Prince George's County Sheriff's Office

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This article is about the Maryland sheriff's office. For the Virginian sheriff's office, see Prince George County Sheriff's Office.
Office of the Sheriff, Prince George's County
Common name Prince George's County Sheriff's Office
Abbreviation PGSO
Prince George County, MD Sheriff.jpg
Patch of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office
Badge of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office.png
Badge of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office
Flag of Prince George's County, Maryland.svg
Flag of Prince George's County, Maryland
Motto "Trust, Respect, Integrity, Professionalism, Public Service!"
Agency overview
Formed 1696
Annual budget $19,429,000[1]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* County of Prince George's in the state of Maryland, U.S.
Map of Maryland highlighting Prince George's County.svg
The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office's jurisdiction
Size 498 square miles (1,290 km2)
Population 801,515
Legal jurisdiction State of Maryland (common law)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters 5303 Chrysler Way, Upper Marlboro, Maryland, U.S., 20772
38°48′53″N 76°44′26″W / 38.814797°N 76.740523°W / 38.814797; -76.740523Coordinates: 38°48′53″N 76°44′26″W / 38.814797°N 76.740523°W / 38.814797; -76.740523
Sworn members 270
Agency executives
  • Melvin C. High, Sheriff
  • Darrin C. Palmer, Chief Assistant Sheriff
Facilities
Patrol cars Chevrolet Impala
Website
www.PrinceGeorgesCountyMD.gov
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office (PGSO), officially the Office of the Sheriff, Prince George's County, provides law enforcement services in Prince George's County, Maryland in the United States. Its headquarters is located in Upper Marlboro. The sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer of Prince George's County and is elected every four years. There are no term limits for the sheriff.[2]

Created in 1696, the traditional duties of the sheriff are keeper of the public peace and the enforcement arm of the county court, analogous to the U.S. Marshals Service. The PGSO has a relatively long history. The PGSO was involved with events that occurred during the burning of Washington and affected the writing of the "The Star-Spangled Banner". Prior to 1931, the PGSO was the sole law enforcement organization within the county.[citation needed]

Today, the duties of the sheriff include service of court-ordered warrants, writs, protective orders, and other injunctions. The Domestic Violence Unit has expanded its role in the county to include responding to calls for service that are domestic-related. The creation of the School Resource Deputy division has placed a deputy sheriff at all of the local high schools, replacing the County Police. All other law enforcement services of the county are provided by multiple agencies but mostly left to the separate Prince George's County Police Department (PGPD), though some responsibilities are shared by both agencies. The PGSO, like most other county-level law enforcement agencies in the United States, is a progressive agency with an array of services in tom a Specialized Services Team dealing with high-risk arrest warrants and barricade situations to community services aiding the county's citizens in safety education.

Authority[edit]

The sheriff is the chief law enforcement official of Prince George's County per Maryland common law.[3] All deputy sheriffs are certified, sworn law enforcement officials with full power of arrest. All sworn members of the sheriff's office are agents of the U.S. state of Maryland and thus have authority throughout the entire state, although direct jurisdiction is limited to the Seventh Judicial Circuit of Maryland[4] (which includes: Calvert County, Charles County, Prince George's County, and St. Mary's County).[5]

History[edit]

A PGSO corporal in service dress "A" uniform pins a collar device onto a U.S. Navy Chief Petty Officer's uniform in September 2008.

The Sheriff's Office was founded April 22, 1696. The governor of Maryland, Sir Francis Nicholson, appointed Thomas Greenfield as the first sheriff. The St. Paul's Church in Charlestown held the headquarters for the Sheriff's Office until the 1720s when it was relocated to the town of Upper Marlboro. At the time of the 18th Century, there was no set salary for the sheriff, but he was often paid in tobacco.[citation needed]

During the War of 1812, (1812-1815), an incident occurred involving the Prince George's County Jail, when local resident Dr. William Beanes, (1775-1824) captured several marauding British Army deserters from the passing army of General Robert Ross (British Army officer)|General Robert Ross (1766-1814) and Vice Admiral, Sir George Cockburn, (1772-1853), and held them in the County Jail, after he had treated several wounded "Redcoat" soldiers in their march on to Washington and the disastrous Battle of Bladensburg on the Eastern Branch stream of the Anacostia River in August 1814. Later he was arrested along with several others including Robert Bowie, former 11th Governor of Maryland (1803-1806, 1811-1812) by retreating British cavalry on orders from Ross who had stayed in his home as headquarters. Later Francis Scott Key (1779-1843), a Georgetown and Frederick lawyer with Col. John S. Skinner, U.S. Prisoner-of-War and Parole Agent went to Baltimore secured a small sailing ship, the "Minden" and sailed down the Patapsco River and the Chesapeake Bay to find the British Royal Navy fleet after leaving the Patuxent River, beating up the Bay from their base on Tangier Island, Virginia heading for their attack on the hated "nest of pirates" - Baltimore. After being received and negotiating with General Ross, Admiral Cockburn and their superior, Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, (1758-1832), and showing him some letters written by captured British wounded soldiers testifying to the fair treatment Beanes had given them and tended to them, they agreed to free him but that would be held up until they could celebrate after the Burning of Baltimore following their attack on Fort McHenry and landing troops to the east at North Point. Well, the famous story has been told, how the general was killed prior to the skirmishing at the Battle of North Point on September 12, how the advancing British under successor, Colonel Arthur Brooke led the British regiments to face the 20,000 drafted and volunteer citizens and militia under the command of Major General Samuel Smith, (1752-1839), of the Maryland Militia on the eastern heights of "Loudenschlager's Hill" (later known as "Hampstead Hill" in modern Patterson Park, between Highlandtown and Canton neighborhoods) whose dug-in fortifications and dragged cannon were so numerous that the "Redcoats" halted in their tracks and decided to await the shelling of the fort which guarded the entrances to the Harbor to pass into the inner port and the waterfront of Fells Point. Following the failure of the fort to fall to two days of "the rockets' red glare and the bombs bursting in air" and their flanking troop-loaded barge attack around the west end but driven back by alert artillery seamen at Forts Covington and Babcock in a driving night rainstorm, the British fleet turned about and set sail. Key and his companions Beanes and Skinner who were startled, amazed and emotionally overcome to see a huge 30 by 42 foot banner being raised in the light of the early morning with the distant booming of the morning's gun salute, knew that the fort and the city had held. When they landed at "The Basin" (modern "Inner Harbor") and Key finished up his draft of a new poem "The Defence of Fort McHenry" at the Indian Queen Hotel at West Baltimore and Hanover Streets, (later to be set to music in a few days) and sung lustily through the city, performed on the stage at the famed Holliday Street Theatre, and then soon throughout the state and soon the nation as "The Star Spangled Banner".

The headquarters for the Sheriff's Office was in the county seat of Upper Marlboro until 2000, when Sheriff Alonzo D. "Al" Black II, moved it to the nearby town of Largo where it remained until August 2008. His successor, Sheriff Michael A. Jackson returned the office headquarters to Upper Marlboro. He was succeeded by Sheriff Melvin C. High in 2010.[6]

Line of duty deaths[edit]

There have been two deputy sheriffs killed in the line of duty, both in August 2002.

Name Date Details
Sergeant James Victor "Jim" Arnaud
Thursday, August 29, 2002
Gunfire
Deputy First Class Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder
Thursday, August 29, 2002
Gunfire

1810s: War of 1812[edit]

British soldiers on their way back into Prince George's County after the Burning of Washington, D.C.

During the War of 1812, at the time of the Burning of Washington, D.C., the sheriff's office became involved in an occurrence that led to the writing of the American national anthem. As the British Army marched from Washington they passed through Prince George's County. Because the residents had cooperated with the British, the commander ensured that minimal damage was inflicted upon the local residents and their property. After the Battle of Bladensburg, the British Army returned to the area of Upper Marlboro. However, this time some of the British soldiers looted local farms. A sheriff's posse subsequently arrested the offending soldiers and placed them in the county jail. Upon learning about the arrest of his soldiers, the British commander ordered the arrest of the sheriff and the posse in turn. One of the posse members was Dr. William Beam. Beam was ultimately arrested and held for ransom on a British warship. Beam's brother-in-law, Francis Scott Key, went to Baltimore Harbor in search of him. He witnessed the British fleet under attack which was the inspiration of "The Star-Spangled Banner".[7]

1929: Sheriff-Police split[edit]

In 1929, due to an increase in population and crime, Prince George's County created a separate police department. Prior to this time, laws allowed detectives to be used on loan from the Baltimore City Police Department. The newly created police department allowed the Sheriff's Office to focus its manpower on enforcing orders of the court.[7]

2002: Deputies killed in the line of duty[edit]

On the night of August 29, 2002, Corporal James Victor "Jim" Arnaud, 53, and Deputy Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder, 30, were killed in the line of duty while trying to serve an Emergency Petition Service (EPS), a court-ordered psychological evaluation, on James Ramiah Logan, a 23-year-old High Point High School graduate.[8][9][10]

At 9:30 p.m., on the night of August 29, 2002, Corporal Arnaud and Deputy Magruder were at the residence of James Ramiah Logan at 9332 Lynmont Drive in Adelphi, Maryland to serve a petition for a psychiatric evaluation. Logan's father led the two deputies inside the house, where Logan was in the basement conducting a Bible study. Logan, who had been smoking marijuana earlier in the day, was asked by Arnaud to come with him, but he declined. Logan went into a bedroom, where Arnaud and Magruder followed him. Logan's parents were in the master bedroom at the time. As the two deptuies were standing outside the bedroom door, Logan opened the door and fired at them, striking Arnaud six times, in the carotid artery and liver, and Magruder once in the back of the head, as she tried to retreat into cover. Arnaud would die at the scene, but the mortally-wounded Magruder was able to call for assistance over her radio at 9:34 p.m. Logan's father called 911 at 9:39 p.m. to report the shooting. Magruder was airlifted to the Prince George's Hospital Center, where she was pronounced dead.[11][12][13][14]

Logan fled the scene with Anthony Antwan Kromah and was apprehended two days later; Logan was found hiding in a shed and police officers used a taser and a police dog to subdue him. He was interviewed by PGPD detective, Vincent Canales for approximately three-and-a-half hours, where he admitted to the crime. Logan was initially tried, convicted, and sentenced to one hundred years' imprisonment in 2003. However, two years later, in 2005, the decision was overturned on appeal and Logan was awarded a second trial. Logan's first attempt at a retrial ended in June 2007 with a mistrial after jurors couldn't come to a verdict after ten hours of deliberations. However, a few months later, he was subsequently convicted again and sentenced to thirty years imprisonment in October 2007, with credit for time served, much to the chagrin of the deputies' surviving family members, who felt he deserved a lifelong imprisonment.[15][16][17]

Arnaud was posthumously promoted to sergeant, and Magruder was posthumously promoted to deputy first class. Arnaud is survived by his wife, Theresa, and several children; Magruder is survived by her husband Derwinn and her three-year-old son Devinn.[18][19][20][21][22]

The killings helped to spur the passage of a new Maryland state law pertaining to the treatment of the mentally ill, which went into effect on October 1, 2003. The law allows a judge to order a mandatory psychiatric evaluation of a person, if the person were a threat to themselves or to others.[23]

2008: Deputy wounded in Laurel[edit]

On February 16, 2008, at approximately 3:30 a.m., a PGSO SWAT team member was shot and critically wounded while serving a warrant as part of a task force with Deputy U.S. Marshals. The suspect, Aaron M. Lowry, was wanted for the shooting of a Washington, D.C. police officer. The injured deputy was flown to Baltimore Shock Trauma Center where he had surgery and was upgraded to serious but stable condition, and survived.[24]

2008: Berwyn Heights mayor's residence raid[edit]

On July 29, 2008, the PGPD and PGSO raided the home of Cheye Calvo, the mayor Berwyn Heights, Maryland. The raid team did not coordinate their action with the local police department as required by mutual agreement, nor did they did not obtain a warrant or knock on the door to announce their presence. They raided the house with explosive devices and with firearms drawn. During the course of the raid, they killed the Calvo family's two pet Labrador retriever dogs.

No charges were filed against the family. A PGSO internal investigation stated that the PGSO's actions were justified. In 2010, Sheriff Michael Jackson said of the raid: "Quite frankly we'd do it again tonight."[25]

2012: Courthouse misconduct[edit]

In June 2012, Deputy Lamar McIntyre was charged with having coitus with a woman that was in custody at the county courthouse. In 2014, He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three years in custody, with all but one year suspended. He was mandated to be required to submit to eighteen months of supervised probation.[26][27]

Organization[edit]

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office substation in Largo, Maryland, in February 2009.
The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office substation in Largo, Maryland, in May 2009.

The sheriff is elected by the citizens of Prince George's County. The rank structure of the remaining members of the Sheriff's Office is modeled after the U.S. military. The ranks of student deputy through corporal are non-competitive. sergeant through captain are competitive. The ranks of lieutenant colonel (Assistant Sheriff) and colonel (Chief Assistant Sheriff) are appointed by, and serve at the disrections of the sheriff.[28]

The PGSO is divided into three bureaus:[29]

Bureau of Court Services[edit]

Court services is based out of the court complex located within the municipality of Upper Marlboro and is responsible for the safety and security of the circuit court in Upper Marlboro, transportation of inmates, and to provide assistant security and law enforcement services to the District Court in Upper Marlboro and Hyattsville, as well as domestic violence liaison services. The Bureau of Court Services is subdivided into four sections: Circuit Court, District Court, Transportation, and Building Security. Specifically, the bureau is responsible for the safety and security of the 7th Judicial Circuit for the state of Maryland and the District Court for Prince George's County located within the court complexes and adjacent property in Upper Marlboro and Hyattsville. Yearly, between the Circuit Court, District Court, Transportation, and Building Security Sections, the bureau transports an average of 31,000 prisoners, effects 700 warrant and warrantless arrests, and interviews over 8,000 victims of domestic violence[30]

Bureau of Field Operations[edit]

Field Operations is based out of the Largo Substation and is charged with: Civil/Landlord & Tenant, Domestic Violence Intervention Unit (DVIU or DV Unit), Warrant/Fugitive Squad, and Child Support Enforcement. The Civil section is responsible for service of criminal and civil summonses, and other court-ordered writs. The Landlord and Tenant (L&T) Section is responsible for notification of delinquent rent and/or mortgage payments/foreclosures, and court-ordered evictions. The section receives approximately 10,000 writs for non-payment each month.[31] The Domestic Violence Intervention Unit's primary responsibility is response to domestic-related 9-1-1 calls, court-ordered psychiatric commitments, and ex parte protective order service.[32] The Prince George's DV Unit was the first in the state of Maryland and the first to operate on a 24-hour basis, and is considered a nationally-recognized model.[33] The unit receives on average over 1,200 orders per month, the highest in the state.[34]

Bureau of Administration[edit]

The Sheriff's Office headquarters in Upper Marlboro, Maryland in March 2009.

Administration is based out of the main headquarters located in Upper Marlboro and contains the School Resource, Public Information Office (PIO), Recruiting, Training, and Internal Affairs. The Public Information Office (PIO) also operates an Explorers Post,[35] Prince George's County Sheriff's Office Explorer Post #1696 for Prince George's County youths between the ages of 15 (or 14, provisionally) and 20. The sheriff and his command staff operate out of the Sheriff's Office complex located in Upper Marlboro. Most of the civilian support personnel also work out of this facility providing administrative duties such as NCIC monitoring, teletype (TTY), uniform and supply, criminal warrant research and organization, as well as other administrative duties as directed.[36]

Special Operations Division[edit]

A Sheriff's Office armored tactical transport vehicle in May 2009.
A "Police Edition" Harley-Davidson motorcycle of the Motors Unit in June 2009.

The Special Operations Division (SOD) is responsible for specialized and specific services. The division is commanded by an assistant bureau chief and has different teams specifically responsible for: SST (SWAT)-response, executive and witness protection, riot control, crisis negotiations, intelligence gathering, motorcycle escort, and ceremonial duties.[37]

Specialized units[edit]

[38][39]

  • Specialized Services Team (SST)
  • VIP/Witness Protection Team (VIPER)
  • Civil Disturbance Unit (CDU)
  • K-9
  • Motorcycle Unit
  • D.A.R.E.
  • Hostage Negotiation
  • Homeland Security and Intelligence


Union representation[edit]

Sworn personnel below the rank of captain and all civilian employees are represented by the "Deputy Sheriffs '​ Association/Fraternal Order of Police, Maryland Lodge 112" (DSA). The DSA is a labor union that provides, among other things, collective bargaining and legal assistance for its members.[40] The current president of the union is William R. Milam. (www.dsapg.com) [41]

Sheriffs[edit]

Sheriffs of Prince George's County
Name Tenure Party Notes
T. Ward Martin[42] 1946-1950[42]
Carleton G. Beall[42] 1950-1954[42]
J. Lee Ball[42] 1954-1962[42]
William J. Jamieson[42] 1962-1966[42]
William J. Kersey[42] 1966-1970[42]
Don Edward Ansell[42] 1970-1978[42]
  James V. Aluisi[42] 1978-1998[42] D-MD[42]
  Alonzo D. "Al" Black II[42][43][44][45][46] 1998-2002[42][43][44][46][45] D-MD[42][43][44][46][45]
  Michael A. Jackson[42][43][44][46][45] 2002-2010[42][43][44][46][45] D-MD[42][43][44][46][45]
  Melvin C. High[42] 2010–present[42] D-MD[42]

Rank structure[edit]

Rank Insignia Description
Sheriff
1 Gold Star.svg
The Sheriff is the Chief Law Enforcement Officer of Prince George's County, Maryland and is accountable to the citizens. The Sheriff's rank insignia is a single gold star.
Colonel
US-O6 insignia.svg
The Chief Assistant Sheriff of Prince George's County is the second in command and handles the day-to-day operations of the Sheriff's Office. The Chief Assistant Sheriff's rank is Colonel, and is symbolized by a silver eagle.
Lieutenant Colonel
US-O5 insignia.svg
The Assistant Sheriff (Bureau Chief) is the third in command and has the responsibility of his/her bureau's day-to-day operations. The Assistant Sheriff's rank is Lieutenant Colonel, symbolized by a silver oak leaf.
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
The Deputy Bureau Chief was fourth in command, designated as the Deputy Bureau Chief, and served under the Bureau Chief (Lieutenant Colonel). The rank insignia of a major was a gold oak leaf.
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
The Assistant Bureau Chief serves under the Bureau Chief (Lieutenant Colonel) and is in command of one or more Divisions. The rank insignia is symbolized by two connected gold bars.
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
The Division Commander may serve as an acting Captain and is directed by the Assistant Bureau Chief. The rank insignia is symbolized by a single gold bar.
Sergeant
Los Angeles Sheriff's Department Sergeant Rank Chevrons.svg
Squad Sergeant, may serve as Acting Lieutenant, is in charge of a squad of Deputy Sheriffs at the rank of Corporal and below. The sergeant's rank is symbolized by three gold chevrons on a black background.
Corporal
Corporal Prince George's County Sheriff's Office.svg
Supervisor, colloquially "9-car", may serve as Acting Sergeant and has a rank symbolized by two gold chevrons on a black background.
Deputy First Class
Deputy First Class Prince George's County Sheriff's Office.svg
Time-in-rate promotion
Deputy Sheriff, Private
Blank.jpg
Recruits successfully completing the Police Academy are appointed as Deputy Sheriffs, Private.
Student Deputy
Blank.jpg
Title of trainees while attending the Police Academy

Fleet[edit]

Vehicle Country of origin Type Notes Picture(s)
Chevrolet Impala  United States (origin)
 Canada (manufacture)
Cruiser Also used for K-9 duties. Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, School Resource Division Chevrolet Impala in December 2006.Prince George's County Sheriff's Office marked K-9 Chevrolet Impala in October 2009.The Prince George's County Sheriff's star with striping decals emblazoned on the side of a 2007 police-package Chevrolet Impala in December 2008.

The Prince George's County Sheriff's Office operates a fleet of eight and ninth generation Chevrolet Impalas (2003–present models), as well as a few Chevrolet Luminas (1999–2001 models), and Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors. The transportation unit uses specialized Chevrolet or Dodge vans. The Motorcycle unit uses Police Edition Harley-Davidson motorcycles. The paint scheme of the PGSO marked cruisers is a white base paint with brown and gold striping with the word "SHERIFF" emblazoned on the side; previously green and gold. The light bars used are the slim Whelen Generation II LEDs with red and blue colors. The Domestic Violence Intervention Unit has all marked vehicles with Panasonic Toughbook computers assigned to the cars.[39][47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2005 Budget". Prince George's County, Maryland. Prince George's County, Maryland: Prince George's County, Maryland. 2005. Retrieved 2005. 
  2. ^ http://www.princegeorgescountymd.gov/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/
  3. ^ 2006–2007 Edition Maryland Criminal Laws & Motor Vehicle Handbook with Related Statutes including Legal Guidelines. Gould Publications. 2006. 
  4. ^ Job posting
  5. ^ http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/mdmanual/31cc/html/ccf.html
  6. ^ Prince George's County (April 21, 2011). "Office of the Sheriff: Overview". Prince George's County. Prince George's County, Maryland: Prince George's County. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Oertly, Lou (1996). "The Fascinating History of the Office of the Sheriff, 1696-1996". Prince George's County: Over 300 years of History. Prince George's County Historical Society. Retrieved December 16, 2002. 
  8. ^ Castaneda, Ruben (June 16, 2007). "Judge Declares Mistrial in 2002 Slaying of Two Deputies". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ Federations of Police and Security Officers (2002). "Death of Two Princes". Federations of Police/Security News (Briarcliff Manor, New York) 7 (2). Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  10. ^ Taylor, Guy (August 31, 2002). "Killing of 2 deputies spurs manhunt". The Washington Times. News World Communications, Inc. Retrieved September 3, 2002. 
  11. ^ The Washington Examiner (October 25, 2007). "Man gets 25 years for killing two cops". The Washington Examiner. Clarity Media Group. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  12. ^ Dvorak, Petula; Williams, Clarence (August 30, 2002). "2 MD. Deputies Fatally Shot Inside Home: One or Two People Fled Scene, Police Say". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Man Wanted in Deaths of MD Deputies is Captured". WBAL. Baltimore, Maryland: WBAL-TV. August 31, 2002. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (August 31, 2002). "Man, 23, Sought in Killings of 2 MD Deputies". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ Rondeaux, Candace (October 25, 2007). "Guilty Plea in Deputies' Slayings: 30-Year Sentence Disappoints Ivey, Victims' Relatives". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  16. ^ Lowe, Scott M., Jr. (April 30, 2003). "Defendant pleads guilty to accessory charges". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  17. ^ Cook, Mary (October 31, 2003). "Adelphi man's mental competency dominates deputies slaying trial". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ Officer Down Memorial Page (2014). "Sergeant James Victor Arnaud, Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, Maryland". ODMP Remembers. Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  19. ^ Officer Down Memorial Page (2014). "Private First Class Elizabeth "Liz" Licera Magruder, Prince George's County Sheriff's Office, Maryland". ODMP Remembers. Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  20. ^ State of Maryland (September 2005). "State of Maryland v. James Ramiah Logan". Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  21. ^ Leonard, Guy (September 5, 2002). "Services held Wednesday for slain officer". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  22. ^ Rich, Eric; Pratt, Bobbye (September 8, 2005). "Court Orders New Trial in Killings of Md. Deputies". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post Company. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  23. ^ Sedam, Sean R. (October 9, 2003). "Advocates hope law will ease evaluations of mentally ill". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20877: 2014 Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  24. ^ Mitchell, Josh (February 16, 2007). "Sheriff's Deputy shot in Laurel while trying to serve warrant". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 17, 2008. [dead link]
  25. ^ Balko, Radley. "2013". Public Affairs. Kindle Location 8086. 
  26. ^ The Associated Press (February 14, 2014). "Former Md. Deputy Sheriff Sentenced For Sex With Inmate". CBS: DC. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  27. ^ The Associated Press (February 14, 2014). "Lamar McIntyre, former Md. deputy sheriff, sentenced". WJLA. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  28. ^ http://www.princegeorgescountymd.gov/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/overview.asp?nivel=foldmenu(6)
  29. ^ Prince George's County, MD - Office of the Sheriff : Overview
  30. ^ http://www.co.pg.md.us/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/overview.asp?nivel=foldmenu(6)#court
  31. ^ http://www.co.pg.md.us/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/overview.asp?nivel=foldmenu(6)#civil
  32. ^ http://www.co.pg.md.us/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/overview.asp?nivel=foldmenu(6)#domestic
  33. ^ Maryland Sheriff 23 (1). p. 13. 
  34. ^ Maryland Sheriff 23 (1). p. 15. 
  35. ^ http://www.pgso1696.weebly.com
  36. ^ http://www.princegeorgescountymd.gov/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/overview.asp?nivel=foldmenu(6)#admin
  37. ^ http://www.optacinternational.com/symposium2009/instructors.htm
  38. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Parliament/8131/sheriffsitemap.htm&date=2009-10-25+06:52:04
  39. ^ a b https://web.archive.org/web/20110108112542/http://www.co.pg.md.us/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/Recruit%20Inside.jpg
  40. ^ http://www.dsapg.com/
  41. ^ FOP Lodge 112. FOP Lodge 112. Fraternal Order of Police http://dsapg.com/board-of-directors |url= missing title (help). Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x State of Maryland (February 20, 2013). "Sheriffs, Prince George's County, Maryland". Maryland State Archives. State of Maryland. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f State of Maryland (February 20, 2013). "Prince George's County 2002 Primary Election Returns". Maryland State Archives. State of Maryland. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  44. ^ a b c d e f Johnson, Greg (September 19, 2002). "Jackson is sheriff-elect". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  45. ^ a b c d e f Johnson, Greg (September 12, 2002). "Sheriff candidates still waiting for primary outcome". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  46. ^ a b c d e f Johnson, Greg (January 8, 2003). "Crime rise steady in 2002 despite police dept. changes". The Gazette. 9030 Comprint Court, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  47. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20130501194607/http://www.co.pg.md.us/Government/AgencyIndex/CentralServices/fleet.asp

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]