim against union". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Johnson, Greg (September 12, 2002). "Sheriff candidates still waiting for primary outcome". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Johnson, Greg (September 19, 2002). "Jackson is sheriff-elect". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Federal Bureau of Investigation (November 2003). "Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 2002". Uniform Crime Reporting Program. United States of America: United States Department of Justice. pp. 48–49. Retrieved December 23, 2003. 
  22. ^ a b c Floyd, Craig W. (June 1, 2009). "Law Enforcement's Multiple Death Tragedies". In the Line of Duty. 400 7th Street N.W., Suite 300, Washington, D.C., 20004: National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund. Retrieved December 5, 2009. Deputy First Class Elizabeth Magruder of the Prince George's County (MD) Sheriff's Office is one of 21 female officers killed in multiple death incidents. On August 29, 2002, Deputy Magruder and her partner, Sergeant James V. Arnaud, were shot and killed while attempting to take a man from his parents' home for psychiatric care. Ironically, they were there to help the man and his family, but oftentimes helping others means putting your own life at risk if you are a law enforcement professional. 
  23. ^ a b c Officer Down Memorial Page (2014). "Sergeant James Victor Arnaud, Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, Maryland". ODMP Remembers. Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c Officer Down Memorial Page (2014). "Private First Class Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder, Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, Maryland". ODMP Remembers. Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  25. ^ a b c Hollander, J.; Eyler, James R.; Rodowsky, Lawrence F. (September 7, 2005). "James Ramiah Logan v. State of Maryland (No. 2361)". Court of Special Appeals of Maryland. Maryland: State of Maryland. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  26. ^ Federations of Police and Security Officers (2002). "Death of Two Princes". Federations of Police/Security News (Briarcliff Manor, New York) 7 (2). Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  27. ^ Taylor, Guy (August 31, 2002). "Killing of 2 deputies spurs manhunt". The Washington Times. News World Communications, Inc. Retrieved September 3, 2002. 
  28. ^ Associated Press (2002). "Two Sheriff's Deputies Killed in Shooting". Associated Press. Associated Press. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  29. ^ a b c Manigo, Tyisha; Friess, Jay (December 18, 2002). "Man convicted in deputies' deaths sentenced". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b c Manigo, Tyisha; Friess, Jay (December 15, 2003). "Man convicted in double police murder sentenced to 100 years". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  31. ^ a b c Johnson, Greg (September 5, 2002). "'It's a tragic, tragic loss...'". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f Williams, Clarence; Harris, Hamil R. (September 1, 2002). "Man Arrested in Slayings of Two Deputies: Suspect Cornered in Shed 29 Hours After Shootings". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. p. A1. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  33. ^ Circuit Court for St. Mary's County: Criminal System (January 30, 2004). "State of Maryland vs James Ramiah Logan (18K02000570)". Maryland: Circuit Court of Maryland. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  34. ^ a b Brown, Paul (September 1, 2002). "World Of Fire Report: 08-29-02". World Of Fire Report. World Of Fire Report. Retrieved January 4, 2014. ADELPHI (PRINCE GEORGE'S Co.), MD: *Fatal* Police Officers shot at 9322 [sic] Lynmont Dr. *(1) Sherriff [sic] DOA* & (1) being Medevaced with *CPR in progress*. (RC*DC51) [DC/BMD/E*23]. 9:50p.m. ... Update - ADELPHI (PRINCE GEORGE'S Co), MD: *Double LODD Police shooting* 9322 [sic] Lynmont Dr. (2) PGCO Sheriffs shot & killed while serving papers. Perps still @ large. (DC51). [DC/BMD/E*23]. 11:15p.m. 
  35. ^ Dvorak, Petula; Williams, Clarence (August 30, 2002). "2 Deputies Fatally Shot At Pr. George's Home: One or Two People Fled Scene, Police Say". The Washington Post (Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company). p. A01. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  36. ^ a b Dvorak, Petula; Williams, Clarence (August 30, 2002). "2 MD. Deputies Fatally Shot Inside Home: One or Two People Fled Scene, Police Say". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. p. A01. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  37. ^ WBAL (August 31, 2002). "Man Wanted in Deaths of MD Deputies is Captured". WBAL. Baltimore, Maryland: WBAL-TV. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  38. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (August 31, 2002). "Man, 23, Sought in Killings of 2 MD Deputies". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  39. ^ Associated Press (September 2002). "Second Man Charged in Deputies' Killings Helped Bury Weapon". Associated Press. Associated Press. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  40. ^ Lowe, Scott M., Jr. (April 30, 2003). "Defendant pleads guilty to accessory charges". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  41. ^ a b c Johnson, Greg (December 11, 2002). "Accused shooter in deputy slayings to be given evaluation". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  42. ^ Associated Press (August 31, 2002). "Man Arrested in Police Deaths". Associated Press. Associated Press. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  43. ^ Stockwell, Jamie (September 4, 2002). "Second Arrest in Slayings of Deputies". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  44. ^ Bell, C.J.; Raker, J.; Wilner; Cathell; Harrell; Battaglia; Greene (September 2005). "State of Maryland v. James Ramiah Logan". Circuit Court for Prince George's County. Maryland: Court of Appeals of the State of Maryland. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  45. ^ a b The Gazette (October 31, 2003). "Defense in deputy slaying case argues insanity". 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  46. ^ Cook, Mary (October 31, 2003). "Adelphi man's mental competency dominates deputies slaying trial". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  47. ^ Tate, Sonsyrea (November 14, 2003). "Logan avoids death penalty in deputies' murder trial". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  48. ^ Higgins, Tiesha (November 14, 2003). "Man charged with deputy murders sentenced to 100 years". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  49. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (July 26, 2008). "Obituaries: E. Allen Shepherd, 71; Md. Circuit Court Judge". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  50. ^ Tate, Sonsyrea (June 16, 2004). "Judges uphold 100-year sentence of deputies' killer". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  51. ^ Tate, Sonsyrea (June 23, 2004). "Panel ruling upholds 100-year jail sentence". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  52. ^ Rich, Eric; Pratt, Bobbye (September 8, 2005). "Court Orders New Trial in Killings of Md. Deputies". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  53. ^ a b c Castaneda, Ruben (June 16, 2007). "Judge Declares Mistrial in 2002 Slaying of Two Deputies". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  54. ^ Bernstein, Adam; Castaneda, Ruben; Levine, Susan (July 3, 2007). "Fred W. Bennett; Lawyer Led Death-Penalty Appeals". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  55. ^ The Washington Examiner (October 25, 2007). "Man gets 25 years for killing two cops". The Washington Examiner. Clarity Media Group. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  56. ^ Rondeaux, Candace (October 25, 2007). "Guilty Plea in Deputies' Slayings: 30-Year Sentence Disappoints Ivey, Victims' Relatives". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  57. ^ a b c Johnson, Greg (November 25, 2002). "New sheriff finalizes staff positions, eyes bottom line". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  58. ^ Leonard, Guy (September 5, 2002). "Services held Wednesday for slain officer". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  59. ^ The Washington Times (September 6, 2002). "Police praised at funeral of dedicated PG deputy". The Washington Times. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Times, LLC. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  60. ^ Caretas (September 12, 2002). "Era Una Marshall Peruana". Caretas (in Spanish). Peru: Empresa Editora Multimedia, SAC. Retrieved September 16, 2002. 
  61. ^ Hoyer, Steny H. (September 19, 2002). "In Memory of Corporal James Victor Arnaud and Deputy Elizabeth Licera Magruder". Congressional Record 148 (119). Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. p. E1627. Retrieved March 27, 2015. 
  62. ^ Sedam, Sean R. (October 9, 2003). "Advocates hope law will ease evaluations of mentally ill". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: 2014 Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  63. ^ Desmon, Stephanie (February 27, 2003). "Changes to law on psychiatric testing debated". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore, Maryland: The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  64. ^ Mitchell, Josh (February 16, 2008). "Sheriff's Deputy shot in Laurel while trying to serve warrant". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 17, 2008. [dead link]
  65. ^ Balko, Radley. "2013". Public Affairs. Kindle Location 8086. 
  66. ^ The Associated Press (February 14, 2014). "Former Md. Deputy Sheriff Sentenced For Sex With Inmate". CBS: DC. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  67. ^ The Associated Press (February 14, 2014). "Lamar McIntyre, former Md. deputy sheriff, sentenced". WJLA. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  68. ^ a b c Prince George's County (April 21, 2011). "Overview". Office of the Sheriff. Prince George's County, Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  69. ^ Prince George's County (April 21, 2011). "Bureau of Court Services". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved May 2, 2013. 
  70. ^ Prince George's County (April 21, 2011). "Civil Division". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved May 2, 2013. 
  71. ^ Prince George's County (April 21, 2011). "Domestic Violence Unit". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved May 2, 2013. 
  72. ^ Maryland Sheriff 23 (1). p. 13. 
  73. ^ Maryland Sheriff 23 (1). p. 15. 
  74. ^ Prince George's County (2015). "Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff Explorers Post 1696". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  75. ^ Prince George's County (April 21, 2011). "Agency Overview". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  76. ^ OpTac International (November 2008). "National SWAT/Sniper Symposium: January 2009". OpTac International. OpTac International. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  77. ^ a b c d e f g h i Prince George's County (2011). "Typical Duties of a Deputy Sheriff". Office of the Sheriff of Prince George's County. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved January 8, 2011. 
  78. ^ "Deputy Sheriffs Association of Prince George's County". Fraternal Order of Police Lodge 112. Maryland: D3Corp. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  79. ^ FOP Lodge 112. "Board of Directors". FOP Lodge 112. Fraternal Order of Police. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  80. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y State of Maryland (February 20, 2013). "Sheriffs, Prince George's County, Maryland". Maryland State Archives. State of Maryland. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  81. ^ a b c d e f g State of Maryland (February 20, 2013). "Prince George's County 2002 Primary Election Returns". Maryland State Archives. Maryland: State of Maryland. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  82. ^ a b c d e f g Johnson, Greg (January 8, 2003). "Crime rise steady in 2002 despite police dept. changes". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  83. ^ a b c d Bowie State University (2013). "Alonzo D. Black II, '74". Bowie State University. 14000 Jericho Park Road, Bowie, Maryland: Bowie State University. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  84. ^ a b Prince George's County (1999). "K-9". Prince George's County Office of the Sheriff. Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved October 26, 2001. 
  85. ^ a b RWCar4. "Pontiac Grand Prix - 1". Police Car Website. Police Car Website. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  86. ^ a b RWCar4. "Pontiac Grand Prix - 2". Police Car Website. Police Car Website. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  87. ^ a b RWCar4. "Pontiac Grand Prix - 3". Police Car Website. Police Car Website. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  88. ^ a b RWCar4. "Pontiac Grand Prix - 4". Police Car Website. Police Car Website. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  89. ^ a b RWCar4. "Jeep Cherokee". Police Car Website. Police Car Website. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  90. ^ a b RWCar4 (2005). "1999 Chevrolet Lumina". National Police Car Archives. National Police Car Archives. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  91. ^ a b RWCar4 (2005). "1999 Chevrolet Lumina -- Rear". National Police Car Archives. National Police Car Archives. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  92. ^ a b 10-42Adam (May 14, 2012). "Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, Maryland Vehicle #591". Flickr. Yahoo!, Inc. Retrieved February 27, 2015. A bus owned by the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office in Maryland. 
  93. ^ Prince George's County (August 23, 2012). "Fleet Management Division". Office of Central Services. Prince George's County, Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved May 1, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]