Prince George of Cambridge

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Not to be confused with Prince George, Duke of Cambridge.
Prince George
Prince George of Cambridge with wombat plush toy (crop).jpg
Prince George with his parents and the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Peter Cosgrove, at Admiralty House, Sydney, April 2014
Full name
George Alexander Louis[fn 1]
House House of Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Born (2013-07-22)22 July 2013 (age &&&&&&&&&&&&06131 year 8 months)
St Mary's Hospital, London
Religion Baptised in the Church of England

Prince George of Cambridge (George Alexander Louis;[fn 1] born 22 July 2013) is the son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and the grandchild of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. After his grandfather and father, he is third in line to succeed his great-grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II.


On 3 December 2012, Clarence House announced that the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were expecting their first child.[2] At less than twelve weeks, the announcement was made earlier in the pregnancy than is traditional because of her admission to hospital with acute morning sickness.[3]

Before the birth there was speculation that it would boost the national economy and provide a focus for national pride.[4][5] Welsh composer Paul Mealor, who composed "Ubi Caritas et Amor" for the wedding of the Duke and Duchess, composed a lullaby entitled "Sleep On", with lyrics by Irish composer Brendan Graham. A recording was made of it by New Zealand soprano Hayley Westenra as a gift for the baby.[6][7][8] Commemorative coins were issued by the Royal Mint, Royal Canadian Mint, and Royal Australian Mint;[9][10][11] the first time a royal birth had been marked that way.[9][12]


Easel outside Buckingham Palace, announcing: "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 4.24 p.m. today. Her Royal Highness and her child are both doing well."

The Duchess was admitted to St Mary's Hospital, London, in the early stages of labour on the morning of 22 July 2013.[13][14] She gave birth to a boy weighing 8 pounds 6 ounces (3.80 kg) at 16:24 BST (15:24 UTC) later the same day.[15][16] The Duke was by his wife's side when she gave birth,[17] and he took the full two weeks' paternity leave from his job as an RAF search and rescue pilot, allowed by the Ministry of Defence.[18]

The birth took place in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, Paddington—the same hospital in which Prince William and his brother, Prince Harry, were born to Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1982 and 1984, respectively. The Queen's former gynaecologist, Marcus Setchell, delivered the baby assisted by Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Sunit Godambe and Physician to the Queen John Cunningham.[15][17][19]

The customary formal bulletin announcing the royal birth was displayed on an easel outside Buckingham Palace, although in a break with tradition the news was first conveyed in a press release from Palace officials.[16][20] Gun salutes signalled the birth in Bermuda,[21] in London,[22] in New Zealand,[23] and in Canada;[24] the bells of Westminster Abbey and many other churches were rung;[25][26] and iconic landmarks in the Commonwealth realms were illuminated in various colours, mostly blue to signify the birth of a boy.[27][28][29][30][31]

George with his mother, 23 July 2013

The birth marks the second time that three generations of direct heirs to the British throne are alive at the same time, a situation that last occurred between 1894 and 1901, in the last seven years of the reign of Queen Victoria.

The Duchess and her baby, accompanied by the Duke, left hospital on 23 July,[32] and the baby's name was announced as George Alexander Louis the following day.[33][34][35]

First year[edit]

Prince George was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace on 23 October 2013, with Oliver Baker, Emilia Jardine-Paterson, Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor, Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton, Julia Samuel, William van Cutsem (son of the late Hugh van Cutsem) and Zara Tindall serving as godparents.[36][37] The ceremony used a font that was made for Queen Victoria's first child and water from the River Jordan.[38][39] The Royal Mint issued a set of commemorative coins to celebrate the christening, the first coins to mark a royal christening in Britain.[40]

George, with his parents, embarked on his first royal tour in April 2014, during which the Cambridges spent three weeks in New Zealand and Australia. His first public engagement of the tour was on 9 April at a playdate at Government House, Wellington, organised by the New Zealand parenting organisation, Plunket. His parents also attended.[41] His other public appearance on the tour was on 20 April, Easter Sunday, when he met a bilby named after him at Taronga Zoo in Sydney, Australia.[42] The BBC said at the end of the tour "there's no doubt Prince George stole the limelight".[43]

George's first birthday party was themed around children's author Beatrix Potter, who knew and was related to members of the Lupton family, George's maternal ancestors.[44][45][46]

Prince George effect[edit]

The Prince George effect, also known as the Royal Baby effect, is the trend that news about Prince George has in business and pop culture, similar to his mother's. Clothing and products identified as used by Prince George tend to sell better than before. The effect was noted during his April 2014 tour of New Zealand and Australia, and many businesses have attempted to use this effect to their advantage.[47] He was ranked #49 on GQ's "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain" list in 2015. [48]

Title and style[edit]

Prince George's official title and style is His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge.[49][50] While his name was announced two days after his birth, he was, from birth, a British prince entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by King George V in 1917, which gave the title and style to the eldest son of the Prince of Wales's eldest son. Letters patent issued in 2012 by Queen Elizabeth II extended the 1917 patent so that all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son are princes or princesses with the style Royal Highness.[51][52] As with other princes and princesses who are born to royal dukes, George's territorial designation is taken from his father's title,[49] in this case "Cambridge" from Duke of Cambridge.[53]


Prince George's paternal ancestors are royal and aristocratic. Through his paternal grandfather, Charles, Prince of Wales, he is a member of the House of Windsor. Through his paternal grandmother, Diana, Princess of Wales, he descends from the Spencer family, whose members include the Earls Spencer, Earls of Sunderland, and Dukes of Marlborough.[54][55] He is third in line to succeed his great-grandmother, Elizabeth II, as monarch of the 16 Commonwealth realms,[56][57] being preceded by his paternal grandfather and father.[17][58] He is her third great-grandchild, after Savannah and Isla Phillips, and her first great-grandson.[59]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Titled royals such as Prince George do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor,[1] although others have been used in certain contexts.


  1. ^ "The Royal Family name". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting a baby". Clarence House. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Royal pregnancy: Duchess leaves hospital". BBC News. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Baby Bounce: Royal infant may help UK economy", by Danica Kirka, Associated Press
  5. ^ Griffiths, Kathie (19 July 2013). "Campaign launched to show national pride". The Telegraph & Argus. 
  6. ^ Furness, Hannah (7 May 2013). "Royal Wedding composer writes lullaby for Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's baby". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Brendan Graham pens song for Prince William & Kate Middleton". Hot Press. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Hayley Westenra / Paul Mealor / Brendan Graham – Sleep On (Gift for Royal Baby) (Lyric Video)". YouTube. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Low, Valentine (26 July 2013). "Royal Mint strikes lucky with prince's name". The Times. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Governor General unveils coins commemorating birth of Prince George". CTV. 8 August 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "2013 50c Silver Proof Royal Baby". Royal Australian Mint. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  12. ^ The Royal Mint page on the occasion of the Royal Christening of Prince George of Cambridge The Royal Mint ( Retrieved on 11 November 2013.
  13. ^ Saul, Heather (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge goes into labour". The Independent. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Davies, Caroline (22 July 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge in labour and admitted to hospital". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Davies, Caroline (24 July 2013). "Prince of Cambridge's parents present him to the world at first photocall". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 July 2013. As is traditional, the birth announcement also appeared in the Court Circular, the published diary of royal engagements which was started by George III in 1803. It read: "Kensington Palace 22nd July, 2013. The Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 4.24 p.m. today. Her Royal Highness and her child are both well. Signed: Marcus Setchell, Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Sunnit Godambe, John Cunningham." The signatories are the medical team who attended the duchess during the birth. 
  16. ^ a b Owen, Paul; Walker, Peter; Quinn, Ben; Gabbatt, Adam (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to a boy – live coverage". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c "Royal baby: Kate gives birth to boy". BBC. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Royal baby: William and Kate name their son George". BBC News. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  19. ^ Rayner, Gordon (22 July 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to baby boy". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 July 2013. The Queen's gynaecologist, Alan Farthing, was not present. 
  20. ^ "Royal baby bulletin displayed at palace (video)". BBC. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "Royal Baby Born, Regiment to Fire 21 Gun Salute". Bernews. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Royal Baby: Birth Marked With Gun Salutes". Sky News. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  23. ^ Shuttleworth, Kate (23 July 2013). "Royal baby: NZ marks birth with 21-gun salute". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Special Gun Salute Honours Birth of Royal Baby". Market Wired. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "Live: Royal baby welcomed with full peal of bells at Westminster Abbey (video)". The Telegraph. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "The birth of HRH Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge". Bell Board. The Ringing World. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  27. ^ Magi, Kim (3 July 2013). "Royal baby: CN Tower to light up pink or blue to honour birth". Toronto Star. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "Royal baby: Canada's GG quick to react to 'wonderful' news". CBC News. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  29. ^ Waldie, Paul (12 July 2013). "Around the world, the countdown is on for the royal baby". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "Kiwi landmarks to light up for royal baby". NZ News. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  31. ^ Mead, Thomas (11 July 2013). "Royal baby to light up Chch Airport". 3 News. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  32. ^ "William and Kate head home with baby prince". BBC News. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  33. ^ Kensington Palace (the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge) said: "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are delighted to announce that they have named their son George Alexander Louis. The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge."Royal baby Prince George Cambridge The Guardian 24 July 2013
  34. ^ "Royal baby: Kate and William name their son George Alexander Louis". Yahoo News. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  35. ^ Birth certificate details: A copy of the original certificate, Entry No. 207 in the Westminster Registration district, dated 2 August 2013, appeared in The Daily Telegraph 2 August 2013 [1] It was in the standard form, completed with the Date of birth: 22 July 2013; the child's Name and surname: "His Royal Highness Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge"; the father's Name and surname: HRH "Prince William Arthur Philip Louis Duke of Cambridge", and Occupation: "Prince of the United Kingdom"; the mother's Name and surname: "Catherine Elizabeth Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Occupation: "Princess of the United Kingdom", and Maiden surname: "Middleton"; Usual address: "Kensington Palace London"; informant "Father", whose signature, "William", was inserted in the section certifying the truth of the particulars.
  36. ^ "The christening of Prince George of Cambridge". Clarence House. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  37. ^ "Prince George christening: Godparents announced". BBC. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  38. ^ Daniela Relph (23 October 2013). "Low-key christening for Prince George". Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  39. ^ "Prince George on his best behaviour as he is christened". Daily Telegraph. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  40. ^ "Royal christening £5 coin for Prince George". Western Daily Press. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  41. ^ "Prince George takes charge at Royal playdate". TVNZ. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  42. ^ Puente, Maria (21 April 2014). "Prince George meets his bilby namesake at Sydney zoo". USA Today. 
  43. ^ Witchell, Nicholas (25 April 2014). "Royal tour: Prince George steals the show as support for monarchy rises". BBC News. 
  44. ^ Walker, Tim (22 July 2014). "The Duchess of Cambridge is related to Beatrix Potter, who once gave the Middleton family her own original hand-painted illustrations". Daily Telegraph. p. 8. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  45. ^ "Link between the Lake District author and the future King of England...further boosts Cumbria's tourist credentials". North West Evening Mail, Cumbria. 21 July 2014. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  46. ^ Bang Showbiz (23 July 2014). "Duchess of Cambridge related to Beatrix Potter". Yahoo News, New Zealand. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  47. ^ "Your Community 'Prince George Effect' still in full force on tot's 1st birthday". Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  48. ^ "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain 2015". GQ. 5 Jan 2015. 
  49. ^ a b The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge – The Duchess of Cambridge has been delivered of a son. Clarence House website. Retrieved 23 July 2013
  50. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby, Clarence House website". 24 July 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  51. ^ The London Gazette: no. 60384. p. 213. 8 January 2013.
  52. ^ "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  53. ^ "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall News and Diary, Clarence House website". 24 July 2013. 
  54. ^ "A Modern Monarchy – The Royal Family appears to have overcome its troubles and the new generation has adapted skilfully to a changing Britain". The Times. 25 July 2013. Leading articles. Prince George of Cambridge, born on Monday, now has in his relatively recent line miners and labourers; something hard to contemplate a generation ago. 
  55. ^ David White, Somerset Herald, College of Arms (23 July 2013). "The Windsors & the Middletons – A family tree". The Times. Pull-out supplement. 
  56. ^ "Succession". The Royal Household. Retrieved 29 July 2013. The child of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge is third in the Line of Succession 
  57. ^ Gilbert, Dave (25 June 2013). "Q&A: Who can inherit the British throne". CNN. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  58. ^ Booth, William (3 December 2012). "William and Kate's baby boy or girl will be third in line to throne". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  59. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II Fast Facts". CNN. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 

External links[edit]

Prince George of Cambridge
Born: 22 July 2013
Lines of succession
Preceded by
The Duke of Cambridge
Line of succession to the British throne
3rd position
Succeeded by
Prince Harry