Prince George of Cambridge
|George Alexander Louis[fn 1]|
|House||House of Windsor|
|Father||Prince William, Duke of Cambridge|
|Mother||Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
22 July 2013 |
St Mary's Hospital, London
|Religion||Baptised in the Church of England|
|The Royal Family of the
United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
Prince George of Cambridge (George Alexander Louis;[fn 1] born 22 July 2013) is the son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and the grandchild of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. After his grandfather and father, he is third in line to succeed his great-grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II.
On 3 December 2012, St James's Palace announced that the Duchess of Cambridge was expecting her first child. At less than twelve weeks, the announcement was made earlier in the pregnancy than is traditional because of her admission to hospital with acute morning sickness.
Before the birth there was speculation that it would boost the national economy and provide a focus for national pride. Welsh composer Paul Mealor, who composed "Ubi Caritas et Amor" for the wedding of the Duke and Duchess, composed a lullaby entitled "Sleep On", with lyrics by Irish composer Brendan Graham. A recording was made of it by New Zealand soprano Hayley Westenra as a gift for the baby. Commemorative coins were issued by the Royal Mint, Royal Canadian Mint, and Royal Australian Mint; the first time a royal birth had been marked that way.
The Duchess was admitted to St Mary's Hospital, London, in the early stages of labour on the morning of 22 July 2013. She gave birth to a boy weighing 8 pounds 6 ounces (3.80 kg) at 16:24 BST (15:24 UTC) later the same day. The Duke was by his wife's side when she gave birth, and he took the full two weeks' paternity leave from his job as an RAF search and rescue pilot, allowed by the Ministry of Defence.
The birth took place in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, Paddington—the same hospital in which Prince William and his brother, Prince Harry, were born to Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1982 and 1984, respectively. The Queen's former gynaecologist, Marcus Setchell, delivered the baby assisted by Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Sunit Godambe and Physician to the Queen John Cunningham.
The customary formal bulletin announcing the royal birth was displayed on an easel outside Buckingham Palace, although in a break with tradition the news was first conveyed in a press release from Palace officials. Gun salutes signalled the birth in Bermuda, in London, in New Zealand, and in Canada; the bells of Westminster Abbey and many other churches were rung; and iconic landmarks in the Commonwealth realms were illuminated in various colours, mostly blue to signify the birth of a boy.
The birth marks the second time that three generations of direct heirs to the British throne are alive at the same time, a situation that last occurred between 1894 and 1901, in the last seven years of the reign of Queen Victoria.
Prince George was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace on 23 October 2013, with Oliver Baker, Emilia Jardine-Paterson, Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor, Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton, Julia Samuel, William van Cutsem (son of the late Hugh van Cutsem) and Zara Tindall serving as godparents. The ceremony used a font that was made for Queen Victoria's first child and water from the River Jordan. The Royal Mint issued a set of commemorative coins to celebrate the christening, the first coins to mark a royal christening in Britain.
Prince George, with his parents, embarked on his first royal tour in April 2014, during which the Cambridges spent three weeks in New Zealand and Australia. His first public engagement of the tour was on 9 April at a playdate at Government House, Wellington, organised by the New Zealand parenting organisation, Plunket. His parents also attended. His other public appearance on the tour was on 20 April, Easter Sunday, when he met a bilby named after him at Taronga Zoo in Sydney, Australia. The BBC said at the end of the tour "there's no doubt Prince George stole the limelight".
Prince George effect
The Prince George effect, also known as the Royal Baby effect, is the trend that news about Prince George has in business and pop culture, similar to his mother's. The effect was noted during his April 2014 tour of New Zealand and Australia, and many businesses have attempted to use this effect to their advantage.
Title and style
Prince George's official title is His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge. While his name was announced two days after his birth, he was from birth a British prince entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by King George V in 1917, which gave the title and style to the eldest son of the Prince of Wales's eldest son. Letters patent issued in 2012 by Queen Elizabeth II extended the 1917 patent so that all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son are princes or princesses with the style Royal Highness. As with other children born to royal dukes, George's territorial designation is taken from his father's title, in this case "Cambridge" from Duke of Cambridge.
Prince George's paternal ancestors are royal and aristocratic. Through his paternal grandfather, Charles, Prince of Wales, he is a member of the House of Windsor. Through his paternal grandmother, Diana, Princess of Wales, he descends from the Spencer family, whose members include the Earls Spencer, Earls of Sunderland, and Dukes of Marlborough. He is third in line to succeed his great-grandmother, Elizabeth II, as monarch of the 16 Commonwealth realms, being preceded by his paternal grandfather and father. He is her third great-grandchild, after Savannah and Isla Phillips, and her first great-grandson.
|Ancestors of Prince George of Cambridge|
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- The Royal Mint page on the occasion of the Royal Christening of Prince George of Cambridge The Royal Mint (www.royalmint.com) Retrieved on 11 November 2013.
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- Kensington Palace (the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge) said: "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are delighted to announce that they have named their son George Alexander Louis. The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge."Royal baby Prince George Cambridge The Guardian 24 July 2013
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- Birth certificate details: A copy of the original certificate, Entry No. 207 in the Westminster Registration district, dated 2 August 2013, appeared in The Daily Telegraph 2 August 2013  It was in the standard form, completed with the Date of birth: 22 July 2013; the child's Name and surname: "His Royal Highness Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge"; the father's Name and surname: HRH "Prince William Arthur Philip Louis Duke of Cambridge", and Occupation: "Prince of the United Kingdom"; the mother's Name and surname: "Catherine Elizabeth Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Occupation: "Princess of the United Kingdom", and Maiden surname: "Middleton"; Usual address: "Kensington Palace London"; informant "Father", whose signature, "William", was inserted in the section certifying the truth of the particulars.
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Prince George of CambridgeBorn: 22 July 2013
|Lines of succession|
The Duke of Cambridge
|Line of succession to the British throne